Sraddhadeva Manu
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Sraddhadeva Manu

Vaivasvata Manu
Manu
Matsya helping Vaivasvata Manu and the seven sages escape from the time of Deluge
PredecessorChaksusa Manu
SuccessorSavarni Manu
Personal information
Parents
SpouseShraddha
ChildrenIkshvaku, Dhrishta, Narishyanta, Dishta, Nriga, Karusha, Saryati, Nabhaga, Pranshu, Prisadhra and Ila

In Hindu mythology, Vaivasvata Manu, also referred to as Shraddhadeva and Satyavrata, is the current manu--the progenitor of humans. He is the seventh of the 14 manus of the current kalpa (aeon) of Hindu cosmology.

Forewarned about the flood by the matsya avatara of Vishnu, he saved mankind by building a boat that carried his family and the saptarishi to safety. He is the son of Vivasvana.[1]

Ancestry

According to the Puranas, the genealogy of Shraddhadeva is as follows:[2]

  1. Brahma
  2. Marichi, one of the 10 Prajapatis created by Brahma.
  3. Kashyapa, son of Marichi and his thirteen wives, among which Aditi, Diti, and Kala are prominent. Kashyapa is regarded as one of the progenitors of humanity.
  4. Vivasvan or Surya, son of Kashyapa and Aditi.
  5. Vaivasvata Manu, because he is the son of Vivasvan and Saranyu (Sa?jñ?). He is also known as Satyavrata and Shraddhadeva.

The Great Deluge

Shraddhadeva was the king of the Dravida Kingdom during the epoch of the Matsya Purana.[3] According to the Matsya Purana, Matsya, the avatar of Vishnu, first appeared as a shaphari (a small carp) to Shraddhadeva while he washed his hands in a river flowing down the Malaya Mountains.[4]

The little fish asked the king to save him, and out of compassion, he put it in a water jar. It kept growing bigger and bigger, until the king first put it in a bigger pitcher, and then deposited it in a well. When the well also proved insufficient for the ever-growing fish, the King placed it in a tank (reservoir), that was two yojanas (16 miles) in height above the surface and on land, as much in length, and a yojana (8 miles) in breadth.[5][6] As it grew further, the king had to put the fish in a river, and when even the river proved insufficient, he placed it in the ocean, after which it nearly filled the vast expanse of the great ocean.

It was then that Vishnu, revealing himself, informed the king of an all-destructive deluge which would be coming very soon.[7][8][9] The king built a huge boat which housed his family, saptarishi, nine types of seeds, and animals to repopulate the earth, after the deluge would end and the oceans and seas would recede. At the time of deluge, Vishnu appeared as a horned fish and Shesha appeared as a rope, with which the king fastened the boat to the horn of the fish.[10]

The boat was perched after the deluge on the top of the highest peak of Himavat called Naubandhana.[11][12] After the deluge, Manu's family and the seven sages repopulated the earth. According to Purana, Manu's story occur before 28 chaturyuga in the present Manvantara which is the 7th Manvantara. This amounts to 120 million years ago.[13][14][15]

This narrative is similar to other flood myths like the Gilgamesh flood myth and the Genesis flood narrative.[16]

Descendants

Shraddhadeva married Shraddha and had ten children including Ila and Ikshvaku, the progenitors of the Lunar and Solar dynasties, respectively.[17]

The Mahabharata states:[18][19]

And Manu was endowed with great wisdom and devoted to virtue. And he became the progenitor of a line. And in Manu's race have been born all human beings, who have, therefore, been called Manavas. And it is of Manu that all men including Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Sudras, and others have been descended, and are therefore all called Manavas. Subsequently, the Brahmanas became united with the Kshatriyas. And those sons of Manu that were Brahmanas devoted themselves to the study of the Vedas. And Manu begot ten other children named Ikshvaku, Dhrishta, Narishyanta, Dishta, Nriga, Karusha, Saryati, Nabhaga, Pranshu, Prisadhra and a daughter Ila. They all betook themselves to the practices of Kshatriyas (warriors). Besides these, Manu had fifty other sons on Earth. But we heard that they all perished, quarrelling with one another.[20]

Theosophy

Conversation between Manu and B?haspati

In Theosophy, the "Vaivasvata Manu" is one of the most important beings at the highest level of Initiation of the ancient Vedic sages, along with Maitreya, and the Maha Chohan. According to Theosophy, each root race has its own Manu who physically incarnates in an advanced body of an individual of the old root race and physically progenerates with a suitable female partner the first individuals of the new root race.

References

Citations

  1. ^ The Hare Krsnas - The Manus - Manus of the Present Universe
  2. ^ Francis Hamilton (1819). Geneaolgies of the Hindus: extracted from their sacred writings; with an introduction and alphabetical index. "Printed for the author". p. 89.
  3. ^ Alain Daniélou (11 February 2003). A Brief History of India. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-59477-794-3.
  4. ^ David Dean Shulman (1980). Tamil Temple Myths: Sacrifice and Divine Marriage in the South Indian Saiva Tradition. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1-4008-5692-3.
  5. ^ DRISCOLL, Ian Driscoll; KURTZ, Matthew Atlantis: Egyptian Genesis, 2009.
  6. ^ Sacred Texts. Section CLXXXVI
  7. ^ S'rîmad Bhâgavatam (Bhâgavata Purâna)Canto 8 Chapter 24 Text 12
  8. ^ The story of Vedic India as embodied ... - Google Books. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 2010.
  9. ^ Matsya Purana, Ch.I, 10-33
  10. ^ Matsya Purana, Ch.II, 1-19
  11. ^ The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa. Kisari Mohan Ganguli. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. 2000. ISBN 81-215-0594-1. OCLC 45040117.CS1 maint: others (link)
  12. ^ The Matsya Purana Archived 26 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "G. P. Bhatt (ed.), The vayu purana, part-II, 1st ed., 784--789, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.38 of Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1988". Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The kurma-purana, part-I, 1st ed., 47--52, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.20 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981". Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "J. L. Shastri (ed.), The Narada purana, part-II, 1st ed., p. 699, tr. G. V. Tagare. In vol.16 of A.I.T.&M., Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981". Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ Klaus K. Klostermaier (5 July 2007). A Survey of Hinduism: Third Edition. SUNY Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7914-7082-4.
  17. ^ Thapar 2013, p. 308-309.
  18. ^ Mahabharata Book 1:Adi Parva:Sambhava Parva:Section LXXV, p. 183.
  19. ^ The Laws of Manu Archived 17 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine, translated by George Bühler.
  20. ^ Swami Parmeshwaranand (1 January 2001). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Puranas. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 978-81-7625-226-3., p. 638.

Sources


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