An aerial view of Ämmänsaari, an administrative center of Suomussalmi
Location of Suomussalmi in Finland
|o Municipal manager||Erno Heikkinen|
|o Total||5,857.60 km2 (2,261.63 sq mi)|
|o Land||5,270.56 km2 (2,034.97 sq mi)|
|o Water||587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi)|
|Area rank||9th largest in Finland|
|o Rank||129th largest in Finland|
|o Density||1.44/km2 (3.7/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|o Finnish||98.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|o 0 to 14||10.1%|
|o 15 to 64||52%|
|o 65 or older||37.9%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.5%|
Suomussalmi (Finnish: ['suo?mu?s:?lmi]) is a municipality in Finland and is located in the Kainuu region about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Kajaani, the capital of Kainuu. The municipality has a population of 7,583 (31 March 2021) and covers an area of 5,857.60 square kilometres (2,261.63 sq mi) of which 587.03 km2 (226.65 sq mi) is water. The population density is 1.44 inhabitants per square kilometre (3.7/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. Ämmänsaari is the biggest built-up area in the municipality.
Suomussalmi is the second southernmost part of the reindeer-herding area in Finland.
During the Winter War of 1939-40, several battles were fought in the area around Suomussalmi, the most important ones being the Battle of Suomussalmi and the Battle of Raate. In these battles Finnish forces defeated numerically superior Soviet forces.
Formula One racing driver Heikki Kovalainen is from Suomussalmi, as well as the author Ilmari Kianto and the composer Osmo Tapio Räihälä, in addition to the ice hockey player, Janne Pesonen. Also, the first President of the Republic of Finland, K. J. Ståhlberg, was born in the Karhula rectory (Karhulan pappila) in Suomussalmi.
Suomussalmi hosted the 2016 World Berry Picking Championship.
Alajärvi, Ala-Vuokki, Hossa, Jumaliskylä, Juntusranta, Kaljuskylä, Kerälä, Kiannanniemi, Korpela, Korvua, Kuivajärvi, Kurimo, Lomakylä, Myllylahti, Näljänkä, Näätälä, Peranka, Pesiökylä, Pesiönlahti, Piispajärvi, Pisto, Pitämä, Pyhäkylä, Raate, Ruhtinansalmi, Sakara, Selkoskylä, Siikaranta, Suomussalmi (Kirkonkylä), Tervakangas, Vaaranniva, Vasara, Vuokki, Yli-Vuokki and Ämmänsaari (administrative center).
Kuivajärvi and Hietajärvi, located close to the Russian border, are rare villages because they have long belonged to the poetic villages of White Karelia, and the Karelian language, Viena Karelian, has traditionally been spoken in the area.
Highway 5 (E63) comes from Hyrynsalmi via Suomussalmi to Kuusamo. The rest of the municipality's most important roads are mainly smaller regional roads; regional road 912 from Kuhmo comes to Suomussalmi, regional road 843 from Palovaara to Suomussalmi continues to Kuusamo's Poussuu, regional road 892 runs from Suomussalmi through Korpikylä and Kytömäki to Hyrynsalmi, regional road 897 takes you from Alajärvi from Suomussalmi via Hattuvaara to Yli-Näljänkä, and connecting road 9125 or Raatteentie (also included parts of the current regional road 912) is a connecting road from Raatteenportti to Raate in the municipality of Suomussalmi, which was named after the Battle of Raate in 1940.
Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Suomussalmi:
Suomussalmi is twinned with:
Media related to Suomussalmi at Wikimedia Commons