Socialism and Liberty Party
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Socialism and Liberty Party
Socialism and Liberty Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
PresidentJuliano Medeiros
Founded6 June 2004
Split fromWorkers' Party
HeadquartersSDS, Edificio Venâncio V, Loja 28, Brasília
Membership (2020)219,989[1]
Political positionLeft-wing[3] to far-left[4]
International affiliationDifferent groups in PSOL have different international affiliations.
Colours  Red
TSE Identification Number50
Chamber of Deputies
Federal Senate
State Assemblies
City Councillors
Website Edit this at Wikidata

The Socialism and Liberty Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialismo e Liberdade IPA: [pa?'t?idu sosj?'lizmw i libe?'dad?i], PSOL IPA: [pe's?w]) is a left-wing political party in Brazil. The party describes itself as socialist and democratic.

The party leader is Juliano Medeiros and the federal deputies Ivan Valente, Marcelo Freixo, Talíria Petrone, Sâmia Bomfim, Áurea Carolina, Edmilson Rodrigues, Fernanda Melchionna, David Miranda, Glauber Braga and Luiza Erundina, with a number of well-known Brazilian left-wing leaders and intellectuals, such as Guilherme Boulos, Milton Temer [arz; pt], Hamilton Assis, Michael Löwy, Luciana Genro, Vladimir Safatle [eo; pt], Renato Roseno [pt], Carlos Nelson Coutinho [pt], Ricardo Antunes [pt], Francisco de Oliveira [fr; pt], João Machado, Pedro Ruas [pt] and others.

PSOL was formed after Heloísa Helena, Luciana Genro, Babá and João Fontes (also a federal deputy, now a member of the Democratic Labour Party, PDT) were expelled from the Workers' Party after voting against the pension reform proposed by Lula. They opposed the liberal decisions of Lula's government and the Workers' Party alliances with polemic right-wing politicians, such as the former presidents José Sarney and Fernando Collor.

After collecting more than 438,000 signatures, PSOL became Brazil's 29th officially recognized political party, the first to do so by this method.[]

Ideology and support

The ideology of the party varies between the left and the far left. The programmatic elements found in the party are related to socialism, anti-capitalism, and anti-imperialism. There are Marxist, Trotskyist, eco-socialist, and labor unionism tendencies within the party. Among other things, the party program includes the reduction of working hours, agrarian and urban reform, increased spending on health, education and infrastructure, and a break with the International Monetary Fund.[5] It also seeks to decriminalize abortion.[6] Because it is a party formed by trends that possess the political spectrum of the left in common, they represent distinct divisions in question of origin, geographical location and composition of its leaderships. The formation of tendencies provided for in the party statute can be freely organized without direct interference from the party leadership, allowing autonomy of intra-party groups, provided they follow the political prerogatives of the party's statute and program.[5]

Internal tendencies

Abbreviation Name in Portuguese Name in English Ideology International affiliation
APS-NE Ação Popular Socialista - Nova Era Socialist People's Action - New Era Democratic socialism
Comuna Commune Mandelist-Trotskyism, Eco-socialism, Feminism Fourth International (reunited)
CST Corrente Socialista dos Trabalhadores Socialist Workers' Current Morenism International Workers' Unity - Fourth International
EM Esquerda Marxista Marxist Left Grantism International Marxist Tendency
Fortalecer o PSOL Strengthen PSOL Marxism-Leninism, Left-wing populism
Insurgência Insurgency Mandelism, Socialism of the 21st century Fourth International (reunited)
LSR Liberdade, Socialismo e Revolução Freedom, Socialism and Revolution Trotskyism International Socialist Alternative
MES Movimento Esquerda Socialista Socialist Left Movement Left-wing populism, Morenism Fourth International (reunited)
PS Primavera Socialista Socialist Spring Democratic socialism
Resistência Resistance Trotskyism
Subverta Subvert Mandelism, Eco-socialism, Socialism of the 21st Century, Buen Vivir[7] Fourth International (reunited)

PSOL also allows certain unregistered political parties to launch candidates through its TSE registry number. These organizations, however, cannot participate in the party's congresses.

Abbreviation Name in Portuguese Name in English Ideology
BP Brigadas Populares People's Brigades Marxism-Leninism, Left-wing nationalism, Socialism of the 21st Century, Bolivarianism
MRT Movimento Revolucionário de Trabalhadores Workers' Revolutionary Movement Trotskyism
PCR Partido Comunista Revolucionário Revolutionary Communist Party Marxism-Leninism, Hoxhaism
PCLCP Polo Comunista Luiz Carlos Prestes Luiz Carlos Prestes Communist Pole Marxism-Leninism, Left-wing nationalism
RAiZ Raiz - Movimento Cidadanista Roots - Citizens' Movement Eco-socialism, Teko Porã, Ubuntu
RC Refundação Comunista Communist Refoundation Revolutionary socialism

Members of the National Congress

Following the 2018 general election, PSOL currently has ten federal deputies in the National Congress of Brazil. Although having a small presence in parliament, PSOL is the 5th most popular party in Brazil,[8] and it is recognized as different from the bigger PSDB and PT parties and the cronyist and catch-all parties without an ideology.

It is the only party present in the Congress which did not receive money from large corporations and the only party that called for the removal of the former President of the Chamber of Deputies Eduardo Cunha, currently in jail.

Federal Deputies

Name State Internal tendency
Áurea Carolina Minas Gerais Independent
David Miranda Rio de Janeiro Socialist Left Movement
Vivi Reis [pt] Pará Socialist Left Movement
Fernanda Melchionna Rio Grande do Sul Socialist Left Movement
Glauber Braga Rio de Janeiro Independent
Ivan Valente São Paulo Socialist Spring
Luiza Erundina São Paulo Raiz - Citizens' Movement
Marcelo Freixo Rio de Janeiro Independent
Sâmia Bomfim São Paulo Socialist Left Movement
Talíria Petrone Rio de Janeiro Subvert

State Deputies

Name State Internal tendency
Daniella Monteiro Rio de Janeiro Insurgency
Eliomar Coelho Rio de Janeiro Independent
Flavio Serafini Rio de Janeiro Subvert
Mônica Francisco Rio de Janeiro Independent
Renata Souza Rio de Janeiro Independent
Carlos Giannazi São Paulo Independent
Erica Malunguinho São Paulo Independent
Mônica Seixas São Paulo Socialist Left Movement
Isa Penna São Paulo Independent
Paulo Lemos Amapá Independent
Hilton Coelho Bahia Popular Socialist Action - New Era
Renato Roseno Ceará Insurgency
Fábio Felix Federal District Socialist Left Movement
Andréia de Jesus Minas Gerais Popular Brigades
Marinor Brito Pará Socialist Spring
Robeyoncé Lima Pernambuco Independent
Sandro Pimentel Rio Grande do Norte Socialist Left Movement
Luciana Genro Rio Grande do Sul Socialist Left Movement


Clécio Luís, Mayor of Macapá, left the party to join Sustainability Network.



PSOL launched Heloísa Helena to run for president in 2006 elections. The vice-presidential candidate was intellectual César Benjamin [es; pt]. The party ran in a left-wing ticket along with two other parties: Trotskyist Unified Workers' Socialist Party (PSTU) and Marxist-Leninist Brazilian Communist Party (PCB).

The alliance was extended to gubernatorial elections. In Minas Gerais, for instance, Vanessa Portugal, from the PSTU, ran for governor with PSOL's support, although not with PCB's. Prominent PSOL gubernatorial candidates were Plínio de Arruda Sampaio in São Paulo, Milton Temer [pt] in Rio de Janeiro and Roberto Robaina in Rio Grande do Sul. However, they were all defeated.

Heloísa Helena finished the presidential race in the third place, receiving 6.5 million votes throughout the country (6.85% of the valid votes). Three federal deputies, Luciana Genro, Chico Alencar and Ivan Valente, managed to get re-elected.


In the 2010 candidate for presidential election Plínio de Arruda Sampaio received 888.000 votes (0.87%). Plinio presented an agrarian reform project in 1964 when he was federal deputy, but the 1964 Military Coup ended the project and Plinio lost his mandate. Although he received very few votes Plinio became famous after the elections because he was qualified as an anti-candidate.

PSOL elected three deputies again, Chico Alencar, Ivan Valente and Jean Wyllys.

Toninho do PSOL from Federal District got the best gubernatorial result. He finished in third place with 14.25%.


In 2012 PSOL got its best results so far. Clecio Luis and Gelsimar Gonzaga were elected mayors in Macapá, Amapá's state capital, and Itaocara.

In the northern second largest city Belém and in Rio de Janeiro, PSOL finished second and elected four city councillors - the second largest group in those councils. In Belem Edmilson Rodrigues got 43.39% and in Rio de Janeiro Marcelo Freixo got 28.15%, almost 1 million votes.

Other places like São Paulo, Fortaleza, Campinas, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Salvador, Natal, Florianópolis, Niterói, São Gonçalo and Pelotas, PSOL got respectable results in 2012, 49 city councillors from PSOL were elected.


PSOL initially nominated Randolfe Rodrigues, the Senator for Amapá, as their candidate for President in 2014, with former federal deputy and party co-founder Luciana Genro as his running mate.[9] Federal deputy Chico Alencar of Rio de Janeiro and attorney Renato Roseno [pt] also ran for the party's nomination. However, he was replaced at the top of the ticket by Genro, a member of the Left Socialist Movement faction. She got 1,612,186 votes finishing in 4th place.

Genro's campaign received the support of important Brazilian intellectuals and celebrities. These included like Chico de Oliveira, Rogério Arantes, Vladimir Safatle, Michel Löwy, Gregorio Duvivier, Valesca Popozuda, Zélia Duncan, Karina Buhr, Clara Averbuck, Marina Lima, Juca Kfouri, Preta Gil, Laerte Coutinho, Marcelo Yuka and the international popstar Jessica Sutta. Her candidacy was well-regarded in the LGBT community.

PSOL elected 5 federal deputies and 12 state deputies. Marcelo Freixo (RJ) received the highest vote for a state deputy in Brazil with 350,408 votes. Carlos Giannazi was the leftist most voted in São Paulo with 164,929 votes.

Gubernatorial candidates Tarcísio Motta (RJ) with 8.92% (14.62% in city of Rio Janeiro) and Robério Paulino (RN) with 8.74% (22.45% in capital Natal) got excellent results. Senate candidate Heloísa Helena (AL) got 31.86%, but she lost the election to former Brazilian president Fernando Collor de Mello, who was impeached.


In 2018, PSOL chose prolific labor leader Guilherme Boulos as their nominee for the presidency. Boulos's close affiliation with former President Lula led to concern that his nomination would erode PSOL's distinct identity.[10] It was alleged that party leadership pushed Boulos at the expense of other pre-candidates for the party's nomination, including economist (and son of 2010 presidential nominee Plínio de Arruda Sampaio) Plínio de Arruda Sampaio Jr., activist and educator Hamilton Assis, and academic Nildo Ouriques. Indigenous leader Sônia Guajajara, who initially sought the party's nomination, was chosen to serve as his vice presidential running mate.

Electoral results


Election year Candidate 1st round 2nd round
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
2006 Heloísa Helena 6,575,393 6.9 (#3)
2010 Plínio de Arruda Sampaio 886,816 0.9 (#4)
2014 Luciana Genro 1,612,186 1.6 (#4)
2018 Guilherme Boulos 617,122 0.6 (#10)


Chamber of Deputies

Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Government Notes
2006 1,149,619 1.2
in opposition
2010 1,142,737 1.2
Steady0 in opposition
2014 1,745,470 1.8
Increase2 in opposition
2018 2,783,669 2.8
Increase5 in opposition


Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats won +/- Notes
2006 351,527 0.4
Increase1 PSOL did not originally gain a seat at the 2006 election. However, after Senator Ana Júlia de Vasconcelos Carepa (PT) resigned, following her election as Governor of Pará State, José Nery de Azevedo [arz; pt] (PSOL) took her seat in the Senate as a member of the class of 2006.
2010 3,041,854 1.8
2014 1,045,275 1.2
2018 5,273,853 3.1


  1. ^ "Estatísticas do eleitorado - Eleitores filiados".
  3. ^ Senra, Ricardo; Guimarães, Thiago (31 October 2016). "Como as eleições municipais desidrataram os partidos de esquerda". BBC Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Gonçalves da Silva, Júlio César. "Partido dos professores: elite partidária e evolução política do Partido Socialismo e Liberdade (PSOL)". Electoral Justice of Brazil (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ a b "PSOL - Relação da Origem no desenvolvimento de sua Organização, Participação Eleitoral e Atuação Parlamentar" (PDF).
  6. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Ávila, T.; Fernandes, S. (2018-11-07). "Construindo uma alternativa de transformação no Brasil e no Mundo". Subverta (in Portuguese). Retrieved .
  8. ^[dead link]
  9. ^ G1, Do; Brasília, em (2013-12-01). "PSOL escolhe Randolfe Rodrigues para disputar Presidência em 2014". Política (in Portuguese). Retrieved .
  10. ^ de 2018, Rogério DaflonRogério Daflon9 de Março; 22h36. "A guerra pelo PSOL: uma reunião com o petista Tarso Genro desencadeou o inferno". The Intercept Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved .
Preceded by
45 - BSDP (PSDB)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
50 - SOLP (PSOL)
Succeeded by
51 - PATRI

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