|Ethnicity||Asante people, Akuapem, Bono people|
|947,000 (2004)  (2015)|
Official language in
|Ashanti City-State and the Ashanti City-State capital Kumasi|
Ghana (both dialects used in national status)
|Regulated by||Akan Orthography Committee|
Twi (Akan: [ti]), also known as Akan kasa, or Akan-speak, is a dialect of the Akan language spoken in southern and central Ghana by several million people, mainly of the Akan people, the largest of the seventeen major ethnic groups in Ghana. Twi has about 17-18 million speakers in total, including second-language speakers; about 80% of the Ghanaian population speaks Twi as a first or second language. Like other West-African languages, Twi is a tonal language.
Twi is a common name for mutually intelligible former literary dialects of the Akan language, Fante, Bono, Asante, and Akuapem. Akuapem, as the first Akan dialect to be used for Bible translation, has become the prestige dialect as a result. It is also spoken by the people of southeastern Côte d'Ivoire.
|Nasal||voiced||m ?m?||n ?n?||? ?ny, n?||? ?ng, n?|
|Stop||voiced||b ?b?||d ?d?||g ?g?|
|aspirated||p? ?p?||t? ?t?||k? ?k?|
|Affricate||aspirated||t ~ c?ç? ?ky?|
|voiced||d ?dw?||d ~ ?gy?|
|Fricative||voiceless||f ?f?||s ?s?||ç ?hy?||h ?h?|
|Approximant||j ?y?||w ?w?|
|Tap/Flap||? ?r?||? ?r?|
Twi has at least 5 tones: high, mid, low, rising, falling.
Twi contains the diphthongs /ao/, /e?/, /ei/, /ia/, /ie/, /o?/, /ue/, and /uo/.
The letters C, J, V and Z are also used, but only in loanwords.
The Akan peoples use a common Akan (Ghana) naming system of giving the first name to a child, based on the day of the week that the child was born. Almost all the tribes and clans in Ghana have a similar custom.
|Day||Male name||Female name|
|Dwoada (Monday)||Kwadwo, Kojo||Adwoa|
|Wukuada (Wednesday)||Kweku, Kwaku||Akua|
|Kwasiada (Sunday)||Akwasi, Kwasi, Kwesi||Asi, Akosua, Esi|