Tribunus Angusticlavius
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Tribunus Angusticlavius

A tribunus angusticlavius ("narrow-striped tribune"; plural: tribuni angusticlavii) was a senior military officer in the Roman legions during the late Roman Republic and the Principate.

The tribunus angusticlavius was a junior military tribune who was at least 20 years old,[1] chosen from among the Equestrian order, as opposed to the tribunus laticlavius, who was chosen from the Senatorial class. There were five to each legion, identified by a narrow purple stripe (angustus clavus or angusticlavus) on their tunics.[2] Despite their youth, the tribunes had previous experience, usually as a praefectus leading a quingenary auxiliary cohort.[2] Their duties varied, mostly staff work, but also lead two cohorts.[3] The next step of promotion was often as praefectus of a 500-strong cavalry ala.[2] There were 141 of these at a time.[4]

References

  1. ^ Sara, Phang; Iain, Spence; Douglas, Kelly; Peter, Londey (2016). Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome [3 volumes]: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 1273. ISBN 9781610690201.
  2. ^ a b c Southern, Pat (2007). The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History. Oxford University Press. p. 332. ISBN 0195328787.
  3. ^ Sara, Phang; Iain, Spence; Douglas, Kelly; Peter, Londey (2016). Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome [3 volumes]: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 1140. ISBN 9781610690201.
  4. ^ Maxfield, Valerie A. (1981). The Military decorations of the Roman army. University of California: University of California Press. p. 241. ISBN 9780520044999.

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