Tal%C4%81l Bin %CA%BFAbdullah Al Rashid
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Tal%C4%81l Bin %CA%BFAbdullah Al Rashid

Talal bin Abdullah Al Rashid
Emir of Jabal Shammar
PredecessorAbdullah bin Rashid
SuccessorMutaib bin Abdullah
Died11 March 1868 (aged 44–45)
Talal bin Abdullah bin Ali
HouseRashidi dynasty
FatherAbdullah bin Ali Al Rashid

Talal bin Abdullah Al Rashid (1823-11 March 1868) was the second ruler of the Emirate of Jabal Shammar.[1] Although he committed suicide, he was a skilful ruler.[2][3] Unlike his predecessor and father, Abdullah, who was named sheikh, the rulers of Jabal Shammar began to be referred to as emirs with the reign of Talal.[1] In addition, he managed to create a state-like administration in the Emirate which had been based on the tribal alliance during the reign of Abdullah.[4]

Early life

Talal bin Abdullah was born in 1823.[5] He was the eldest of Abdullah Al Rashid's three sons, and Talal's brothers were Mutaib and Mohammad.[6]


Talal succeeded his father in 1848 without any dispute in the family.[4][7] In addition his succession was supported by the locals.[4]

Qassim region was partially controlled by the Emirate of Jabal Shammar during his reign when the leaders of Qassimi tribes asked him to protect them from the Emirate of Nejd.[8] The alliance between the Rashidis and the Ottoman Empire also started during the reign of Talal bin Abdullah when the route of Hajj from Iraq to Mecca was made safe for Ottomans.[8] They also began to mention the name of the Ottoman Sultan as Caliph in Friday prayers.[8] In addition, Talal bin Abdullah was very careful of not experiencing any conflict with the Ottomans and declared that he ruled the Emirate on behalf of the Caliph.[8] He was very tolerant for Shia Muslims and Jews who were allowed by him to reside and work in Hail although they should pay large amount of taxes.[9][10] He used such revenues and other earnings to complete a palace and a fortress which his father Abdullah Al Rashid began to built in the Bazargan area of Hail.[9] The Emirate of Jabal Shammar paid an annual levy to the Emirate of Nejd, and Talal bin Abdullah had good relations with the Emirs, Faisal bin Turki and then his successor, Abdullah bin Faisal.[9] In the 1860s Faisal bin Shalaan occupied Al Jouf region which had been under Talal's rule.[11]

Talal's reign lasted until 11 March 1868 when he committed suicide with a pistol.[6][12] The reason for the suicide was his illness, possibly ulcer, that he thought cureless.[6] Following his death his younger brother Mutaib bin Abdullah became the Emir of Jabal Shammar and briefly ruled the Emirate between March and July 1868.[6][12]

Personal life

Talal married three women from Rashidis and one woman from Saudis.[7] The latter was Noura, daughter of Abdullah bin Faisal, Emir of Nejd.[13] There is also another report arguing that he married a daughter of Faisal bin Turki, another Najdi emir.[5] Talal had seven sons, including Bandar, Badr and Nayef.[6][14] The former also served as the Emir in 1869,[6] but soon he was killed by his uncle, Muhammad bin Abdullah.[12]


  1. ^ a b Christopher Keesee Mellon (May 2015). "Resiliency of the Saudi Monarchy: 1745-1975" (Master's Project). The American University of Beirut. Beirut. p. 48. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ Joseph A. Kechichian (2001). Succession in Saudi Arabia. New York: Palgrave. p. 14. ISBN 9780312238803.
  3. ^ Gary Samuel Samore (1984). Royal Family Politics in Saudi Arabia (1953-1982) (PhD thesis). Harvard University. p. 11. ProQuest 303295482. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Eveline J. van der Steen (2009). "Tribal States in History: The Emirate of Ibn Rashid as a Case Study". Al Rafidan. 30: 121.
  5. ^ a b R. Bayly Winder (1965). Saudi Arabia in the Nineteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 156, 242. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-81723-8. ISBN 9780333055410.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Michael John Baran (1992). The Rashidi Amirate of Hayl: The Rise, Development and Decline of a Pre-Modern Arabian Principality, 1835-1921 (PhD thesis). University of Michigan. pp. 51, 79, 265. ProQuest 303993600. Retrieved 2021.
  7. ^ a b Henry Rosenfeld (July-December 1965). "The Social Composition of the Military in the Process of State Formation in the Arabian Desert" (PDF). The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 95 (2): 174, 194. doi:10.2307/2844424. JSTOR 2844424.
  8. ^ a b c d M. Talha Çiçek (2017). "The tribal partners of empire in Arabia: the Ottomans and the Rashidis of Najd, 1880-1918". New Perspectives on Turkey (156): 112. doi:10.1017/npt.2017.7.
  9. ^ a b c James Wynbrandt (2010). A Brief History of Saudi Arabia (PDF). Infobase Publishing. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-8160-7876-9.
  10. ^ Peter C. Valenti (2015). State-Building in Central Arabia: Empires and Regional Actors at the Crossroads of al Qasim (PhD thesis). New York University. p. 80. ProQuest 1666383783. Retrieved 2021.
  11. ^ H. St. J. B. Philby (October 1923). "Jauf and the North Arabian Desert". The Geographical Journal. 62 (4): 243. doi:10.2307/1781017. JSTOR 1781017.
  12. ^ a b c Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (February 1880). "A Visit to Jebel Shammar (Nejd). New Routes Through Northern and Central Arabia" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography. 2 (2): 81-102. JSTOR 1800398.
  13. ^ Helen Chapin Metz, ed. (December 1992). Saudi Arabia. A country study (PDF). p. 17. ISBN 9780844407913.
  14. ^ Muhammad Suwaed (30 October 2015). Historical Dictionary of the Bedouins. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 20. ISBN 978-1-4422-5451-0.

External links

Talal bin Abdullah Al Rashid
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdullah bin Ali Al Rashid
Amirs of the House of Rashid
Succeeded by
Mutaib bin Abdullah Al Rashid

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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