Spain (European Parliament Constituency)
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Spain European Parliament Constituency

Spain
European Parliament constituency
Map of the European Parliament constituencies with Spain highlighted in red
Location among the current constituencies
Member stateSpain
Created1987
MEPs60 (1986-1993)
64 (1993-2004)
54 (2004-2009)
50 (2009-2011)
54 (2011-2020)
59 (2020-present)
Sources
[1][2]

Spain is a European Parliament constituency for elections in the European Union covering the member state of Spain. It is currently represented by 59 Members of the European Parliament and is the second largest European Parliament constituency in terms of geographic area after France, as well as the third most populated after Germany and France.

Electoral system

The constituency was created as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession and was first contested in the 1987 European election in Spain. The Treaty provided for Spain to be allocated 60 representatives within the European Parliament, but successive amendments to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaties establishing the European Communities have seen this number change: 64 under Council Decision 93/81/Euratom, ECSC, EEC and Amsterdam; 50 under Nice and 54 under Lisbon.[1][2][3][4][5] The European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs proposed on 23 January 2018 an increase of the number of seats allocated to Spain from 54 to 59 after Brexit has taken place, a proposal that first needs to be adopted by the Parliament, then approved by the European Council, to be made effective.[6][7]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals and non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[8] Seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no electoral threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution.[9][10] However, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[11]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they are required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions are allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials--deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils--. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[9][10]

Members of the European Parliament

Members of the European Parliament for Spain 1987-present
Parliament Election Distribution
2nd 1987
1 3 1 28 7 3 17
3rd 1989
1 4 1 1 1 27 1 5 2 15 2
4th 1994
9 22 2 3 28
5th 1999
1 1 4 24 2 2 3 27
6th 2004
2 1 25 2 24
7th 2009
2 1 21 1 2 23
2011[a]
2 1 23 1 3 24
8th 2014
1 6 5 1 2 14 4 2 3 16
9th 2019
3 6 20 1 2 7 12 3
2020[b]
3 6 21 1 3 8 13 4

Elections

1987

The 1987 election was the first European election for Spain.

1989

The 1989 European election was the third election to the European Parliament and the second for Spain.

1994

The 1994 European election was the fourth election to the European Parliament and the third for Spain.

1999

The 1999 European election was the fifth election to the European Parliament and the fourth for Spain.

2004

The 2004 European election was the sixth election to the European Parliament and the fifth for Spain.

2009

The 2009 European election was the seventh election to the European Parliament and the sixth for Spain.

2014

The 2014 European election was the eighth election to the European Parliament and the seventh for Spain.

2019

The 2019 European election was the ninth election to the European Parliament and the eighth for Spain.

Notes

  1. ^ Once the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2011, Spain's MEP delegation was increased from 50 to 54 and applied retroactively.
  2. ^ As a result of Brexit, Spain's MEP delegation may grow to 59, with the additional 5 seats being allocated to PSOE (1), PP (1), Cs (1), Vox (1) and Junts (1).

References

  1. ^ "Treaty concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic to the European Economic Community and to the European Atomic Energy Community". of15 November 1985. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "Decision amending the Act concerning the election of the representatives of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage, annexed to Council Decision 76/787/ECSC, EEC, Euratom of 20 September 1976". Council DecisionNo. 93/81/Euratom, ECSC, EECof9 February 1993. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts". of10 November 1997. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ "Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts". of10 March 2001. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community". of17 December 2007. Official Journal of the European Union. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "EUOBSERVER : France, Spain set to gain seats in post-Brexit EU parliament". FOCUS Information Agency (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "MEPs to vote on shrinking Parliament post Brexit". POLITICO. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ a b "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic LawNo. 5of19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". www.juntaelectoralcentral.es. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

External links


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Spain_(European_Parliament_constituency)
 



 



 
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