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The titles and styles of the Royal Family are as follows:
The occupant of the throne is the King (Spanish: el Rey) or the Queen (Spanish: la Reina), together with other titles pertaining to the Crown or belonging to members of the royal family. They are styled His or Her Majesty.
The King's wife bears the title of Queen (consort) with the style Her Majesty.
A monarch's children besides the Prince or Princess of Asturias, as well as the children of the Prince or Princess, bear the title of Infante or Infanta and use the style Royal Highness. The children of an Infante or Infanta have the rank (but not the title) of Grandees and the style of Excellency.
Spouses and widows/widowers of the monarch's sons and daughters, other than those of the Prince or Princess of Asturias, are entitled to the form of address and honours the monarch may grant them.
The sovereign may also grant the dignity of Infante or Infanta with the style of Highness.
Infanta Cristina, born 13 June 1965, is the second child and younger daughter of King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía. She married Iñaki Urdangarin Liebaert on 4 October 1997, and they separated in January 2022. Infanta Cristina and Iñaki Urdangarin have four children:
Don Juan Urdangarín y Borbón (born 29 September 1999)
Don Pablo Urdangarín y Borbón (born 6 December 2000)
Don Miguel Urdangarín y Borbón (born 30 April 2002)
Doña Irene Urdangarín y Borbón (born 5 June 2005)
King Felipe's aunt, the late Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz, had five children with her husband Luis Gómez-Acebo y Duque de Estrada, 2nd Viscount of La Torre. The children of the Duchess and the Viscount are:
Doña Simoneta Gómez-Acebo y Borbón (born 31 October 1968)
The Viscount of La Torre (born 6 December 1969)
Don Bruno Gómez-Acebo y Borbón (born 15 June 1971)
Don Luis Gómez-Acebo y Borbón (born 20 May 1973)
Don Fernando Gómez-Acebo y Borbón (born 13 September 1974)
The Duke of Soria and Hernani was born on 9 October 1943 as the son of Carlos Zurita y González-Vidalte and María del Carmen Delgado y Fernández de Santaella. The Duchess and Duke of Soria have two children:
Don Alfonso Zurita y Borbón (born 9 August 1973)
Doña María Zurita y Borbón (born 16 September 1975)
Members of the Spanish Royal Family are often asked by non-profitcharitable, cultural, or religious organizations within and without Spain to become their patrons, a role the Spanish constitution recognizes and codified in Title II Article 62 (j). It is incumbent for the monarch "to exercise the High Patronage of the Royal Academies". Royal patronage conveys a sense of official credibility as the organization is scrutinized for suitability. A royal presence often greatly raises the profile of the organization and attracts media publicity and public interest that the organization may not have otherwise garnered, aiding in the charitable cause or cultural event. Royalty make use of their considerable celebrity to assist the organization to raise funds or to promote government policy.
Additionally, members of the royal family may also pursue their own charitable and cultural interests. Queen Sofía devotes much of her time to the Queen Sofia Foundation (Fundación Reina Sofía); while Leonor, Princess of Asturias presents the annual Princess of Asturias Awards (Premios Princesa de Asturias), which aims to promote "scientific, cultural and humanistic values that form part of mankind's universal heritage." The Princess of Asturias Foundation (Fundación Princesa de Asturias) holds the annual Princess of Asturias Awards acknowledging the contributions of individuals, entities, and/or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, or public affairs.
King Juan Carlos, Queen Sofia, and Infanta Cristina are all members of the Bilderberg Group, an informal think-tank centered on United States and European relations, and other world issues.
^Bernecker, Walther (January 1998). "Monarchy and Democracy: The Political Role of King Juan Carlos in the Spanish Transición". Journal of Contemporary History. 33 (1): 65-84. doi:10.1177/003200949803300104. S2CID157966975.
^Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser XV. "Spanien". C.A. Starke Verlag, 1997, pp. 20, 100-101. (in German) ISBN978-3-79800-814-4