Ulrich I, Duke of Brno
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Ulrich I, Duke of Brno

Ulrich I, Duke of Brno
Ulrich I, Duke of Brno
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BornBrno
Died(1113-01-05)5 January 1113
Brno
BuriedSt. Procopius Basilica in T?ebí?
Noble familyP?emyslid dynasty - cadet line Conradine
Spouse(s)unknown
Issue
FatherConrad I. Duke of Brno
MotherWirpirk of Tengling

Ulrich I, Duke of Brno (Czech: Old?ich Brn?nský, German: Ulrich von Brünn, Latin: Udalricus Brunensis; died 5 January 1113) was the Duke of Moravia for twenty one years - between 1092 and 1113. He was the first son and successor of Conrad I, of Brno (died 1092) and Wirpirk of Tengling. He did not succeed as half ruler of Moravia (diarch), for all half of Moravia (the west one) as his father Conrad I, but Brno was divided into two parts: Brno and Znojmo and Ulrich was co-ruler in this part with his brother Luitpold of Znojmo.[1][2] Both brothers together established a benedictine cloister and its St. Procopius Basilica in T?ebí? and prepared as mausoleum for Brno-Znojmo branch House of P?emyslid.

He had long ruled over Moravia (as diarch in Brno) for 21 years, once interrupted by illegitimate regency: (1099-1100 by Bretislaus II)

By his marriage to an unknown princess, he probably had two children:[notes 2]

  • Vratislav (or Wratislaus), Duke of Brno from 1125 to 1129 and from 1130 to his death in 1146
  • Nadia (?),(or Nadine, original , Czech Nad?j)

He was succeeded legitimately as prince of Brno by his son Wratislaus of Brno.

Domestic policy

Ulrich and Luitpold initially ruled in the Brno part (the western one) of the duchy of Moravia, until 1099 when they were evicted illegitimately by Bretislaus II. Later they enforced a return of the Brno part of the Moravian duchy - with the help of the Bavarian armed troops as well as indirect support by Emperor Henry IV (whom he visited in early February 1101 in Frankfurt), according to the principles of agnatic seniority. After they returned to the duchy of Brno, the brothers divided it into two subparts named Brno (principality) and Znojmo (principality), where they continued to reign in certain local territorial union. In 1104 they together founded a Benedictine abbey in T?ebí? whose convent church of St. Procopius was intended as their own dynastic mausoleum where they were both buried.

Emperor Henry IV gave Ulrich insignia of rank and banner (vexillum) for their reign in the duchy.

All the Moravian lines of P?emysl dynasty as a whole were systematically associated with dynastic marriages with princesses of major royal and ducal dynasties, especially Árpád dynasty, Rurik dynasty, Piast dynasty, Nemanji? dynasty-senior line Vukanovi? [notes 3] and houses of bavarian monarchs, as it was the other way around (vice versa). Members of the Moravian dynasty were fully predisposed to take over the central throne (for both countries - Bohemia and Moravia) in Prague, under the principles of agnatic seniority.

Family tree

Bretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
d. 6 September 1055
  Judith of Schweinfurt
d. after 1052
  Sieghard VII of Tengling
d. 5 July 1044
  Philihild of Andechs
d. 23 October 1075
         
     
  Conrad I, Duke of Brno
d. 10 January 1092
  Wirpirk of Tengling
d.after 1052
 
     
   
Unknown princess (Adelheid )
d. ?
OO   ?
Ulrich I. of Brno
d. 5 January 1113
                   
                   
Wratislaus of Brno
  d. 1146
 
Nadia (daughter)
 
 

Ancestry

See also

Citations and notes

  1. ^ Face identity by: KRZEMIE?SKA, Barbara; MERAHAUTOVÁ, Ane?ka;T?E?TÍK,Du?an (2000). Morav?tí P?emyslovci ve Znojemské rotund?. Praha: SetOut. p.139
  2. ^ Person is unknown, but names of both children indicate probably slavic origin of princess (mother) - Polish or Kievan
  3. ^ Daughter Maria of Uro? I, of Rascia

References

Bibliography

  • COSMAS, (Canonicus Pragensis); Chronica Boëmorum. (Latin)
  • COSMAS of Prague, (Canon of Prague),Translated by Lisa Wolverton (2009); Chronicle of the Czechs (Chronicle of Bohemias). The Catholic university of America Press. (English)
  • KRZEMIE?SKA, Barbara; MERAHAUTOVÁ, Ane?ka; T?E?TÍK, Du?an (2000). Morav?tí P?emyslovci ve Znojemské rotund?. Praha: SetOut. 135 p.. ISBN 80-86277-09-7. (in Czech)
  • WOLVERTON, Lisa (2001).Hastening toward Prague. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-3613-0 (English)
  • REITINGER, Luká?. Nekrologia klá?tera Pegau. Pozapomenuté sv?dectví o P?emyslovcích (nejen) Kosmova v?ku. In: WIHODA, Martin; REITINGER, Luká? (2010). Prom?na st?edovýchodní Evropy raného a vrcholného st?edov?ku. Brno : Matice moravská, . ISBN 978-80-86488-69-1. p. 373-374 (in Czech)
  • GROSMANNOVÁ, Dagmar (2010). Medieval Coinage in Moravia. In: GALU?KA, Lud?k; MITÁ?EK, Ji?í; NOVOTNÁ Lea. Treasures of Moravia. Brno: Moravian Museum Press. ISBN 978-80-7028-371-4. p. 371-374 (English)
  • MOLECZ, P. (2003):Die Hanthaler-Fälschungen im Lilielnfelder Nekrolog am Beispiel der Schwestern des Heiligen Leopold. Eine Beitrag zur Barocken Wischenschaftsgeschichte und Babenbergergenealogie. MIÖG 111, p. 241-284, exact 360-365. (in German)
  • SOMMER, Petr; T?E?TÍK, Du?an; ?EMLI?KA, Josef, a kol. P?emyslovci. Budování ?eského státu. Praha : Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 2009. 779 s. ISBN 978-80-7106-352-0.
  • WIHODA, Martin. Morava v dob? kní?ecí 906-1197. Praha : Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 2010. 464 s. ISBN 978-80-7106-563-0.
  • M?CHUROVÁ, Zde?ka (2010). From the medieval history of Moravia. In: GALU?KA, Lud?k; MITÁ?EK, Ji?í; NOVOTNÁ Lea. Treasures of Moravia. Brno: Moravian Museum Press. ISBN 978-80-7028-371-4. p. 107-115 (English)
  • ?EMLI?KA, Josef (2005). P?emyslovci. Jak ?ili, vládli, umírali. Praha: Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, . 497 s. ISBN 80-7106-759-8. (in Czech)

External links


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