The Internationale
Get The Internationale essential facts below. View Videos or join the The Internationale discussion. Add The Internationale to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
The Internationale

"The Internationale"
L'Internationale.jpg
"L'Internationale", original French version

International anthem of anarchists, communists, and socialists
L'Internationale (French)
LyricsEugène Pottier, 1871
MusicPierre De Geyter, 1888
Audio sample
"The Internationale" (instrumental)
Sung with English lyrics

"The Internationale" (French: "L'Internationale", [l.t.na.sj?.nal(?)]) is a left-wing anthem. It has been a standard of the socialist movement since the late nineteenth century, when the Second International adopted it as its official anthem. The title arises from the "First International", an alliance of workers which held a congress in 1864. The author of the anthem's lyrics, Eugène Pottier, an anarchist, attended this congress.[1][2] In turn, the song was later set to an original melody composed by Pierre De Geyter, a Marxist.[3]

"The Internationale" has been adopted as the anthem of various anarchist, communist, and socialist movements.[4][5]

From 1918 to 1944, "The Internationale" was used as an anthem of the Bolshevik Party, Soviet Russia and subsequently the USSR, before being replaced with the more nationally-focused State Anthem of the Soviet Union, reflecting Stalinist trends. (In 1917 and early 1918 Worker's Marseillaise was used as such). It was also used as a national anthem by the Chinese Soviet Republic, Bavarian Soviet Republic, Slovak Soviet Republic, and Hungarian Soviet Republic.

"The Internationale" is one of the most universally translated anthems in history.[6]

Copyright

The original French words were written in June 1871 by Eugène Pottier (1816–1887, previously a member of the Paris Commune)[7][incomplete short citation] and were originally intended to be sung to the tune of "La Marseillaise".[8] In 1888 Pierre De Geyter (1848–1932) set the earlier lyrics to the melody of Chant du depart with slight modifications.[9][incomplete short citation] De Geyter's melody was first publicly performed in July 1888,[10][incomplete short citation] and soon thereafter Pottier's lyrics became closely associated with, and widely used with, De Geyter's new melody. Thus "The Internationale" gained an identity that was entirely distinct, and no longer in any way directly tied to the French national anthem, the Marseillaise.

In a successful attempt to save Pierre De Geyter's job as a woodcarver, the 6,000 leaflets printed by Lille printer Bolboduc only mentioned the French version of his family name (Degeyter). In 1904, Pierre's brother Adolphe was induced by the Lille mayor Gustave Delory [fr] to claim copyright, so that the income of the song would continue to go to Delory's French Socialist Party. Pierre De Geyter lost the first copyright case in 1914, but after his brother died by suicide and left a note explaining the fraud, Pierre was declared the copyright owner by a court of appeal in 1922.[11][incomplete short citation]

In 1972 "Montana Edition", owned by Hans R. Beierlein [de], bought the rights to the song for 5,000 Deutschmark, first for the territory of West Germany, then in East Germany, then worldwide. East Germany paid Montana Edition 20,000 DM every year for its rights to play the music. Pierre De Geyter died in 1932, causing the copyrights to expire in 2002.[12] Luckhardt's German text is public domain since 1984.

As the "Internationale" music was published before 1 July 1909 outside the United States, it is in the public domain in the United States.[13] As of 2013, Pierre De Geyter's music is also in the public domain in countries and areas whose copyright durations are authors' lifetime plus 80 years or less.[14] Due to France's wartime copyright extensions (prorogations de guerre), SACEM claimed that the music was still copyrighted in France until October 2014.[15] Because of this, The Internationale is also in public domain within France.

As Eugène Pottier died in 1887, his original French lyrics are in the public domain. Gustave Delory once acquired the copyright of his lyrics through the songwriter G. B. Clement having bought it from Pottier's widow.[16][incomplete short citation]

First-known French version

There exists the following written version of the poem, which is older than the final version printed on 1887. It was published in 1990 by Robert Brécy:[17]

French Literal English translation

Couplet 1 :
Debout ! l'âme du prolétaire
Travailleurs, groupons-nous enfin.
Debout ! les damnés de la terre !
Debout ! les forçats de la faim !
Pour vaincre la misère et l'ombre
Foule esclave, debout ! debout !
C'est nous le droit, c'est nous le nombre :
Nous qui n'étions rien, soyons tout :

Refrain :
C'est la lutte finale
Groupons-nous et demain
L'Internationale
Sera le genre humain :

Couplet 2 :
Il n'est pas de sauveurs suprêmes :
Ni Dieu, ni César, ni Tribun.
Travailleurs, sauvons-nous nous-mêmes ;
Travaillons au salut commun.
Pour que les voleurs rendent gorge,
Pour tirer l'esprit du cachot,
Allumons notre grande forge !
Battons le fer quand il est chaud !

Refrain

Couplet 3 :
Les Rois nous saoulaient de fumées
Paix entre nous ! guerre aux Tyrans !
Appliquons la grève aux armées
Crosse en l'air ! et rompons les rangs !
Bandit, prince, exploiteur ou prêtre
Qui vit de l'homme est criminel ;
Notre ennemi, c'est notre maître :
Voilà le mot d'ordre éternel.

Refrain

Couplet 4 :
L'engrenage encor va nous tordre :
Le capital est triomphant ;
La mitrailleuse fait de l'ordre
En hachant la femme et l'enfant.
L'usure folle en ses colères
Sur nos cadavres calcinés
Soude à la grève des Salaires
La grève des assassinés.

Refrain

Couplet 5 :
Ouvriers, Paysans, nous sommes
Le grand parti des travailleurs.
La terre n'appartient qu'aux hommes.
L'oisif ira loger ailleurs.
C'est de nos chairs qu'ils se repaissent !
Si les corbeaux si les vautours
Un de ces matins disparaissent ...
La Terre tournera toujours.

Refrain

Couplet 6 :
Qu'enfin le passé s'engloutisse !
Qu'un genre humain transfiguré
Sous le ciel clair de la Justice
Mûrisse avec l'épi doré !
Ne crains plus les nids de chenilles
Qui gâtaient l'arbre et ses produits
Travail, étends sur nos familles
Tes rameaux tout rouges de fruits !

Refrain

Verse 1:
Stand up! the soul of the proletarian
Workers, let's get together at last.
Stand up! the damned of the earth!
Stand up! the convicts of hunger!
To overcome misery and shadow
Slave crowd, stand up! stand up!
We are the right, we are the number:
We who were nothing, let us be everything:

Chorus:
This is the final struggle
Let's group together and tomorrow
The International
Will be the human race:

Verse 2:
There are no supreme saviors:
Neither God, nor Caesar, nor Tribune.
Workers, let's save ourselves;
Let us work for common salvation.
So that thieves can repay,
To get the spirit out of the dungeon,
Let's light our great forge!
Let's strike while the iron is hot!

Chorus

Verse 3:
Kings inebriated us with smoke
Peace between us! war on the Tyrants!
Let's apply the strike to the armies
Stick in the air! and let's break ranks!
Bandit, prince, exploiter or priest
He who lives on man is a criminal;
Our enemy is our master:
This is the eternal watchword.

Chorus

Verse 4:
The gears still will twist us:
Capital is triumphant;
The machine gun makes order
By chopping the woman and the child.
Crazy wear and tear in its anger
On our charred corpses
Welcomes the wage strike
The strike of the murdered.

Chorus

Verse 5:
Workers, peasants, we are
The great party of workers.
The earth belongs only to men.
The idle will go and stay elsewhere.
It is our flesh that they feast on!
If the crows if the vultures
One of those mornings disappear ...
The Earth will still turn.

Chorus

Verse 6:
May the past finally be swallowed up!
That a transfigured human race
Under the clear sky of Justice
Ripe with the golden ear!
No longer fear caterpillar nests
That spoiled the tree and its products
Work, spread over our families
Your branches all red with fruit!

Chorus

Final French lyrics

French Literal English translation

Debout, les damnés de la terre
Debout, les forçats de la faim
La raison tonne en son cratère
C'est l'éruption de la fin
Du passé faisons table rase
Foule esclave, debout, debout
Le monde va changer de base
Nous ne sommes rien, soyons tout

Chorus
C'est la lutte finale
Groupons-nous, et demain
L'Internationale
Sera le genre humain.

Il n'est pas de sauveurs suprêmes
Ni Dieu, ni César, ni tribun
Producteurs, sauvons-nous nous-mêmes
Décrétons le salut commun
Pour que le voleur rende gorge
Pour tirer l'esprit du cachot
Soufflons nous-mêmes notre forge
Battons le fer quand il est chaud.

Chorus

L'État opprime et la loi triche
L'impôt saigne le malheureux
Nul devoir ne s'impose au riche
Le droit du pauvre est un mot creux
C'est assez, languir en tutelle
L'égalité veut d'autres lois
Pas de droits sans devoirs dit-elle
Égaux, pas de devoirs sans droits.

Chorus

Hideux dans leur apothéose
Les rois de la mine et du rail
Ont-ils jamais fait autre chose
Que dévaliser le travail ?
Dans les coffres-forts de la bande
Ce qu'il a créé s'est fondu
En décrétant qu'on le lui rende
Le peuple ne veut que son dû.

Chorus

Les rois nous saoulaient de fumées
Paix entre nous, guerre aux tyrans
Appliquons la grève aux armées
Crosse en l'air, et rompons les rangs
S'ils s'obstinent, ces cannibales
À faire de nous des héros
Ils sauront bientôt que nos balles
Sont pour nos propres généraux.

Chorus

Ouvriers, paysans, nous sommes
Le grand parti des travailleurs
La terre n'appartient qu'aux hommes
L'oisif ira loger ailleurs
Combien de nos chairs se repaissent
Mais si les corbeaux, les vautours
Un de ces matins disparaissent
Le soleil brillera toujours.

Chorus

Arise, wretched of the earth
Arise, convicts of hunger
Reason thunders in its volcano
This is the eruption of the end
Of the past let us wipe the slate clean
Masses, slaves, arise, arise
The world is about to change its foundation
We are nothing, let us be all

Chorus
This is the final struggle
Let us gather together, and tomorrow
The Internationale
Will be the human race

There are no supreme saviors
Neither God, nor Caesar, nor tribune.
Producers, let us save ourselves
Decree on the common welfare
That the thief return his plunder,
That the spirit be pulled from its prison
Let us fan the forge ourselves
Strike the iron while it is hot

Chorus

The state represses and the law cheats
The tax bleeds the unfortunate
No duty is imposed on the rich
"Rights of the poor" is a hollow phrase
Enough languishing in custody
Equality wants other laws:
No rights without obligations, it says,
And as well, no obligations without rights

Chorus

Hideous in their self-glorification
Kings of the mine and rail
Have they ever done anything other?
Than steal work?
Into the coffers of that lot,
What work creates has melted
In demanding that they give it back
The people want only its due.

Chorus

The kings make us drunk with their fumes,
Peace among ourselves, war to the tyrants!
Let the armies go on strike,
Guns in the air, and break ranks
If these cannibals insist
On making heroes of us,
Soon they will know our bullets
Are for our own generals

Chorus

Laborers, peasants, we are
The great party of workers
The earth belongs only to men
The idle will go reside elsewhere
How much of our flesh they feed on,
But if the ravens and vultures
Disappear one of these days
The sun will still shine

Chorus

Translations into other languages

German translation

The German version, "Die Internationale", was used by East German anti-Stalinists in the failed 1953 uprising and again during the 1989 protests which nonviolently toppled Communism in East Germany.[] When numerous East Germans were arrested for protesting the 40th-anniversary celebrations for the GDR, many of them sang the Internationale in police custody to imply that they, rather than their captors, were the real revolutionaries.

Luckhardt's version, the standard German translation, of the final line of the chorus tellingly reads: "Die Internationale erkämpft das Menschenrecht". (The Internationale fights for human rights.) In 1989, this was coupled with the chant: "Volkspolizei, steh dem Volke bei" (People's police, stand with the people!)[]

Here follows the most known version, the 1910 translation by Emil Luckhardt:

German
(1910 version by Emil Luckhardt)
Literal English translation

Wacht auf, Verdammte dieser Erde,
die stets man noch zum Hungern zwingt!
Das Recht wie Glut im Kraterherde
nun mit Macht zum Durchbruch dringt!
Reinen Tisch macht mit dem Bedränger!
Heer der Sklaven, wache auf!
Ein Nichts zu sein, tragt es nicht länger
Alles zu werden, strömt zuhauf...

Refrain
|: Völker, hört die Signale!
Auf zum letzten Gefecht!
Die Internationale
erkämpft das Menschenrecht! :|

Es rettet uns kein höh'res Wesen,
kein Gott, kein Kaiser noch Tribun!
Uns aus dem Elend zu erlösen
können wir nur selber tun!
Leeres Wort: des Armen Rechte!
Leeres Wort: des Reichen Pflicht!
Unmündig nennt man uns und Knechte,
duldet die Schmach nun länger nicht!

Refrain

In Stadt und Land, ihr Arbeitsleute,
wir sind die stärkste der Partei'n!
Die Müßiggänger schiebt beiseite!
Diese Welt muss unser sein!
Unser Blut sei nicht mehr der Raben,
Nicht der mächt'gen Geier Fraß!
Erst wenn wir sie vertrieben haben
dann scheint die Sonn' ohn' Unterlass!

Refrain

Wake up, wretched of this Earth
Who are constantly forced to hunger!
Justice, like embers in the crater's hearth
Now with power pushes to the breakthrough!
Clear out the oppressors!
Army of slaves, awaken!
Being a nothing is no longer tolerable
To become everything is rising up...

Refrain
|: Nations (peoples) hear the signal!
On to the last fight!
The Internationale
Fights for human right(s)! :|

No higher power will save us,
No God, no Caesar, no tribune.
To redeem us out of misery,
Only we ourselves can do!
Empty words: "the rights of the poor"!
Empty words: "the duties of the rich"!
They call us immature and only servants,
Tolerate the humiliation no longer!

Refrain

In the city and the country, you working people
We are the strongest of the parties!
The dalliers (idle rich) push to the side!
This world must belong to us!
Our blood isn't for the ravens,
Or food for powerful vultures!
Once we have driven them out,
The sun will shine without interruption!

Refrain

Russian translation

The Russian version was initially translated by Arkady Kots in 1902 and printed in London in Zhizn, a Russian émigré magazine. The first Russian version consisted of three stanzas (as opposed to six stanzas in the original French lyrics and based on stanzas 1, 2, and 6) and the refrain. After the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the text was slightly re-worded to get rid of "now useless" future tenses - particularly the refrain was reworded (the future tense was replaced by the present, and the first person plural possessive pronoun was introduced). In 1918, the chief editor of Izvestia, Yuri Steklov, appealed to Russian writers to translate the other three stanzas and in the end, the song was expanded into six stanzas.[18] On 15 March 1944, the Soviet Union adopted the "Hymn of the Soviet Union" as its national anthem. Prior to that time, "The Internationale" served as the principal musical expression of allegiance to the ideals of the October Revolution and the Soviet Union (the "Internationale" continued to be recognized as the official song of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and the post-1919 Soviet version is still used by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation). The full song is as follows:

Internatsional
English: The Internationale
?
Internationale - Russian, 1951.pdf

Former national anthem of the
Former national anthem of the
Lyrics? (Arkady Kots), 1902
MusicPierre De Geyter, 1888
Published1902
Adopted1918 (Russian SFSR)
1922 (Soviet Union)
Relinquished1922 (Russian SFSR)
1944 (Soviet Union)
Succeeded byState Anthem of the Soviet Union ( ? ? )
Audio sample
The Internationale, Russian
Russian translation Transliteration Literal English translation

?, ? ,
? ? !

? ? .
? ?
, ?
, , -
, ?.

:
(×2) ?
? ;
?
?!

? ?:
, ? ? !

.
? ? ,
? , -
? ? ,
? !



, ?,
?, ?, ?!
?  – , ?,
? ?  – ?  !
- -
? :
!
? ? !



? ,
? ? !
? , ,
?.
, ?, -
? .
?! ?
?, .



? ?
? ? !
?! !
, ?!
?
? -
, ?
!



? ,
? ,
? ,
 – ?!
? ? ? ?
? ? ?, -

.

Vstavay, proklyatyem zakleymyonny,
Ves mir golodnykh i rabov!
Kipit nash razum vozmushchyonny
I v smertny boy vesti gotov.
Ves mir nasilya my razrushim
Do osnovanya, a zatem
My nash, my novy mir postroim, -
Kto byl nichem, tot stanet vsem.

Pripev:
(×2) Eto yest nash posledny
I reshitelny boy;
S Internatsionalom
Vospryanet rod lyudskoy!

Nikto ne dast nam izbavlenya:
Ni bog, ni tsar i ne geroy!
Dobyomsya my osvobozhdenya
Svoyeyu sobstvennoy rukoy.
Chtob svergnut gnyot rukoy umeloy,
Otvoyevat svoyo dobro, -
Vzduvayte gorn i kuyte smelo,
Poka zhelezo goryacho!

Pripev

Dovolno krov sosat, vampiry,
Tyurmoy, nalogom, nishchetoy!
U vas  – vsya vlast, vse blaga mira,
A nashe pravo  – zvuk pustoy!
My zhizn postroim po-inomu -
I vot nash lozung boyevoy:
Vsya vlast narodu trudovomu!
A darmoyedov vseh doloy!

Pripev

Prezrenny vy v svoyom bogatstve,
Uglya i stali koroli!
Vy vashi trony, tuneyadtsy,
Na nashikh spinakh vozveli.
Zavody, fabriki, palaty -
Vsyo nashim sozdano trudom.
Pora! My trebuyem vozvrata
Togo, chto vzyato grabezhom.

Pripev

Dovolno korolyam v ugodu
Durmanit nas v chadu voyny!
Voyna tiranam! Mir Narodu!
Bastuyte, armii syny!
Kogda zh tirany nas zastavyat
V boyu geroyski past za nikh -
Ubiytsy, v vas togda napravim
my zherla pushek boyevykh!

Pripev

Lish my, rabotniki vsemirnoy
Velikoy armii truda,
Vladet zemlyoy imeyem pravo,
No parazity  – nikogda!
I yesli grom veliky gryanet
Nad svoroy psov i palachey, -
Dlya nas vsyo tak zhe solntse stanet
siyat ognyom svoikh luchey.

Pripev

Get up, branded by the curse,
The whole world of the hungry and the slaves!
Our mind is boiling indignant
And ready to lead to deadly fight.
We will destroy the whole world of violence
To the ground and then
We will build our own new world,
He who was nothing - will become everything!

Refrain:
(×2) This is our last
And decisive battle;
With the International
Will rise the human race!

No one will give us deliverance:
Not God, not king, and not a hero -
We will achieve liberation
With our own hand.
To overthrow oppression with a skillful hand,
To win back your good, -
Blow up the forge and forge boldly,
While the iron is hot!

Refrain

Enough of sucking blood, vampires,
By prison, tax, poverty!
You have all the power, all the blessings of the world,
And our right is an empty sound!
We will build a life in a different way -
And here is our battle slogan:
All power to the working people!
And all the freeloaders down!

Refrain

You are despicable in your wealth,
Kings of coal and steel!
You parasites! Your thrones
Are erected on our backs.
Plants, factories, palaces -
Everything is created by our labor.
It's time! We demand a return
Of everything taken by robbery.

Refrain

Enough for kings to please
Intoxicate us into the daze of war!
War on tyrants! Peace to the People!
Strike, sons of the army!
And once the tyrants force us
In battle fall as heroes for them -
Murderers, we then will turn against you
The barrels of our combat cannons!

Refrain

Only we, the workers of the world
Great Army of Labor
We have the right to own land,
But parasites - never!
And if a great thunder breaks out
Over a pack of dogs and executioners,
For us, the Sun again will start
To shine the fire of its rays.

Refrain

English translations

The traditional UK version of "The Internationale" is usually sung in three verses, while the American version, written by Charles Hope Kerr with five verses, is usually sung in two.[19][20] The American version is sometimes sung with the phrase "the internationale", "the international soviet", or "the international union" in place of "the international working class". In English renditions, "Internationale" is sometimes sung as rather than the French pronunciation of [tnasj?nal(?)]. In modern usage, the American verison also often uses "their" instead of "his" in "Let each stand in his place", and "free" instead of "be" in "Shall be the Human race."

Billy Bragg was asked by Pete Seeger to sing "The Internationale" with him at the Vancouver Folk Festival in 1989. Bragg thought the traditional English lyrics were archaic and unsingable (Scottish musician Dick Gaughan[21] and former Labour MP Tony Benn[22] disagreed), and composed a new set of lyrics.[23] The recording was released on his album The Internationale along with reworkings of other socialist songs.

British version
(by Eugène Pottier)
American version
(by Charles Hope Kerr)
Billy Bragg version


Arise, ye workers from your slumber,
Arise, ye prisoners of want.
For reason in revolt now thunders,
and at last ends the age of cant!
Away with all your superstitions,
Servile masses, arise, arise!
We'll change henceforth the old tradition,
And spurn the dust to win the prize!

Chorus
So comrades, come rally,
And the last fight let us face.
The Internationale
Unites the human race.
(repeat)
 
 
 
 

No more deluded by reaction,
On tyrants only we'll make war!
The soldiers too will take strike action,
They'll break ranks and fight no more!
And if those cannibals keep trying,
To sacrifice us to their pride,
They soon shall hear the bullets flying,
We'll shoot the generals on our own side.

Chorus

No saviour from on high delivers,
No faith have we in prince or peer.
Our own right hand the chains must shiver,
Chains of hatred, greed and fear.
E'er the thieves will out with their booty,
And to all give a happier lot.
Each at his forge must do their duty,
And we'll strike the iron while it's hot.

Chorus


Arise, ye prisoners of starvation!
Arise, ye wretched of the earth!
For justice thunders condemnation:
A better world's in birth!
No more tradition's chains shall bind us;
Arise, ye slaves, no more in thrall!
The earth shall rise on new foundations:
We have been nought, we shall be all!

Chorus
'Tis the final conflict;
Let each stand in his place.
The International working class
Shall be the human race!
(repeat)
 
 
 
 

We want no condescending saviors
To rule us from a judgment hall;
We workers ask not for their favors;
Let us consult for all.
To make the thief disgorge his booty
To free the spirit from its cell,
We must ourselves decide our duty,
We must decide, and do it well.

Chorus

Toilers from shops and fields united,
The union we of all who work:
The earth belongs to us, the workers,
No room here for the shirk.
How many on our flesh have fattened!
But if the noisome birds of prey
Shall vanish from the sky some morning,
The blessed sunlight still will stay.

Chorus


Stand up, all victims of oppression
For the tyrants fear your might!
Don't cling so hard to your possessions
For you have nothing if you have no rights!
Let racist ignorance be ended
For respect makes the empires fall!
Freedom is merely privilege extended
Unless enjoyed by one and all

Chorus
So come brothers and sisters
For the struggle carries on
The Internationale
Unites the world in song
So comrades, come rally
For this is the time and place!
The international ideal
Unites the human race


Let no one build walls to divide us
Walls of hatred nor walls of stone
Come greet the dawn and stand beside us
We'll live together or we'll die alone
In our world poisoned by exploitation
Those who have taken, now they must give!
And end the vanity of nations
We've but one Earth on which to live

Chorus

And so begins the final drama
In the streets and in the fields
We stand unbowed before their armour
We defy their guns and shields!
When we fight, provoked by their aggression
Let us be inspired by life and love
For though they offer us concessions
Change will not come from above!

Chorus

Bengali translation

"The Internationale" was translated to Bengali by Hemanga Biswas[24] and Mohit Banerji. It was subsequently adopted by West Bengal's Left Front.[25]

Bengali translation Transliteration Literal English translation

(x2)

? ? ?

?

?

?

-?

? ?

? ?

?- ?

(x2)

?

? ?

(x2)

Jago jago jago sorbohara,

Onoshono bondi kritodas,

Shromik Diyache aaji saara,

Uthiyache muktir ashwas.


Sonaton jirno ku-achar,

Churno kori jago janagon,

Ghuchao ei dainya hahakar,

Jiban maran kori pon.


(x2)

Sesh juddho suru aaj Comrade,

Eso mora mili ek sath

Internationale

Milabe manobo jaat.

(x2)

Wake up, wake up, wake up, proletariat,

Slaves bent on hunger strike;

Workers have responded today,

Assurance of liberation has risen.


Break the traditional, worn-out prejudices,

And doing so, people - wake up!

End this miserable wail,

Bet your life and death.


(x2)

The final war has commenced now comrade,

Come let's together unite;

The Internationale,

Shall unite mankind.

Chinese translation

"The Internationale" in Chinese (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Guójìg?), literally the "International Song", was first translated on 15 June 1923 from the French original by Qu Qiubai (Chinese: ),[24] a leading member of the Communist Party of China in the late 1920s. His translation has transliterated "The Internationale" as Y?ngdénàxióngnà'?r (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) when singing the phrase in Standard Chinese. As he was executed by the Kuomintang in 1935, his Chinese translation is in the public domain wherever the duration of copyright is an author's lifetime plus up to 70 years, including Chinese-speaking Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan (lifetime plus 50 years in these places), and Singapore (lifetime plus 70 years). The three stanzas of this version roughly correspond to the three stanzas of Arkady Kots' Russian version and the first, second, and sixth French lyrics by Eugène Pottier. The third, fourth and fifth stanzas of the French original are not used in this version.

Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Literal English translation

,?,
,?!
,?!
,
?
,

,


:
?,
?,

?


,
?
!

,
?
!



?

,
?!
,

,
!

,?,
,?!
,?!
,
?
,

,


:
?,
?,

?


,
?
!

,
?
!



?

,
?!
,

,
!

Q? lái, j? hán ji?o pò de nú lì,
Q? lái, shòu rén w? r? zhòu mà dí!
Q? lái, ti?n xià j? hán dí nú lì!
M?n qi?ng rè xuè fèi téng,
P?n s? yí zhàn jué y?.
Jiù shè huì pò huài dé chè d?,
X?n shè huì chuàng zào dé gu?ng huá.
Mò dào w? mén y? qián bù zhí,
Cóng j?n yào p? y?u ti?n xià.

Fù g?:
Zhè shì zuì hòu de dòu zh?ng,
Tuán jié q? lái, dào míng ti?n,
Y?ng tè nà xióng nài'?r
Jiù yí dìng yào shí xiàn.

Zhè shì w? mén dí
Zuì hòu jué s? zh?ng,
Tóng y?ng dé nà xióng nà ?r
Rén lèi f?ng zhòng x?ng!
Zhè shì w? mén dí
Zuì hòu jué s? zh?ng,
Tóng y?ng dé nà xióng nà ?r
Rén lèi f?ng zhòng x?ng!

Fù g?

Shì shuí chuàng zào li?o rén lèi shì jiè?
Shì w? mén láo dòng qún zhòng.
Y? qi? gu? láo dòng zh? su? y?u,
N? néng róng dé jì sh?ng chóng!
Zuì k? hèn nà xi? dú shé m?ng shòu,
Ch? jìn li?o w? mén dí xuè ròu.
Y? dàn b? t? mén xi?o miè g?n jìng,
Xi?n hóng dí tài yáng zhào biàn quán qiú!

Fù g?

Arise, slaves afflicted by hunger and cold,
Arise, those who are insulted and cursed!
Arise, starving slaves all over the world!
The blood which fills my chest has boiled over,
risking for a conclusive battle.
The old society shall be destroyed,
The new society created will be glorious.
Do not say that we have nothing,
For today we will have the world!

Chorus:
This is the final struggle,
Unite together towards tomorrow,
The Internationale
Shall certainly be achieved.

This is our last decisive fight,
With the Internationale
The people will rise!
This is our last decisive fight,
With the Internationale
The people will rise!

Chorus

Who is it that created the world of humankind?
It is us, the masses.
Everything is for workers,
How can parasites be accommodated!
The most detestable are those poisonous snakes and savage beasts,
Eating up our flesh and blood.
Once they are entirely destroyed,
The red sun will shine all over the globe!
Chorus

Xiao San's version

The Internationale performed in The East is Red

This version was translated from the Russian version in 1923 by the poet Xiao San, friend of Mao Zedong. This version is the most common and is also the anthem of the Communist Party of China.[23] Xiao's version was a revision of Qu's translation, which did not see widespread use due to it being written in Classical Chinese,[26] although the phrase "The Internationale" was similarly transliterated as Y?ngtènàxióngnài'?r (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ). When the Chinese Soviet Republic was established in 1931, it was decided to be its national anthem.[25] The version was officially revised in 1962 by China National Radio and Chinese Musicians' Association.[27][28]

The song was a rallying anthem of the demonstrators at the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, and was repeatedly sung both while marching to the Square and within the Square.

...many hundreds of people (not only students) appeared on the street. They ran after the trucks and shouted protest slogans. A few stones were thrown. The soldiers opened fire with live ammunition. The crowd threw themselves on the ground, but quickly followed the convoy again. The more shots were fired, the more the crowd got determined and outraged. Suddenly they started singing "The Internationale"; they armed themselves with stones and threw them towards the soldiers. There were also a few Molotov cocktails and the last truck was set on fire.[29]

Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Literal English translation

,?,
,?!
,
?!
,
?!
,
!

:
?,
?,

?

?,

,
!
,

,
!



?

,
?!
,

,
!

,?,
,?!
,
?!
,
?!
,
!

:
?,
?,

?

?,

,
!
,

,
!



?

,
?!
,

,
!

Q? lái, j? hán ji?o pò de nú lì,
Q? lái, quán shì jiè shòu k? de rén!
M?n qi?ng de rè xuè y? j?ng fèi téng,
Yào wèi zh?n l? ér dòu zh?ng!
Jiù shì jiè d? gè luò hu? liú shu?,
Nú lì men, q? lái!, q? lái!
Bú yào shu? w? men yì wú su? y?u,
W? men yào zuò ti?n xià de zh? rén.

Fù g?:
Zhè shì zuì hòu de dòu zh?ng,
Tuán jié q? lái, dào míng ti?n,
Y?ng tè nà xióng nài ?r
Jiù yí dìng yào shí xiàn.

Cóng lái jiù méi y?u shén me jiù shì zh?,
Y? bú kào shén xi?n huáng dì.
Yào chuàng zào rén lèi de xìng fú,
Quán kào w? men zì j?.
W? men yào duó huí láo dòng gu? shí,
Ràng s? xi?ng ch?ng pò láo lóng.
Kuài b? nà lú hu? sh?o de t?ng hóng,
Chèn rè d? ti? cái néng chéng g?ng.

Fù g?

Shì shéi chuàng zào le rén lèi shì jiè?
Shì w? men láo dòng qún zhòng.
Yí qiè gu? láo dòng zh? su? y?u,
N? néng róng de jì sh?ng chóng!
Zuì k? hèn nà xi? dú shé m?ng shòu,
Ch? jìn le w? men de xuè ròu.
Yí dàn b? t? men xi?o miè g?n jìng,
Xi?n hóng de tài yáng zhào biàn quán qiú.

Fù g?

Arise, slaves afflicted by hunger and cold,
Arise, suffering people all over the world!
The blood which fills our chest has boiled over,
We must struggle for truth!
The old world shall be destroyed
Arise, slaves, arise!
Do not say that we have nothing,
We shall be the masters of the world!

Chorus:
This is the final struggle,
Unite together towards tomorrow,
The Internationale
Shall certainly be achieved.

There have never been any divine redeemers,
Nor deities, nor emperors on which to depend.
To create Humankind's happiness
We must entirely depend on ourselves!
We shall retake the fruits of our labor,
And let the mind burst free from its prison cell.
Let the flames in the furnace burn red-hot,
For only when the iron is hot will we succeed in forging it!

Chorus

Who is it that created the world of humankind?
It is us, the masses.
Everything is for workers,
How can parasites be accommodated!
The most detestable are those poisonous snakes and savage beasts
Eating up our flesh and blood.
Exterminate them all at once,
The red sun will shine all over the globe!

Chorus

National Revolutionary Army version

When commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Paris Commune on 18 March 1926, the National Revolutionary Army printed a music sheet with three lyrics of "The Internationale" in Chinese, roughly corresponding to the first, second, and sixth French lyrics by Eugène Pottier. When singing refrain twice after each lyric, "The Internationale" is transliterated first as Y?ngtè'?rl?xióngnà'?r (Chinese) and second as Y?ngtè'?rnàxióngnà'?r (Chinese).

Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Literal English translation

,
!
,
?!
,
?!
,
!

()
?,
?,
?
?

,
?
,
?!
,

,
!

()

?
?
,
?!
,

,
!

()

,
!
,
?!
,
?!
,
!

()
?,
?,
?
?

,
?
,
?!
,

,
!

()

?
?
,
?!
,

,
!

()

Q?lái, j?hánji?opò de núlì,
Q?lái, quánshìjiè shàng de zuìrén!
M?nqi?ng de rèxuè y?j?ng fèiténg,
Zuòyí zuìhòude zhànzh?ng!
Jiù shìjiè d? t? luòhu?liúshu?,
Núlìmen, q?lái, q?lái!
Mò yào shu? w?men yìqiánbùzhí,
W?men yào zuò ti?nxià de zh?rén.

(Fùg?)
Zhè shì zuìhòu de zh?ngdòu,
Tuánjié q?lái dào míngti?n,
Y?ngtè'?rl?xióngnà'?r
Jiù yídìng yào shíxiàn.

Cónglái méiy?u shénme jiùshìzh?,
Búshì shénxi?n y? búshì huángdì.
Gèng búshì nàxi? y?ngxióng háojié,
Quán kào zìj? jiù zìj?!
Yào sh?jìn nàxi? qiángdào g?umìng,
Jiù yào y?u x?sh?ng j?ngshén.
Kuàikuài de d?ngzhè lúhu? t?nghóng,
Chènhu?d?ti? cái nénggòu chéngg?ng!

(fùg?)

Shéi shì shìjièshàng de chuàngzàozh
Zh?y?u w?men láok? de g?ngnóng.
Yíqiè zh? gu? sh?ngch?nzh? su?y?u,
N?l? róngde jìsh?ngchóng!
W?men de rèxuè liúle du?sh?o,
Zh? b? nà cánkù èshòu.
T?ngruòshì yídàn sh?miè jìnli?o,
Yìlún hóngrì zhào biàn w?dàzh?u.

(fùg?)

Arise, slaves afflicted by hunger and cold,
Arise, the persecuted of all the world!
The blood which fills my chest has boiled over,
Make one last war!
The old world, it shall be destroyed.
Arise, slaves, arise!
Do not say that we are worth nothing,
We shall be the masters of the world!

Refrain
This is the final struggle,
Unite together towards tomorrow,
The Internationale
Shall certainly come true.

There have never been any divine redeemers,
Nor deities, nor emperors.
Not even those larger than life,
[We] entirely depend on ourselves to save ourselves!
To fully kill those bandits' crestless lives
Requires sacrificing spirit.
Quickly, while this furnace burns red-hot,
For only when the iron is fired will we succeed in forging it!

Refrain

Who is the creator of the world?
Only us, hardworking workers and farmers.
Everything is for producers only,
Where can parasites be accommodated!
How much hot blood of ours have bled,
Only to handle that cruel and evil monster.
If it is someday fully killed,
A red sun will shine all over the five continents!

Refrain

Shen Baoji's version

The third, fourth, and fifth French stanzas are not sung in Chinese in the above two versions of Qu and the National Revolutionary Army. Chinese translator Shen Baoji (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; 1908-2002) has made a complete Chinese translation, published in 1957, of all six French stanzas. Shen's translation has transliterated "The Internationale" as Y?ngd?i'?rnàx?'àonà'?r (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) in the stanzas, different from the transliterations of Qu and the National Revolutionary Army. As the Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China grants individuals copyright for their lifetime plus 50 years, Shen's translation is expected to remain copyrighted there until the end of 2052.

Other Chinese translations

In addition to the Mandarin version, "The Internationale" also has Cantonese[30] and Taiwanese Hokkien[31] versions, occasionally used in Hong Kong and Taiwan. The word "Internationale" is not translated in either version. Uyghur version, Tibetan version[32] and Mongolian version is also translated for the use of ethnic minorities of China.

Filipino translation

There were three Filipino versions of the song. The first was composed by Juan Feleo of the Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930 under the title "Pandaigdigang Awit ng Manggagawa" (The International Worker's Anthem) which was translated from the English version. The second version was a retranslation of the first two stanzas on the basis of the French original by the Communist Party of the Philippines. The third version, which introduced the third stanza, was derived from both Chinese and French versions and translated by Jose Maria Sison, the CPP's founding chairman.[33]

PKP-1930 version 1969 CPP version 2016 CPP version

Bangon sa pagkakagupiling
Bangon ka uring alipin
Sa daigdig iyong sikapin
Sosyalismo'y tanghalin

Halina at ating usigin
Laya nating sinisiil
Buhay, dugo ay puhunanin
Tanikala ay lagutin

Koro
Ito'y huling paglalaban
Tunay na kalayaan
Ng Internasyunal
Sa buong daigdigan

Wala tayong maaasahan
Lingap sa mga gahaman
Kaya tayo'y magbagong buhay
Hirap nati'y lunasan

Manggagawa, huwag mong tulutan
Apihin ka habang buhay
Hanapin mo ang kalayaan
Panlulupig ay wakasan

Bangon sa pagkakabusabos
Bangon, alipin ng gutom
Katarunga'y bulkang sasabog
Sa huling paghuhukom

Gapos ng kahapo'y lagutin
Tayong api ay magbalikwas
Tayo ngayo'y inaalipin
Subalit atin ang bukas

Koro
Ito'y huling paglalaban
Magkaisa ng masaklaw
Ng Internasyunal
Ang sangkatauhan

Wala tayong maasasahang
Bathala o manunubos
Kaya ang ating kaligtasa'y
Nasa ating pagkilos

Manggagawa, bawiin ang yaman
Kaisipa'y palayain
Ang maso ay ating hawakan
Kinabukasa'y pandayin

Bangon sa pagkakabusabos
Bangon, mga bihag ng gutom
Katwiran ay bulkang sasabog
Buong lakas na dadagundong

Gapos ng kahapo'y lagutin
Tayong api ay magbalikwas
Tayo ngayo'y inaalipin
Subalit atin ang bukas

Koro
Ito'y huling paglalaban
Magkaisa ng masaklaw
ng Internasyunal
Ang sangkatauhan

Wala tayong maasasahang
Bathala o manunubos
Kaya ang ating kaligtasa'y
Nasa ating pagkilos

Manggagawa, bawiin ang yaman
Kaisipa'y palayain
Ang maso ay ating hawakan
Kinabukasa'y pandayin

Manggagawa at magsasaka
Ating Partido'y dakila
Palayasin ang mga gamahan
Sa anakpawis ang daigdigan

Wakasan ang pagsasamantala
Ng mga buwitre at uwak
Sa umaga'y silang maglaho
Mapulang araw ay sisikat

Indonesian translations

The Internasionale has been widely known in Indonesia since the 1920s. The first translation into Indonesian from Dutch was done by Ki Hadjar Dewantara who was popularized by the Indonesian Communist Party in 1951-1965. However, this translation was denounced by the Communist International as having eliminated the spirit of the proletariat. On 19 December 1948, Amir Sjarifuddin and ten other figures from the Madiun Affair sang Indonesia Raya and this song just before they were executed.

The next translation was carried out by A. Yuwinu based on the lyrics from Chinese and Russian which was published for the first time on May 31, 1970. This translation was later adapted to the Enhanced Spelling which came into effect on August 17, 1972.

In addition to these two translations, there are translations of Soepeno, Utuy Tatang Sontani, Agus J., and Suar Suroso which were compiled to commemorate a century of the Paris Commune in 1971. These translations are based on lyrics from French, Russian, English, Mandarin, German, and the Netherlands.

Ki Hadjar Dewantara A. Yuwinu Soepeno, dkk.

Bangunlah kaum jang terhina,
bangunlah kaum jang lapar!
Kehendak jang mulja dalam dunia,
senantiasa tambah besar.
Lenjapkan adat dan paham tua,
kita rakjat sadar-sadar.
Dunia sudah berganti rupa,
untuk kemenangan kita.

Refrain (×2):
Perdjoangan penghabisan,
kumpullah melawan.
Dan Internasionale,
pastilah didunia!

Bangunlah kaum yang terhina,
bangunlah kaum yang lapar!
Dendam darah menyala-nyala,
kita berjuang 'tuk keadilan.
Hancurkan dunia lama,
sampai ke dasar-dasarnya!
Dunia baru kita ciptakan,
milik s'luruh kaum pekerja!

Refrain (×2):
Perjuangan penghabisan,
bersatulah berlawan!
Internasionale,
pastilah di dunia!

Tiada "pengasih" dan "penyayang",
tiada dewa atau raja.
Kebah'giaan umat manusia,
pasti kita sendiri cipta!
Musnahkan b'lenggu penindasan,
rebut hasil jerih kerja!
Kobarkan api, seg'ra tempa,
selagi baja membara!

Refrain (×2)

Kitalah kaum pekerja s'dunia,
tent'ra kerja nan perkasa.
Semuanya mesti milik kita,
tak biarkan satu pun penghisap!
Kala petir dahsyat menyambar,
di atas si angkara murka.
Tibalah saat bagi kita,
surya bersinar cemerlang!

Refrain (×2)

Bangunlah kaum yang terhina,
bangunlah kaum yang lapar!
Meng'glora dendam dalam dada,
kita berjuang 'tuk kebenaran.
Hancurkan seluruh dunia lama,
kaum budak, bangun, bangun!
Kita yang kini hina-papa,
akan menguasai dunia.

Refrain (×2):
Perjuangan penghabisan,
bersatu berlawan!
Internasionale,
pastilah di dunia!

Tiada Maha Juru S'lamat,
tidak Tuhan atau raja.
Kebahagiaan umat manusia,
harus kita sendiri cipta.
Bebaskan jiwa dari penjara,
rebut kembali hasil kerja.
Kobarkan api, seg'ra tempa,
selagi baja membara!

Refrain (×2)

Kitalah kaum buruh dan tani,
tentara kerja perkasa.
Bumi hanya milik pekerja,
benalu tak berhak serta.
Cukup sudah darah-k'ringat terhisap,
saat pasti akan tiba.
Setan siluman musnah lenyap,
surya cemerlang s'nantiasa!

Refrain (×2)

Greek translation

The Internationale is widely known among Greek people. The Communist Party of Greece is considered one of the most foundational parties in the country, having been founded in 1918. The party was banned in 1936 after the military coup d'etat, but continued to operate underground - communist party members were the main resistance group against the Axis powers during World War II. After the Greek Civil War, the party was banned once again. During the military junta, individuals accused of being communists were imprisoned, tortured, and even executed by the military dictatorship. Anger at the regime finally coalesced in the Athens Polytechnic uprising of 1973, where students, including communist supporters (primarily the educated youth), attempted to resist the dictatorship. These events solidified the Communist Party's reputation as a symbol of left-wing resistance against Nazism and dictatorial governments.

This is the Greek version of The Internationale and the anthem of the Communist Party of Greece:[34]

Transliteration Literal English translation
?
? -.
' ? ?
!

? .
?
? ? ?
? .!

?
.
?! ',
? ? ?.!

?, , ?
.

? ?, !


? ?.
?
!

?
.
?! ',
? ? ?!


? .
?
? !
Emprós tis gis oi kolasménoi
Tis peínas sklávoi emprós-emprós.
To díkio ap' ton kratíra vgaínei
Sa vrontí san keravnós!

Ftánoun pia tis sklaviás ta chrónia.
Óloi emeís oi tapeinoí tis gis
Pou zoúsame stin katafrónia
Tha gínoume to pan emeís.!

Ston Agóna Enoménoi
Ki as mi leípsei kaneís.
O! Na 'ti, mas prosménei
Ston kósmo i Diethnís.!

Theoí, archóntoi, vasiliádes
Me plána lógia mas geloún.
Tis gis oi doúloi ki oi ragiádes
Monachoí tous, tha sothoún!

Gia na spásoume ta desmá mas
Gia na pápsei pia i sklaviá.
Na niósoun prépei ti grothiá mas
Kai tis psychís mas ti fotiá!

Ston Agóna Enoménoi
Ki as mi leípsei kaneís.
O! Na 'ti, mas prosménei
Ston kósmo i Diethnís!

Kai an tolmísoun kai antikrísoun
Tis psychís mas tous keravnoús .
?ha doúne tóte an boroúne
Pos tha eínai oi sfaíres mas gia aftoús!
Stand up, oppressed of this world
Slaves of starvation go ahead.
Justice arises from the crater
Like lightning, like thunder!

Let's stop the years of slavery.
All of us, the oppressed on Earth
Who lived at the scorn
We all, will be everything!

At the struggle, united
And let everyone fight.
Oh there it is, it's waiting for us...
The Internationale!

Gods, lords and kings
Are deceiving us with false words.
The slaves and oppressed of this world
Are going to be saved without anyone's help!

In order to break our chains
In order to end slavery.
They must feel our fist
And the fire of our soul!

At the struggle, united
And let everyone fight.
Oh there it is, it's waiting for us...
The Internationale!

And if they dare to face
The lightning of our souls.
They will understand, if they can,
That our bullets are for them!

Korean translation

The Internationale is used in both Koreas, though it is more commonly used in the North. Despite no longer being a Communist State, the DPRK continues to utilize the Internationale in propaganda and music,[35] Party Congresses,[36] and even sports events.[37] In the South, the Internationale has been used by labor unions and protestors but remains less celebrated. As the northern lyrics are often considered too archaic and Communistic by southerners, there are 2 presently used versions of the Korean Internationale - the traditional lyrics, and the newer lyrics. While the northern lyrics borrow heavily from the Russian Internationale, the southern lyrics are completely original. In addition, the Southern refrain is longer and does not repeat.[38]

Korean
(Northern version)
Literal English translation

?, ,
? !
,
? ?!
?,
? !
? ?
!


|? ,
, ?!
,
! :|

? ,
!
? ,
!
,

,
? !



? ,
!
? ? ,
!
? ,
? ?,
,
!

Awaken, world of the hungry and slaves!
Those who are branded by a curse
Our blood is boiling and overflowing,
Ready for a critical decision
Let us destroy the old world's oppressive ways,
And build a new one
Those who have been trampled upon
Shall become the masters of everything!

Refrain
|: This is our final,
And decisive struggle
With the Internationale
Mankind will uprise! :|

Not God, not the king, not the hero
Is capable of saving us
Only with our own hands,
Can liberation be won!
Should we, with great skill
Ever destroy oppression,
Blow the furnace and hammer bravely,
While the iron is hot!

Refrain

We are, all across this earth
The great army of Labor
This land is ours
And the parasites will never have it!
Even if grand lighting,
Should strike the murderous hordes
On our heads, the sun
Resplendent, shall shine!

Refrain

Korean
(Southern version)
Literal English translation

?, ? ,
!
? -
!
? ,
? ?,
?,
? ?!


| ,
,
? ,
!
,

,
? ! |


,
?
?
,
?!
? ,
? !



?
? !
,
!
,
? ?,
? ,
? !

Arise, army of workers!
Cast your bridles off!
Justice burns with great fiercely,
As a volcanic crater does
O'er this cursed land
As we build a new world,
No old shackles
Can stop us!

Refrain
| Harken, the final battle,
And the cry of struggle!
People, let us stand
under liberation's banner!
History's earnest masters
For victory!
With the standard of the Internationale
Advance, and Advance! |

No high Yangban,
Nor noble Ideology
Even the crucifix, bound in the air
Are incapable of saving us!
To obtain what is rightfully ours,
Our hands like steel,
Break the chains of slavery,
Advance forwards to liberation!

Refrain

The powerful fist and nailed board
Both are weapons of ours
The weak will of the slave,
Let us dissolve it!
When in the land of ruins
The flowers of equality blossom,
Our new red sun
Shall dawn on the horizon!

Refrain

Japanese translation

The first Japanese translation of "The Internationale" was by K?koku Kozuka and was published in the newspaper "Labor World" in February 1903 under the title of "The Song of the World Party" as a revolutionary poem. In 1922, the fifth anniversary of the Russian Revolution, Takamaru Sasaki translated it for singing. However, this translation by Sasaki was a verbatim translation of the original poem that was forcibly applied to the notes and was lacking in strength. Therefore, at the beginning of the Showa era, the lyrics other than the refrain part were translated again by Sasaki and Seki Sano, resulting in the song as is currently being sung.

Japanese Romaji English translation


?(?) ?(?)
? ?
? ?()?

?

?



?()
? ()
?

?

?

Tate uetaru mono yo Ima zo hi wa chikashi
Same yo waga harakara Akatsuki wa Kinu
Bougyaku no kusari tatsu hi Hata wa chi ni moete
Umi wo hedatetsu warera Kaina musubi yuku

(×2) Iza tatakawan iza
Furuitate iza
Aa Int?nashonaru
Wareraga mono

Kike wareraga otakebi Tenchi todorokite
Kabane koyuru waga hata Yukute wo mamoru
Assei no kabe yaburite Kataki waga kaina
Ima zo takaku kakagen Waga shouri no hata

(×2) Iza tatakawan iza
Furuitate iza
Aa Int?nashonaru
Wareraga mono


Those who get up and starve,
now, the day will be soon
Wake up, my comrades,
The sun has already risen.
In the day we can off the tyrannical chains,
the red flag burns with our blood.
We're distantly separated by the seas,
but, let's go joining hands together.

(×2) Let's battle with,
Let's be brave!
Ah, the Internationale,
This is ours!

Listen, our scream,
The shouts reverberated across heaven, and earth.
The Red Flag overcame our comrade's corpse,
so it Protects our way.
We can destroy the wall of oppression,
cause, we've cooperated firmly.
Hoist high and high,
the red flag of our Victory.

(×2) Let's battle with,
Let's be brave!
Ah, the Internationale,
This is ours!

Portuguese translation

Originally translated to Iberian Portuguese by Neno Vasco in 1909 from the French version, a very similar version in Brazilian Portuguese was wildly disseminated during the general strike of 1917 by anarchists and anarcho-syndicalists. The main difference between the two versions is that in the third verse the Brazilian version goes "Lords, bosses, supreme chiefs" (Senhores, Patrões, chefs supremos) while the European version is "Messiah, God, supreme chiefs" (Messias, Deus, chefes supremos)

Portuguese
(European version)
Literal English translation

De pé, ó vítimas da fome!
De pé, famélicos da terra!
Da ideia a chama já consome
A crosta bruta que a soterra.
Cortai o mal bem pelo fundo!
De pé, de pé, não mais senhores!
Se nada somos neste mundo,
Sejamos tudo, oh produtores!

Chorus
Bem unidos façamos,
Nesta luta final,
Uma terra sem amos
A Internacional.

Messias, Deus, chefes supremos,
Nada esperemos de nenhum!
Sejamos nós quem conquistemos
A Terra-Mãe livre e comum!
Para não ter protestos vãos,
Para sair deste antro estreito,
Façamos nós por nossas mãos
Tudo o que a nós diz respeito!

Chorus

O crime do rico a lei o cobre,
O Estado esmaga o oprimido.
Não há direitos para o pobre,
Ao rico tudo é permitido.
À opressão não mais sujeitos!
Somos iguais todos os seres.
Não mais deveres sem direitos,
Não mais direitos sem deveres!

Chorus

Abomináveis na grandeza,
Os reis da mina e da fornalha
Edificaram a riqueza
Sobre o suor de quem trabalha!
Todo o produto de quem sua
A corja rica o recolheu.
Querendo que ela o restitua,
O povo só quer o que é seu!

Chorus

Nós fomos de fumo embriagados,
Paz entre nós, guerra aos senhores!
Façamos greve de soldados!
Somos irmãos, trabalhadores!
Se a raça vil, cheia de galas,
Nos quer à força canibais,
Logo verá que as nossas balas
São para os nossos generais!

Chorus

Pois somos do povo os activos
Trabalhador forte e fecundo.
Pertence a Terra aos produtivos;
Ó parasitas, deixa o mundo!
Ó parasita que te nutres
Do nosso sangue a gotejar,
Se nos faltarem os abutres
Não deixa o sol de fulgurar!

Chorus

On your feet, O victims of hunger!
Stand up, starved of the Earth!
The flame already consumes the idea
Of the crude crust that the underground.
Cut the evil right at the bottom!
Stand up, stand up, no more gentlemen!
If we are nothing in this world,
Let us be everything, oh producers!

Chorus
Well, united let us make,
In this final fight,
A land without masters
The International.

Messiah, God, supreme chiefs,
We expect nothing from any!
Let us be the ones who conquer
The free and common Mother Earth!
In order not to have vain protests,
To get out of this narrow den,
Let us do it with our hands
Everything that concerns us!

Chorus

The crime of the rich the law covers him,
The state crushes the oppressed.
There are no rights for the poor,
The rich are allowed everything.
No more subject to oppression!
We are equal to all beings.
No more duties without rights,
No more rights without duties!

Chorus

Abominable in grandeur,
The kings of the mine and the furnace
They built wealth
On the sweat of those who work!
All the product from which his
The rich crow picked it up.
Wanting her to restore it,
The people only want what is theirs!

Chorus

We were intoxicated smoking,
Peace among us, the war against you!
Let us strike soldiers!
We are brothers, workers!
If the vile race, full of galas,
He wants us, cannibals, forcibly,
Soon he'll see that our bullets
are for our generals!

Chorus

For we are of the people the assets
Strong and fruitful Worker.
The land belongs to the productive ones;
O parasites, leave the world!
O parasite that feeds
on our dripping blood,
If the vultures are missing,
don't let the sun shine!

Chorus

Vietnamese translation

The most widely circulated Vietnamese version, "Qu?c t? ca", was translated by composer Minh. An earlier translation, adapted by revolutionary leader H? Chí Minh using the traditional Vietnamese l?c bát verse form, was popular among Vi?t Minh soldiers during the August Revolution of 1945.

The song is included in the music curriculum for 8th-graders (aged 13) in Vietnam's K-12 education system. Since 2020, members of the Communist Party of Vietnam have been required to sing The Internationale during the flag salute ceremony at the start of Party meetings, after the national anthem.[39]

Vietnamese
( Minh's version)
Literal English translation

Vùng lên! H?i các nô l? ? th? gian
Vùng lên! H?i ai c?c kh? b?n hàn
S?c sôi nhi?t huy?t trong tim y ch?a r?i
Quy?t phen này s?ng ch?t mà thôi.

Ch? x?a ta mau phá s?ch tan tành
Toàn nô l?, vùng ng lên ?i
Nay mai cu?c i c?a toàn dân khác x?a
Bao nhiêu l?i quy?n ?t qua tay mình

Refrain
u tranh này là tr?n cu?i cùng
K?t ?oàn l?i ngày mai
Lanh-téc-na-xi-ông-na-l?
S? là xã h?i tng lai

Arise, slaves of this Earth
Arise, the poor and destitute
Whose hearts overflow with boiling fervor
Hell-bent on fighting or die trying

Hastily we move to tear down the old regime
All slaves, let's arise
Tomorrow, the people's lives will be different
And all privileges will be ours

Refrain
This struggle is the last fight
Let's unite so that tomorrow
The Internationale
Will be the society of the future!

Other translations

Popular references

References

  1. ^ Nic Maclellan (2004). Louise Michel: Rebel Lives. Ocean Press. pp. 7, 89. ISBN 9781876175764.
  2. ^ Donny Gluckstein. "Decyphering 'The Internationale'".
  3. ^ "Did you know that the composer of 'The Internationale' was Belgian?". Focus on Belgium. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ World Book Encyclopedia, 2018 ed., s.v. "Internationale, The"
  5. ^ "The International Anarchist Congress, Amsterdam, 1907" (PDF). www.fdca.it. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "SovMusic.ru - " Internationale "".
  7. ^ Gill 1998, 1st paragraph.
  8. ^ David Walls. "Billy Bragg's Revival of Aging Anthems: Radical Nostalgia or Activist Inspiration?". Sonoma State University.
  9. ^ Gill 1998, 9th paragraph.
  10. ^ Gill 1998, 11th paragraph.
  11. ^ Gill 1998.
  12. ^ "Ich habe die Kommunisten bezahlen lassen", Die Welt, Hans R. Beierlein [de], 2014-04-18.
  13. ^ Peter B. Hirtle. "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Archived from the original on 4 July 2012.
  14. ^ Year 1932 when Pierre De Geyter died, plus 80 years, would get to year 2012.
  15. ^ Vulser, Nicole (8 April 2005). "Siffloter 'L'Internationale' peut coûter cher". Le Monde (in French). Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ Gill 1998, 16th paragraph.
  17. ^ Robert Brécy, Florilège de la Chanson Révolutionnaire, De 1789 au Front Populaire, Éditions Ouvrières, Paris, 1990, page 137.
  18. ^ A. V. Lunacharskiy (ed.). "The International (in Russian)". Fundamental'naya Elektronnaya Biblioteka.
  19. ^ Walls, David (17 July 2007). "Billy Bragg's Revival of Aging Anthems: Radical Nostalgia or Activist Inspiration?". Sonoma State University.
  20. ^ Venturi, Riccardo; et al. (8 June 2005). "The Internationale" in 82 languages". Anti-War Songs.
  21. ^ Gaughan, Dick. "The Internationale". Dick Gaughan's Song Archive. I can see no more point in trying to 'modernise' it than I would in repainting the Cistine [sic] Chapel or rewriting Shakespeare's plays.
  22. ^ Benn, Tony (2014). A Blaze of Autumn Sunshine: The Last Diaries. Arrow Books. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-09-956495-9.
  23. ^ Billy Bragg - Internationale on YouTube, from the Pete Seeger 90th Birthday Concert (The Clearwater Concert) at Madison Square Garden, 3 May 2009.
  24. ^ https://www.newagebd.net/article/124773/remembering-hemanga-biswas-an-artivist-who-fought-to-have-it-all
  25. ^ https://www.ebanglalibrary.com/banglalyrics/554/%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%97%E0%A7%8B-%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%97%E0%A7%8B-%E0%A6%9C%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%97%E0%A7%8B-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%B0%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%AC%E0%A6%B9%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%BE/
  26. ^ """? ". culture.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "". www.yhcqw.com. Yanhuang Chunqiu. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ " – ? – ". cpc.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2018.
  29. ^ Amnesty International, 30 August 1989. Preliminary Findings on Killings of Unarmed Civilians, Arbitrary Arrests and Summary Executions Since 3 June 1989, p. 19
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 June 2004. Retrieved 2004.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 January 2006. Retrieved 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "The Internationale: Tibetan (:)". Youtube. Retrieved 2021.
  33. ^ "The Internationale in Filipino". Josemariasison.org. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "stixoi.info ( ? )". stixoi.info. Retrieved 2021.
  35. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=6b4jgV1nW80&t=28s
  36. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=HQAjS1fiY3I&t=10s
  37. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=8L2HBVF1uIg
  38. ^ http://www.popflock.com/video?id=tXYA6XE4uoI
  39. ^ "T? hào v?i nh?ng giai ?i?u "vùng lên"" [Take pride in "uprising" songs] (in Vietnamese). 18 June 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  40. ^ Yevtushenko, Yevgeny. "Babi Yar." 1961. The Collected Poems 1952-1990 by Yevgeny Yectushenko. pp. 1-3.
  41. ^ Braester, Yomi (2001). "Memory at a standstill: 'street-smart history' in Jiang Wen's in the Heat of the Sun". Screen. 42 (4): 350-362. doi:10.1093/screen/42.4.350.
  42. ^ Soundtrack, Land and Freedom, IMDb
  43. ^ "Manic Street Preachers - If You Tolerate This Your Children Will Be Next".
  44. ^ "Manic Street Preachers".

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

The_Internationale
 



 



 
Music Scenes