Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
|Born||13 June 1592|
|Died||13 January 1642 (aged 49)|
|Buried||Grote of Jacobijnerkerk in Leeuwarden|
|Noble family||House of Guelph|
|Spouse(s)||Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz|
|Father||Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
|Mother||Princess Elisabeth of Denmark|
Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (13 June 1592, in Wolfenbüttel - 13 January 1642, in Arnhem), was Countess of Nassau-Dietz by marriage to Ernest Casimir I, Count of Nassau-Dietz, and regent of the County of Nassau-Dietz during the absence of her sons between 1632 and 1642.
On 8 June 1607, Sophie Hedwig married Count Ernest Casimir I of Nassau-Dietz (1573-1632).
When she was widowed, Sophia took up residence at widow seat, the Countly Castle at Diez. Nassau-Dietz had been inherited by her eldest son, who was twenty and old enough to rule on his own. He was however appointed governor of Friesland, and appointed his mother as his regent to rule in his absence.
She and managed to minimize damage caused during the Thirty Years' War. She prevented looting and quartering in the city and county during the Thirty Years' War by skillfully negotiating with army commanders. Sophia made a name for herself outside the county when she turned to Axel Oxenstierna in 1633 and demanded compensation for the damage his troops had done to her territory. Domestically, she cared for the rural population and made sure there was a sufficient supply of food and water. When Diez was affected by a plague epidemic in 1635, she was ready to help.
When her eldest son died and was succeeded by her youngest son in 1640, she was confirmed in her position as regent and continued to rule.
Only two of her children reached adulthood:
The English representative at the baptism of Henry Casimir in March 1612 at Arnhem was Sir Edward Cecil. Cecil brought gifts of a cupboard of gilt plate, a diamond necklace with a locket, two horses, and an embroidered petticoat for Sophia Hedwig, who was a niece of Anne of Denmark. The Dutch Republic gave a gift of an annual pension.
A street in Diez was named after her.