Sir Thomas Martin Devine (born 30 July 1945) is a historian and author. Financial Times in 2021, described him as "Scotland's most distinguished historian since Thomas Carlyle" (1795-1881), known as "the sage of the age.".
Devine has been awarded 24 national and international prizes, accolades, honorary degrees and distinctions during his career from 1976 to 2021. 
Thomas Martin Devine was born in Motherwell, Scotland. His four grandparents had migrated from Ireland in the late nineteenth century. His father, Michael Gerard Devine, graduated with an MA from Glasgow University in the 1930s and had a long career as a teacher in Scottish secondary schools after serving in North Africa in World War II. His mother was Norah (née Martin). Thomas Devine graduated from the University of Strathclyde in 1968 with First Class Honours in economic and social history, the only first class degree in the subject awarded for ten years thereafter. He has five children with his wife, Lady Catherine, including Elizabeth, Noreen, Kathryna, Michael and John (RIP).
In 1969, a few months after commencing doctoral research, Devine was hired at the University of Strathclyde, where he was appointed assistant lecturer in history and eventually rose to head of the history department. He was appointed professor of Scottish history in 1988, and later became dean of the faculty of arts and social sciences, and then deputy principal of the university from 1994 to 1998. In 1991, Devine was awarded a DLitt (Doctor of Letters) by the university in recognition of the quality of his research.
In 1998, he moved to the University of Aberdeen and became the founding director of the newly established Research Institute of Irish and Scottish Studies. He was also appointed to the Chair of the Glucksman Professorship of Irish and Scottish Studies.
From 2006 to 2011, Devine was the Sir William Fraser Chair of Scottish History and Palaeography at the University of Edinburgh and Senior Personal Research Professor of History, 2011-2015. In 2008, he became the director of the Scottish Centre for Diaspora Studies. He retired from Edinburgh in 2015 and became the Sir William Fraser Professor Emeritus of Scottish History and Palaeography. His retirement celebration was held in McEwan Hall.
Devine was listed as one of the top 20 "most powerful and influential people in Scotland" by The Herald in 2015, which described him as "the nation's preeminent historian... who has reshaped the way the Scottish past is viewed". He was ranked seventh most influential Catholic in Britain by The Tablet in 2015 and was described as the "intellectual heavyweight behind Scottish nationalism".
Devine was awarded the Senior Hume Brown Prize for the best first book in Scottish history (1976); the Saltire Society Prize for best book on Scottish History (1988-1991); and the Royal Society of Edinburgh Henry Duncan Prize and Lectureship (1993).
In 1992, Devine was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) in 1993 and of the British Academy in 1994. He was elected an Honorary Member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2001 ('for excellence in the humanities or sciences based on first-class world standards') making him a member of all three national academies in the British Isles for which he is eligible. He is also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, and the Royal Society of Arts. Devine was awarded the Royal Medal, Scotland's supreme academic accolade, on the authority of Queen Elizabeth II in 2001.  He was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2005 New Year Honours for services to Scottish history. In 2012, he was awarded the RSE's inaugural Sir Walter Scott Prize for his contributions to Scottish history, and in 2013 won the RSE's Senior Prize for Public Engagement across all disciplines. Other accolades received during this period include the John Aikenhead Medal from the Institute of Contemporary Scotland for services to Education in Scotland (2006) and the Wallace Medal of the US-based American Scottish Foundation for distinguished contributions to building cultural ties between the US and Scotland (2016).
In July 2018, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award of the UK all-party parliamentary group on Archives and History of the House of Commons and House of Lords, the first historian from a Scottish university to receive the award.
In 2020, Devine was nominated as an Honorary Member of the writer's association Scottish Pen 'rarely granted to those who have made a distinctive contribution to Scottish literature and whose work has advanced our literary tradition'. 
In 2021 he was elected a Member of the Academy of Europe (MAE). 
In all TM Devine has published 128 books, edited volumes, journal articles and chapters in edited collections ,as well as numerous reviews, articles, interviews and comments in periodicals and the press/other media in the UK, Canada, USA, Japan, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway.