|Honorary President||Ranko Krivokapi?|
|Founded||12 June 1993|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|Colours||Red, green and yellow|
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (Serbian: ? ? ?, Socijaldemokratska partija Crne Gore), or just the Social Democratic Party, SDP is a centre-left political party in Montenegro. It is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership in the Socialist International. Since 2016, it has been opposed to the government of Milo ?ukanovi? and the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro.
On 14 July 1991, reformists from four coastal municipalities in the SR Montenegro, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat and Budva, who were subsequently joined by reformists from Cetinje, formed the first regional Montenegrin political party - the Alliance of Reformists of the Montenegrin Coastline with Miodrag Marovi? as President. On 7 July 1992, the League united with ?arko Rak?evi?'s Party of Socialists desiring to create a major Montenegrin party, forming the Social Democratic Party of Reformists of Montenegro. Finally, on 12 June 1993, the Independent Organization of Communists of Bar, the Alliance of Reform forces of Yugoslavia for Montenegro and the Party of National Tolerance merged into it, forming the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and uniting the forces that opposed the policies of the Milo?evi? regime during the Yugoslav wars. Eventually, Yugoslav People's Party and Old Yugoslav People's Party also merged into SDP in the following years. Notable SDP founders include ?arko Rak?evi?, Dragi?a Burzan and Ljubi?a Stankovi?.
When the policies of the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (DPS) turned towards the goal of full independence for Montenegro, DPS and SDP started working closely together to achieve this goal. Allying itself with the DPS and ?ukanovi? ahead of the 1998 parliamentary elections allowed the SDP to enter the parliament for the first time in its history. Since the 1998 election, SDP has continued to a minor coalition partner of DPS and a part of every Montenegrin government between 1998 and 2015. The goal of restoration of the Montenegrin independence was achieved following the victory in a referendum held on 21 May 2006. Current president of the SDP and President of the Parliament of Montenegro from 2003 to 2016, Ranko Krivokapi?, officially proclaimed the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006.
Following the shift of the party towards a more critical and independent political course, in Autumn 2015 the pro-DPS faction of SDP formed a new party named Social Democrats of Montenegro (SD). On 22 January 2016, SDP officially left the ruling coalition with DPS and announced its support for a vote of no confidence against the government of Milo ?ukanovi? on 25 January 2016. In the following 2016 parliamentary election SDP ran independently for the first time since 1996, and retained its parliamentary status, winning 5.23% of votes.
At the 2018 presidential elections, SDP nominated its MP Draginja Vuksanovi?, who was the first female presidential candidate in the history of Montenegro. Vuksanovi? finished third, winning 8.2% of the votes. On 29 June 2019, after Krivokapi? resignation, Vuksanovi? was elected new president of the Party, making her the only female president of a Montenegrin political party, at the time. On this occasion, former President Krivokapic has been named honorary president.
|Year||Popular vote||% of popular vote||Overall seats won||Seat change||Coalition||Government|
A Social Democratic Party of Reformists (SDPR). Shortly after the election, the SDPR merged with extra-parliamentary Socialist Party
B The electoral threshold was set at 6% using the d'Hondt method, the threshold was returned to 3% for the next parliamentary election in 1998.
|Election year||Candidate||#||1st round votes||%||#||2nd round votes||%||Notes|
|1997||Milo ?ukanovi?||2nd||145,348||46.71%||1st||174,745||50.79||DPS, support|
|2003||Filip Vujanovi?||1st||139,574||64.2%||N/A||--||--||ECG, support|
|2008||Filip Vujanovi?||1st||171,118||51.89%||N/A||--||--||ECG, support|
Major positions held by Social Democratic Party of Montenegro members: