Steve Scalise
Get Steve Scalise essential facts below. View Videos or join the Steve Scalise discussion. Add Steve Scalise to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Steve Scalise

Steve Scalise
Steve Scalise 116th Congress official photo.jpg
House Minority Whip

January 3, 2019
LeaderKevin McCarthy
Steny Hoyer
House Majority Whip

August 1, 2014 - January 3, 2019
LeaderJohn Boehner
Paul Ryan
Kevin McCarthy
Jim Clyburn
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st district

May 3, 2008
Bobby Jindal
Member of the Louisiana Senate
from the 9th district

January 14, 2008 - May 6, 2008
Ken Hollis
Conrad Appel
Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
from the 82nd district

January 8, 1996 - January 14, 2008
Quentin Dastugue
Cameron Henry
Personal details
Stephen Joseph Scalise

(1965-10-06) October 6, 1965 (age 55)
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Jennifer Letulle
(m. 2005)
EducationLouisiana State University (BS)
WebsiteHouse website
Party website

Stephen Joseph Scalise (; born October 6, 1965)[1] is an American politician who is the United States House of Representatives minority whip and representative for Louisiana's 1st congressional district, serving since 2008. The district includes most of New Orleans's suburbs, such as Metarie, Kenner and Slidell, as well as a sliver of New Orleans itself. He is a member of the Republican Party[2][3] and was the chair of the conservative House Republican Study Committee.[4]

Before his election to Congress, Scalise served four months in the Louisiana State Senate and twelve years in the Louisiana House of Representatives. On June 19, 2014, Scalise's Republican colleagues elected him majority whip of the United States House of Representatives. He assumed office on August 1. He is the first Louisianian to serve as majority whip since Hale Boggs of Louisiana's 2nd congressional district held the position from 1962 to 1971. In 2017, Scalise became the dean of the Louisiana Congressional delegation upon Senator David Vitter's retirement.

On June 14, 2017, Scalise was shot and seriously wounded during a baseball practice.[5] He underwent treatment for several months, returning to Congress on September 28.

Early life and education

Scalise was born in New Orleans,[6] one of three children of Alfred Joseph Scalise, a real estate broker who died on October 8, 2015, at the age of 77, and the former Carol Schilleci. His siblings are Glenn and Tara Scalise.[7]

Scalise's great-grandparents immigrated to the United States from Italy in the late 1800s.[8] He graduated from Archbishop Rummel High School in Metairie in Jefferson Parish[9] and earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge with a major in computer science and a minor in political science.[10][11] At Louisiana State University, Scalise was a member of the Acacia Fraternity.[12] He serves on the board of the American Italian Renaissance Foundation, servicing the American Italian Cultural Center.

Louisiana Legislature

Republican (formerly Democratic) State Representative Quentin Dastugue made an unsuccessful bid for Governor of Louisiana in 1995, dropping out before the nonpartisan blanket primary. Scalise was recruited by state Republicans to run for Dastugue's District 82 seat in the Louisiana House of Representatives, winning his election bid.[13] Scalise was re-elected to the seat in 1999 and 2003, serving until 2007.[14] His legislative peers named him to the House Appropriations Committee as the representative of the First Congressional District. Scalise opposed the 2002 Stelly Plan, a proposal by Lake Charles Representative Vic Stelly, since enacted and then repealed, to reduce certain state sales taxes on food for home consumption and utilities in exchange for higher state income taxes.[]

Scalise was elected in the October 20, 2007 nonpartisan blanket primary to the District 9 seat in the Louisiana Senate vacated by the term-limited Ken Hollis of Metairie. Scalise received 19,154 votes (61 percent) in a three-way contest. Fellow Republican Polly Thomas, an education professor at the University of New Orleans who subsequently won a special state House election in 2016, polled 8,948 votes (29 percent). A Democrat, David Gereighty, polled 3,154 votes (10 percent) in the heavily Republican-oriented district.[15] Scalise, who was term-limited out of the House, was succeeded in the state House by his aide, Cameron Henry of Metairie.

In the special election on November 4, 2008 to fill the remaining three and one-half years in Scalise's state Senate term, Conrad Appel defeated Polly Thomas, 21,853 (52.1 percent) to 20,065 (47.9 percent). Thomas had also lost the race for the seat in 2007 to Scalise.[16]

U.S. House of Representatives

Scalise with President George W. Bush in 2008
Scalise with President Donald Trump in 2018


2008 special election

In 2004, Scalise announced that he would run for the 1st congressional district, but deferred to the preference of party leaders and supported Bobby Jindal, who won the position vacated by the successful U.S. senatorial candidate, David Vitter.

In 2007, when Jindal was elected to the governorship of Louisiana, Scalise announced his intentions to seek the House seat again. This time he received Republican party backing.

Scalise's main opponent in the Republican primary-the real contest in this heavily Republican district-was fellow state representative State Representative Timothy G. "Tim" Burns from Mandeville in St. Tammany Parish. Burns accused Scalise of push polling, a practice in which a campaign contacts voters by telephone and asks probing questions which leave a negative impression of his opponent. Scalise defended his poll from criticism by Burns: "We were running a public opinion survey this week conducted by the largest Republican polling firm in the country, Public Opinion Strategies. . . . conducted with a sample of 300 people, and it shows Scalise at 57 percent, Burns at 26 percent and undecided at 17 percent The margin of error is 5.6 percent. We ran a fact-based public opinion survey, not a push poll."[17]

In the March 8, 2008, Republican primary, Scalise polled 16,799 votes (48 percent). He went on to win the runoff election on April 5 against Burns, who received 9,631 votes (28 percent) in the initial primary.[18][19]

In the May 3 general election, Scalise received 33,867 votes (75.13 percent) to Democrat Gilda Reed's 10,142 ballots (22.5 percent). Two minor candidates polled the remaining 2.36 percent of the vote. Reed was a favorite of organized labor and the Democratic constituency groups. The First District has been Republican since 1977, when Bob Livingston won a special election.[20]

Scalise was sworn in on May 7, 2008.[21]

2008 general election

In the regularly scheduled election, Scalise was reelected over Democrat Jim Harlan, 66 percent to 34 percent.[22]


Scalise defeated the Democratic nominee, Myron Katz, and an Independent, Arden Wells, in his 2010 bid for reelection.[23]


In June 2009, Scalise joined Dan Kyle, the former legislative auditor and the treasurer of the Louisiana GOP, as directors of a national presidential fund-raising effort promoting Governor Jindal. According to Kyle, the group hoped to raise $60 million to persuade Jindal to seek the 2012 party nomination.[24] Others on the committee include former State Representative Woody Jenkins. Former Republican State Senator Tom Schedler of Slidell had his name removed from the group, not because he opposes Jindal but because such fund-raising activity could conflict with Schedler's role at the time as first assistant to Louisiana Secretary of State Jay Dardenne.[24] In 2010, Schedler succeeded Dardenne as secretary of state.

In his own 2012 congressional race, Scalise prevailed with 193,490 votes (66.6 percent) over four opponents, the strongest of whom was the Democrat M. V. "Vinny" Mendoza, who finished with 61,979 votes (21.3 percent). A second Republican, Gary King, received 24,838 votes (8.6 percent). Independent Arden Wells ran again and received 4,285 votes (1.5 percent) in his second race against Scalise.[25]

House Minority Whip

The Republicans lost their majority in the 2018 House of Representatives elections, and Scalise was elected as House Minority Whip, with Kevin McCarthy of California as Minority Leader. While as Majority Whip he was the third-ranking House Republican behind Speaker Paul Ryan and McCarthy, as Minority Whip he is second in command behind McCarthy.[26]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Legislative history

In 2011, Scalise became a co-sponsor of Bill H.R. 3261, otherwise known as the Stop Online Piracy Act (withdrawn January 23, 2012).[30] As chairman of the Republican Study Committee, Scalise dismissed Derek Khanna, a committee staffer, in December 2012 because of pressure from content industry lobbyists after the study committee published a memo advocating copyright reform.[31]

In 2013, Scalise voted against reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act.[32] Also in 2013, Scalise sponsored a bill called the FCC Consolidated Reporting Act. The bill makes the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) consolidate several of their reports into one report.[33]

In December 2017, Scalise voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.[34] Scalise says that the bill will "put more money in the pockets of hard-working families."[35]

Leadership race

In the aftermath of Rep. Eric Cantor's unexpected defeat by Dave Brat on June 10, 2014, Scalise launched a campaign to replace Rep. Kevin McCarthy in the position of Majority Whip of the House; McCarthy himself would replace Cantor as House Majority Leader. Scalise's ascent to leadership built on his "come-from-behind win in 2012 to become chairman" of the Republican Study Committee.[36] Scalise subsequently won a three-way race for whip, winning on the first ballot despite the efforts of fellow candidates Peter Roskam and Marlin Stutzman.[37][38] He came under fire for using the assistance of a federal lobbyist, John Feehery, when hiring staff for the Majority Leader's Press Office.[39]

Political positions

Health care

Scalise opposes the Affordable Care Act. Scalise applauded a Texas district court ruling the Affordable Care Act was unconstitutional in its entirety.[40]

Gun law

Scalise has been an opponent of gun control and was given an "A+ rating" from the National Rifle Association.[41][42] After being shot, and in the wake of the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Scalise said on Meet the Press that he is still a gun rights supporter: "Don't try to put new laws in place that don't fix these problems. They only make it harder for law-abiding citizens to own a gun." Scalise has described the Second Amendment as "unlimited".[43]

In 2018, Scalise co-sponsored a bill to "strengthen school safety and security", which required a two-thirds vote for passage given that it was brought up under an expedited process known as Suspension of the Rules. The House voted 407-10 to approve the bill, which would "provide $50 million a year for a new federal grant program to train students, teachers and law enforcement on how to spot and report signs of gun violence". Named STOP (Students, Teachers, and Officers Preventing) School Violence Act, it would "develop anonymous telephone and online systems where people could report threats of violence." At the same time, it would authorize $25 million for schools to improve and harden their security, such as installing new locks, lights, metal detectors and panic buttons. A separate spending bill would be required to provide money for the grant program.[44]


Scalise supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order temporarily banning on citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the U.S. He stated, "It's very prudent to say, 'Let's be careful about who comes into our country to make sure that they're not terrorists.'"[45]


Scalise opposes the legalization of marijuana, which he deems a gateway drug for other drugs. He has a "D" rating from National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes.[46]

LGBT issues

According to the Washington Blade, Scalise has one of "the most anti-LGBT reputations of any lawmaker". He opposed the repeal of the US military's Don't Ask Don't Tell policy and including sexuality under hate crime legislation.[clarification needed] He also opposes same-sex marriage, having praised the 2014 Robicheaux v. Caldwell ruling. Scalise's voting record has a zero rating from the LGBT advocacy group Human Rights Campaign.[47]

Other events

Speech at white nationalist convention

In 2002, Scalise was a speaker at a convention for the European-American Unity and Rights Organization (EURO), a group which was founded by David Duke. This became known in 2014 after political blogger[48][49] Lamar White, Jr. uncovered anonymous comments from 2002 on Stormfront, a white supremacist website, which made reference to Scalise as a 2002 speaker at the convention.[48][50][51][52][53][54] Scalise confirmed that he had spoken at the EURO conference in 2002 and stated at the time he did not know of the "racist nature of the group". Scalise said he spoke about state tax legislation and that EURO was "one of the many groups that I spoke to regarding this critical legislation," further stating that this is a group "whose views I wholeheartedly condemn." Scalise apologized for speaking to the group, saying, "It was a mistake I regret, and I emphatically oppose the divisive racial and religious views groups like these hold."[49]

Various Louisiana politicians, including Republican Governor Bobby Jindal and Democratic Congressman Cedric Richmond, defended Scalise's character.[55] Speaker of the House John Boehner voiced his continued confidence in Scalise as Majority Whip.[50][56] Several Democratic members of Congress, as well as Mo Elleithee, a spokesperson for the Democratic National Committee (DNC), criticized Scalise and challenged his statement that he was not aware of the group's affiliation with racism and anti-Semitism.[57] Mark Potok of the Southern Poverty Law Center called upon Scalise to step down from his leadership position as Majority Whip.[58][59][60]

Congressional baseball shooting

On June 14, 2017, at 7:09am EDT, Scalise and three other people were shot and wounded by James Hodgkinson, a left-wing extremist with a record of domestic violence,[5][61] who opened fire with a rifle during a baseball practice of the Republican team for the annual Congressional Baseball Game. The practice was taking place at the Eugene Simpson Baseball Fields in the Del Ray neighborhood of Alexandria, Virginia. Scalise, the only member of Congress to be hit, was shot in the hip. Representative Mo Brooks, who was also at the practice, witnessed the attack and said he saw someone with a rifle behind the third base dugout. Brooks then heard Scalise scream from second base. Scalise crawled into right field, bleeding. Senator Jeff Flake and Representative Brad Wenstrup, a former podiatrist, ran to assist Scalise after Hodgkinson was shot.[62][63] Senator Rand Paul, also a witness, said he heard "as many as 50 shots".[64]

Scalise, initially conscious, went into shock while being taken to MedStar Washington Hospital Center[65][66] in critical condition, where he underwent immediate surgery. Scalise was hit by a single rifle bullet that "travelled across his pelvis, fracturing bones, injuring internal organs, and causing severe bleeding".[65] Dr. Jack Sava at the MedStar Washington Hospital Center said that "when he arrived, he was in critical condition with an imminent risk of death". By June 16, although still in critical condition, Sava said, "We have controlled internal bleeding and his vital signs have stabilized." On June 17, it was announced that his condition had improved to "serious" and he was responsive enough to talk with his family.[67] On June 21, the hospital issued a press release, stating, "Congressman Steve Scalise continues to make good progress. He is now listed in fair condition and is beginning an extended period of healing and rehabilitation."[68][69]

On July 5, 2017, Scalise was returned to the intensive care unit after becoming ill with an infection related to the shooting.[70]

On July 13, 2017, it was reported that Scalise had undergone additional surgery and that his condition had been upgraded to fair.[71] He was discharged from the hospital on July 26 and went through a period of inpatient rehabilitation.[72] On September 28, to applause and cheers, he returned to the House of Representatives, where he gave a speech about his experience related to the traumatic events.[73]

Hodgkinson, 66, was killed by police at the scene. He was married and lived in Belleville, Illinois, where he owned a small business doing home inspections, mold testing, and air-quality testing. He had encounters with police involving violence or firearms in 2006 and 2017; he was registered as a firearms owner in Illinois. In January 2017 he closed down his business. In the months before the shooting he was living in a car near the Alexandria baseball field and regularly visited a nearby YMCA.[74] He was a Bernie Sanders supporter and volunteer, and a fierce critic of the Republican Party and Donald Trump on social media, in letters to the editor, and in phone calls to his local representative.[5][61] Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring concluded the suspect was "fueled by rage against Republican legislators" and the shooting was "an act of terrorism."[75]

2018 threats

On June 30, 2018, a man left death threats against Scalise and his family.[76] The suspect, Carlos Bayon, was later convicted, and sentenced to five years in prison. He is appealing his conviction.[77]

Ady Barkan video

In 2020 Scalise spread a video that was doctored to depict the political activist Ady Barkan, who is disabled and uses a speech-generating device, asking 2020 presidential candidate Joe Biden if he supported defunding police, to which Biden appeared to reply in the affirmative. Barkan asked Scalise to delete the video, which was flagged by Twitter as manipulated media, and apologize. Scalise deleted the video, while his spokesperson said that editing the video in this manner was within "common practice."[78][79]

Texas v. Pennsylvania

In December 2020, Scalise was one of 126 Republican members of the House of Representatives who signed an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court and joined in by 17 other states contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election, in which Joe Biden prevailed[80] over incumbent Donald Trump. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of the election held by another state (Justice Alito and Justice Thomas dissenting).[81][82][83]

2021 storming of the Capitol and aftermath

Scalise condemned the Capitol riot as terrorism and compared it to the Congressional baseball shooting. "It would ... be naive to think the [2017] shooter arrived at his decision in a vacuum", Scalise said, adding, "It would be equally naive to think that the Capitol rioters arrived at their decisions in a void. Violent rhetoric helps radicalize people. Republicans and Democrats alike must have the moral clarity to call this language out whenever it is spoken, not only when it comes from the other side of the political aisle."[84]

In February 2021, more than a month after Joe Biden's inauguration, Scalise refused to acknowledge that the election was not stolen or fraudulent.[85] In May 2021, Scalise called for the ouster of Liz Cheney as House Republican Conference Chair due to her vote to impeach Trump for inciting a mob to storm the U.S. Capitol.[86] On May 19, 2021, Scalise and the seven other House Republican leaders voted against establishing a national commission to investigate the January 6, 2021, attack on the United States Capitol Complex. Thirty-five House Republicans and all 217 Democrats present voted to establish such a commission.[87][88]

House Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis

Scalise was the ranking Republican on the House Select Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Crisis during the May 19, 2021, hearings involving Emergent BioSolutions founder Faud El-Hibiri and its CEO Robert G. Kramer.[89][90][91][92][93][94][95]

Personal life

Scalise married Jennifer Ann Letulle on April 9, 2005.[96] They have two children.[97]

See also


  1. ^ Printing, Congress (U S. ) Joint Committee on (March 30, 2016). Official Congressional Directory 114th Congress, 2015-2016, Convened January 2015. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160929977 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ "Current House Floor Proceedings Legislative Day of May 7, 2008 110th Congress - Second Session". Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "Office of the clerk, U.S. House of Representative". May 7, 2008. Archived from the original on June 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "Deborah Barfield Berry, With Alexander departing, delegation's clout in question? Will Alexander loss, Senate battle hurt Louisiana in the nation's capital?". Shreveport Times. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Laughland, Oliver; Swaine, Jon (June 15, 2017). "Virginia shooting: gunman was leftwing activist with record of domestic violence". The Guardian. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Viebeck, Elise (October 7, 2015). "Who is Steve Scalise, the Republican running for House Majority Leader?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "Alfred Joseph Scalise". The Times-Picayune. October 9, 2015. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ O'Hara, Mary Emily (June 14, 2017). "Who Is Rep. Steve Scalise, House Majority Whip Wounded in Alexandria Shooting?". NBC News. Retrieved 2021.
  9. ^ Broach, Drew. "Steve Scalise, Rummel's alumnus of the year, recalls how Metairie school nurtured his faith".
  10. ^ "Steve Scalise gives LSU graduates a lesson in politics: Stay civil, look to cooperate". Associated Press.
  11. ^ Pierce, Charles (July 8, 2013). "Home / Blogs / The Politics Blog The Politics Blog The Republicans' New Debt Ceiling "Menu"". Esquire. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ Notable Acacians -- Acacia Fraternity
  13. ^ Bridges, Tyler (May 7, 2015). "Steve Scalise, Take Two". Politico. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ Scalise, Steve J. Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  15. ^ "Scalise cruising to victory in the 9th Senate District". Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State, November 4, 2008, election results: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 28, 2008. Retrieved 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Scalise defends integrity of GOP runoff survey". Retrieved 2014.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State Unofficial Election Results Inquiry Results for Election Date: 4/05/08[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ " ELECTIONS section". Archived from the original on June 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  20. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State-Multi-Parish Elections Inquiry Archived September 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Steve Scalise's career". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ "Steve Scalise coasts to congressional victory". Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Scalise cruises to easy victory in 1st Congressional District race". Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Michelle Millhollon, "Official pulls out of Jindal group", June 16, 2009". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Retrieved 2009.
  25. ^ "Louisiana election returns, November 6, 2012". Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  26. ^ Jacob Pramuk (November 14, 2018). "Rep. Kevin McCarthy elected GOP leader in the House for next Congress". CNBC.
  27. ^ Schultz, Marisa (May 7, 2020). "Steve Scalise will be top Republican on new coronavirus committee". Fox News. Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ "Membership". Republican Study Committee. December 6, 2017. Retrieved 2021.
  30. ^ Bill H.R.3261 Archived March 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine;;
  31. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (December 6, 2012). "Staffer axed by Republican group over retracted copyright-reform memo". Ars Technica. Condé Nast Publications. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  32. ^ Trotter, J. K. (February 28, 2013). "Here's Who Voted Against the Violence Against Women Act". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on March 2, 2013.
  33. ^ Harrison, Julie, "Scalise's FCC consolidation bill sails through House" Archived January 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The Ripon Advance, 9-12-13. (Retrieved 9-12-13).
  34. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah (December 19, 2017). "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  35. ^ Rampbell, Catherine. "You own this tax bill, Republicans. Good luck.: Catherine Rampell". Go Erie. Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ Joachim, David S., "Louisianan Seeks to Extend Rapid Rise in House G.O.P." Archived November 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New York Times, June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  37. ^ Parker, Ashley, and Jeremy W. Peters, "House Republicans Name McCarthy as Cantor's Replacement" Archived October 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New York Times, June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  38. ^ Sherman, Jake; Bresnahan, John; Palmer, Anna (June 19, 2014). "Inside the House GOP leadership shake-up". Politico. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  39. ^ Palmer, Anna; Sherman, Jake. "To pick staff, Scalise turns to lobbyist". Politico. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ Demko, Paul; Cancryn, Adam. "GOP feels heat in wake of Obamacare ruling: 'It's all the downsides'". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018.
  41. ^ Beckett, Lois (June 14, 2017). "Steve Scalise: Republican wounded in baseball shooting is key figure in House". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on July 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ "Th irony of Scalise and Gun Control". Daily Kos. Archived from the original on June 17, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ Ruiz, Michelle. "Gunned Down at Baseball Practice and Saved by a Lesbian Cop, Rep. Steve Scalise Remains Pro-Gun and Anti-LGBTQ". Vogue. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  44. ^ Zanona, Melanie. "House passes school safety bill amid gun protests". The Hill. Retrieved 2018.
  45. ^ Blake, Aaron. "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Denver Post. Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Louisiana Scorecard". NORML. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ Johnson, Chris (June 14, 2017). "Rep. Scalise among victims in Va. shooting". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. Archived from the original on October 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  48. ^ a b Costa, Robert. "House Majority Whip Scalise confirms he spoke to white nationalists in 2002". Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  49. ^ a b Martin, Jonathan & Calmes, Jackie (December 31, 2014). "Republicans Try to Fix Damage Scalise's 2002 Speech Could Do in 2016". New York Times. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  50. ^ a b Jaffe, Alexandra & Walsh, Deirdra (December 31, 2014). "GOP leadership stands by Scalise after white supremacist speech". CNN. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  51. ^ Sarlin, Benjy (December 29, 2014). "GOP leader Steve Scalise may have addressed supremacist conference". MSNBC. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  52. ^ Reilly, Mollie & Grim, Ryan (December 29, 2014). "House Majority Whip Steve Scalise Spoke At White Supremacist Conference In 2002". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  53. ^ "House Majority Whip Steve Scalise Was Reportedly an Honored Guest at 2002 International White Supremacist Convention". Archived from the original on December 29, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  54. ^ Calderone, Michael (December 30, 2014). "How Louisiana Blogger Lamar White, Jr. Landed The Steve Scalise White Supremacist Scoop". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  55. ^ O'Donoghue, Julia (December 29, 2014). "Steve Scalise attended white nationalist event, but says he wasn't aware of group's views". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  56. ^ Jennifer Bendery (December 30, 2014). "John Boehner Backs Steve Scalise Amid Controversy Over White Supremacist Meeting". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  57. ^ Benjy Sarlin (March 19, 2015). "Steve Scalise: Speaking at supremacist event 'a mistake I regret'". MSNBC. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014.
  58. ^ Berman, Mark (December 30, 2014). "SPLC calls for congressman who spoke to white supremacist group to step down from leadership". Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. Retrieved 2014.
  59. ^ Scileifstein, Mark (December 30, 2014). "Steve Scalise denials not believable and he should resign as whip, civil rights group says". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on March 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  60. ^ Sullivan, Peter (December 20, 2014). "Civil rights group: Scalise must go". The HIll. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  61. ^ a b Pearce, Matt; Tanfani, Joseph. "Virginia gunman hated Republicans, and 'was always in his own little world'". Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ "Scalise critical, shooter ID'd as James Hodgkinson". Fox News. Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  63. ^ Karl de Vries and Eugene Scott. "Rep. Scalise shot in Virginia". CNN. Archived from the original on June 14, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  64. ^ "Republican Steve Scalise Shot at Alexandria Baseball Practice". Newsweek. June 14, 2017.
  65. ^ a b David Choi (June 16, 2017). "Scalise doctor: He came in with an 'imminent risk of death,' recovery now a good possibility". - Business Insider. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  66. ^ "Steve Scalise facing more surgeries, hospital update says". Archived from the original on June 15, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  67. ^ "Scalise Shooting: GOP congressman upgraded from 'critical' to 'serious' condition". Fox News. June 17, 2017. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  68. ^ "Condition Update: Rep. Steve Scalise". MedStar Washington Hospital Center. June 21, 2017. Archived from the original on July 13, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  69. ^ Howard, Jacqueline (June 21, 2017). "Rep. Steve Scalise is now in 'fair' condition after shooting". CNN. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  70. ^ Choi, David (July 6, 2017). "Rep. Steve Scalise re-admitted to intensive care unit". Fox News. Archived from the original on July 6, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  71. ^ "Rep. Steve Scalise has new operation after shooting, condition fair". NBC News. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  72. ^ "Scalise discharged from hospital". CNN. Archived from the original on July 26, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  73. ^ "Steve Scalise returns to Capitol". CBS. Archived from the original on October 9, 2017.
  74. ^ Pagliery, Jose (June 15, 2017). "Suspect in congressional shooting was Bernie Sanders supporter, strongly anti-Trump". CNN. Retrieved 2020.
  75. ^
  76. ^ DeBonis, Mike (August 2, 2018). "N.Y. man charged with threatening top House GOP leaders over Trump immigration policy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018. Hey listen, this message is for you and the people that sent you there," Bayon allegedly said in the message to Scalise. "You are taking ours, we are taking yours. Anytime, anywhere. We know where they are. We are not going to feed them sandwiches; we are going to feed them lead. Make no mistake you will pay. Ojo por ojo, diente por diente. ["An eye for an eye; a tooth for a tooth."] That is our law and we are the majority. Have a good day.
  77. ^ "The Latest: Atty: Man says messages weren't meant as threats". ABC News. Retrieved 2021.
  78. ^ McCarthy, Tom (August 31, 2020). "Activist Ady Barkan tells top Republican to apologise over doctored video". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020.
  79. ^ O'Sullivan, Donie; Mucha, Sarah; Clary, Greg (August 31, 2020). "Twitter labels Scalise tweet of Biden interview about police funding 'manipulated media' before he took it down". CNN. Retrieved 2020.
  80. ^ Blood, Michael R.; Riccardi, Nicholas (December 5, 2020). "Biden officially secures enough electors to become president". AP News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  81. ^ Liptak, Adam (December 11, 2020). "Supreme Court Rejects Texas Suit Seeking to Subvert Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  82. ^ "Order in Pending Case" (PDF). Supreme Court of the United States. December 11, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  83. ^ Diaz, Daniella. "Brief from 126 Republicans supporting Texas lawsuit in Supreme Court". CNN. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  84. ^ Axelrod, Tal (January 13, 2021). "Scalise labels Capitol rioting 'domestic terrorism'". TheHill. Retrieved 2021.
  85. ^ "PolitiFact - Steve Scalise won't say election was not stolen. Who else won't?". PolitiFact. February 24, 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  86. ^ Holzberg, Melissa. "Steve Scalise Supports Replacing Cheney With Stefanik". Forbes. Retrieved 2021.
  87. ^ Roll Call 154 Bill Number: H. R. 3233 117th Congress, 1st Session, United States House of Representatives, May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  88. ^ How Republicans voted on a commission to investigate the Jan. 6 Capitol riot, Washington Post, May 19, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  89. ^ Before the pandemic, top contractor received billions from government to help prepare the nation for biowarfare
  90. ^ Factory Mix-Up Ruins Up to 15 Million Vaccine Doses From Johnson & Johnson
  91. ^ Congressional investigation launched into Emergent BioSolutions' federal vaccine contracts
  92. ^ The leaders of Emergent, whose factory spoiled vaccine doses, will testify before a U.S. House panel.
  93. ^ Troubled coronavirus vaccine maker and its founder gave $2 million in political donations
  94. ^ Emergent BioSolutions' Executives to Testify Before Select Subcommittee on Vaccine Failures
  95. ^ Maloney and Clyburn Launch Investigation into Emergent BioSolutions' Profits and Performance Under Federal Vaccine Contracts
  96. ^ "Marriage Annacouments". Times Picayune. 2006. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  97. ^ Alpert, Bruce, "You can call him 'Mr. Majority Whip' - Rep. Steve Scalise wins House leadership race", Times-Picayune, June 19, 2014. "... [W]ife, Jennifer, and children Madison and Harrison"; caption. Retrieved June 19, 2014.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bobby Jindal
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st congressional district

Preceded by
Kevin McCarthy
House Majority Whip
Succeeded by
Jim Clyburn
Preceded by
Steny Hoyer
House Minority Whip
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Jordan
Chair of the Republican Study Committee
Succeeded by
Rob Woodall
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Jackie Speier
United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Gerry Connolly

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes