US Mortgage Terminology
Get US Mortgage Terminology essential facts below. View Videos or join the US Mortgage Terminology discussion. Add US Mortgage Terminology to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
US Mortgage Terminology

Terms pertaining to American mortgages include:

Main two types

Origination and Re-Financing

  • Origination: starting from the scrap, Ex, A person wants to buy a home and goes to the bank for the same will get loan of 80% of their LTV.
  • Re-finance: defaulted borrower can apply for the same refinancing procedure to re modify the loan term, interest rate.

Mortgage types

  • Adjustable rate mortgage or ARM - A mortgage where the interest rate adjusts relative to a specified index + margin. E.g. COFI, LIBOR etc.
  • Hybrid ARM - An adjustable rate mortgage where the initial 'start' rate is fixed for some portion of time (3,5,7, or 10 years) thereafter the interest rate adjusts (yearly or bi-annually) based on the sum of a specified index + margin. E.g. 2/28 Arm, 3/1 Arm, 5/1 Arm, 7/1 Arm, 10/1 Arm, 3/6month arm, etc...
  • Fixed rate mortgage or FRM - A mortgage where the interest rate and payment are fixed for the term of the loan.
  • Negative amortization mortgage - where the payment may be less than the monthly accrued interest, and the outstanding interest is capitalized monthly into the loan balance.
  • Balloon payment mortgage - A mortgage most commonly used in commercial real estate. The Balloon payment mortgage does not fully amortize over the term of the note, which leaves a balance due at maturity, known as a "balloon payment."
  • Interest only mortgage - A type of mortgage where the borrower pays only the accruing interest on the principal balance. These payments on interest leave the principal balance unchanged.


  • Yield spread premium
  • A par rate is the lowest interest rate a borrower qualifies for, given by the lender.
  • Reset: interest rate and thus payments change periodically on ARMs.

See also

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes