Type 87 ARV
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Type 87 ARV
Komatsu Type 87 ARV
JGSDF Type87 reconnaissance vehicle 20120527-03.JPG
The Type 87 on display at Camp Takeyama.
TypeArmoured Fighting Vehicle
Place of originJapan
Service history
In service1987 - present
Used byJapanese Ground Self-Defense Forces
Production history
Designed1983
ManufacturerKomatsu
Unit cost2,5 million yen
Produced1987
Specifications
Mass15 tonnes
Length5.99 m
Width2.48m
Height2.8m
Crew5 (driver, radio operator, gunner, observer and commander)

Armor8mm Rolled homogeneous armour[1]
Main
armament
25mm Oerlikon Autocannon
Secondary
armament
Type 74 7.62mm Machinegun
EngineIsuzu 10PBI diesel engine
305 hp / 2,700 rpm[2]
Suspensioncoil springs
Ground clearance1.5 m
Operational
range
500 km
Maximum speed 100 km/h

The Type 87 Reconnaissance and Patrol Vehicle, also known as Burakkuai (Romaji for "black eye") or Type 87 ARV (for Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle) for short, is a 6x6 wheeled Armoured Fighting Vehicle designed and manufactured by multinational heavy industry manufacturer Komatsu Limited and employed exclusively by the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces. The JGSDF continued to commission new units up until as recently as 2013[3]

History

After World War II, the United States provided the newly-created Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces with a number of variants of the M8 Greyhound armoured car. However, a relatively small number of these were employed due to concerns about the poor quality of roads in Japan, as many Japanese roads were unpaved and poorly maintained, limiting the feasibility of wheeled vehicles for military service. By 1982, Japanese infrastructure had greatly improved, motivating the development of the first armoured fighting vehicle developed and manufactured by Japanese industry for the Japanese armed forces, the successful Type 82 'Shikitsu' Command Vehicle. Tests for the Type 87 began in 1985 and the Type 87 would later finish developed by Komatsu based on the earlier Type 82.

Features

The Type 87 features the same kind of hull construction that is common for armored military vehicles, where the armoured exterior of the vehicle acts both as protection and as the main structural framework, as opposed to the chasis-and-coachwork structure that is typical of civilian and non-armored construction. Its rectangular body is sloped in the front and accommodates five crew members, two of which occupy the powered-traverse turret located in the center of the hull. The vehicle's door is on the left of the main body.

The Type 87's hull is made out of steel and is fully welded, and utilizes many of the same automotive components of the Type 82 and features power steering. The main armament is a Japanese version of the Oerlikon Contraves 25 millimeter autocannon produced under licence, which can fire various kinds of ammunition at up to 600 rounds per minute. Its armor, while sturdy enough to protect the vehicle and crew against small arms fire and grenade shrapnel, will not protect against heavier ordnance. It is well armed for its class but lacks truly amphibious capabilities, being only able to ford up to 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) of water.

Comparison of Similar Platforms
JapanType 87 Soviet UnionBRDM-2 SpainVEC-M1 GermanySpähpanzer Luchs
portrait Type87 scout and caution vehicle.jpg BRDM-2 on a military parade.JPEG VEC Zaragoza.jpg Panzermuseum Munster 2010 0634.JPG
Length 5.99m 5.75m 6.2m 7.74m
Width 2.48m 2.35m 2.5m 2.98m
height 2.80m 2.31m 2.51m 2.84m
mass 15.0t 7.7t 13.75t 19.5t
top speed 100 km/h 100 km/h 99 km/h 90 km/h
amphibious? no yes yes yes
crew 5 4 5 4
Weapons 25mm Oerlikon auto-cannon
Type 74 7.62mm machine-gun
KPV 14.5mm heavy machine gun×1
PKT 7.62mm machine-gun
M242 auto-cannon
MG3 7.62mm machine-gun
Rheinmetal MK20 auto-cannon
MG3 7.62mm machine-gun

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Type 87 AFV". www.tanks-encyclopedia.com.
  2. ^ ARG. "Type 87 Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle - Military-Today.com". www.military-today.com.
  3. ^ "?:". www.mod.go.jp.
  • Chant, Christopher (1987). A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware. Routledge.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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