United States House Committee On the Judiciary
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United States House Committee On the Judiciary

House Judiciary Committee
Standing committee
Seal of the United States House of Representatives.svg
United States House of Representatives
117th Congress
FormedJune 6, 1813
ChairJerry Nadler (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Ranking memberJim Jordan (R)
Since March 12, 2020
Vice chairMary Gay Scanlon (D)
Since January 3, 2019
Political partiesMajority (24)
Minority (17)
Senate counterpartSenate Committee on the Judiciary

The U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, also called the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It is charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the federal courts, administrative agencies and Federal law enforcement entities. The Judiciary Committee is also the committee responsible for impeachments of federal officials. Because of the legal nature of its oversight, committee members usually have a legal background, but this is not required.

In the 117th Congress, the chairman of the committee is Democrat Jerry Nadler of New York,[1] and the ranking minority member is Republican Jim Jordan of Ohio.


The committee was created on June 3, 1813[2] for the purpose of considering legislation related to the judicial system. This committee approved articles of impeachment against Presidents in five instances: Andrew Johnson (1867 and 1868), Richard Nixon (1974), Bill Clinton (1998), and Donald Trump (2019/2021).

In the 115th Congress, the chairman of the committee was Republican Bob Goodlatte of Virginia, and the ranking minority member was initially Democrat John Conyers of Michigan. On November 26, 2017, Conyers stepped down from his position as ranking member, while he faced an ethics investigation.[3] On November 28, 2017, Jerrold Nadler of New York was named as acting ranking member.

In the 116th Congress, the House flipped from Republican to Democratic control. Doug Collins, a Republican from Georgia's 9th congressional district, became ranking member and served from 2019 to 2020. In early 2020, Collins stepped down from his leadership position when he became a candidate in the 2020 special election held to replace retiring Georgia Senator Johnny Isakson. Under House Republican rules, members must relinquish leadership positions if they launch a bid for another office.[4] Collins was succeeded as ranking member by Jim Jordan, who represents Ohio's 4th congressional district.

Predecessor committees

Members, 117th Congress

Majority Minority

Resolutions electing members: H.Res. 9 (Chair), H.Res. 10 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 62 (D), H.Res. 63 (R)


List of chairs

Chairman Party State Years
Charles J. Ingersoll Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1813 -
Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican Virginia 1815 -
John Sergeant Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania 1819 -
Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican Virginia 1822 -
Daniel Webster Federalist Massachusetts 1823 -
Philip P. Barbour Democratic Virginia 1827 -
James Buchanan Democratic Pennsylvania 1829 -
Warren R. Davis Democratic South Carolina 1831 -
John Bell Democratic Tennessee 1832 -
Thomas F. Foster Whig Georgia 1834 -
Samuel Beardsley Democratic New York 1835 -
Francis Thomas Democratic Maryland 1836 -
John Sergeant Whig Pennsylvania 1839 -
Daniel D. Barnard Whig New York 1841 -
William Wilkins Democratic Pennsylvania 1843 -
Romulus M. Saunders Democratic North Carolina 1844 -
George O. Rathbun Democratic New York 1845 -
Joseph R. Ingersoll Whig Pennsylvania 1847 -
James Thompson Democratic Pennsylvania 1849 -
James X. McLanahan Democratic Pennsylvania 1851 -
Frederick P. Stanton Democratic Tennessee 1853 -
George A. Simmons Whig & Republican New York 1855 -
George S. Houston Democratic Alabama 1857 -
John Hickman Republican Pennsylvania 1859 -
James F. Wilson Republican Iowa 1863 -
John A. Bingham Republican Ohio 1869 -
Benjamin F. Butler Republican Massachusetts 1873 -
James P. Knott Democratic Kentucky 1875 -
Thomas Brackett Reed Republican Maine 1881 -
John R. Tucker Democratic Virginia 1883 -
David B. Culberson Democratic Texas 1887 -
Ezra B. Taylor Republican Ohio 1889 -
David B. Culberson Democratic Texas 1891 -
David B. Henderson Republican Iowa 1895 -
George W. Ray Republican New York 1899 -
John J. Jenkins Republican Wisconsin 1903 -
Richard W. Parker Republican New Jersey 1909 -
Henry De Lamar Clayton Democratic Alabama 1911 -
Edwin Y. Webb Democratic North Carolina 1914 -
Andrew J. Volstead Republican Minnesota 1919 -
George S. Graham Republican Pennsylvania 1923 -
Hatton W. Sumners Democratic Texas 1931 -
Earl C. Michener Republican Michigan 1947 -
Emanuel Celler Democratic New York 1949 -
Chauncey W. Reed Republican Illinois 1953 -
Emanuel Celler Democratic New York 1955 -
Peter W. Rodino Jr. Democratic New Jersey 1973 -
Jack Brooks Democratic Texas 1989 -
Henry Hyde Republican Illinois 1995 -
Jim Sensenbrenner Republican Wisconsin 2001 -
John Conyers Democratic Michigan 2007 -
Lamar Smith Republican Texas 2011 -
Bob Goodlatte Republican Virginia 2013 -
Jerrold Nadler Democratic New York 2019 -

Historical membership rosters

116th Congress

Majority Minority

Sources: H.Res. 24 (Chair), H.Res. 25 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 46 (D), H.Res. 68 (R), H.Res. 903 (R), H.Res. 1037 (R)


115th Congress

Majority Minority

Sources: H.Res. 6 (Chair), H.Res. 45 (D), H.Res. 51 (R) and H.Res. 95 (D)

114th Congress

Majority Minority


112th Congress

Majority Minority


111th Congress

Majority Minority

Task forces

Antitrust Task Force: 108th Congress

Chairman: Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI); Ranking member: John Conyers (D-MI)

The Antitrust Task Force during the 108th Congress existed from March 26, 2003, to September 26, 2003. All Judiciary Committee Members also served as members of the Task Force,[9] and conducted hearings and investigations into consolidation of the Bell Telephone Companies.[10]

Antitrust Task Force: 110th Congress

Chairman: John Conyers (D-MI); Ranking member: Steve Chabot (R-OH)

The Antitrust Task Force during the 110th Congress was established February 28, 2007, as a temporary subcommittee to examine the pending merger between XM Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio.[11] The task force operated like any other subcommittee, except that it only has a six-month term. House Rules limit each full committee to just five subcommittees, and any task force, special subcommittee, or other subunit of a standing committee that is established for a cumulative period longer than six months in a Congress counts against that total.[12] A longer term for the task force would cause the Judiciary Committee to exceed this limit.

Judicial Impeachment: 110th and 111th Congresses

Chairman: Adam Schiff (D-CA);[13] Ranking member: Bob Goodlatte (R-VA)[13]

Established in September 2008,[14] the Judicial Task force on Judicial Impeachment was to look into charges against District Judge Thomas Porteous.[14] The investigation was not completed by the end of the 110th Congress, and it was reestablished after the 111th Congress convened in January 2009.[15] The responsibilities of the Task Force were expanded to include the case of Judge Samuel B. Kent,[16] leading to hearings[17] and his subsequent impeachment by the full House of Representatives.[18] The Task force finally voted to impeach Porteous on January 21, 2010.



See also


  1. ^ Estepa, Jessica (November 29, 2017). "Rep. Jerrold Nadler takes over as top Democrat on House Judiciary". USA Today. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ https://history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1800-1850/The-creation-of-the-Judiciary-Comm-1813_June_1/
  3. ^ Wilkinson, Tracy (November 26, 2017). "Rep. John Conyers quits House committee post amid sexual harassment probe". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Beavers, Olivia; Brufke, Juliegrace (February 6, 2020). "House Republicans move Jordan to Judiciary, Meadows to Oversight". The Hill. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Chairman Nadler Welcomes New Democratic Members and Announces Democratic Subcommittee Assignments for 117th Congress
  6. ^ Ranking Member Jordan Announces Republican Subcommittee Assignments for 117th Congress
  7. ^ "Collins Announces Ranking Members for House Judiciary Subcommittees". House Judiciary Committee. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ Bachus news release Dec. 19
  9. ^ Judiciary Task Force on Antitrust
  10. ^ House Antitrust Task Force, Antitrust Review.com
  11. ^ Anti-Trust Panel to Examine XM-Sirius Merger United States House Committee on the Judiciary Press Release, February 27, 2007
  12. ^ Rules of the House of Representatives, Rule X(b)(C), Page 12
  13. ^ a b "House Judiciary Committee Announces Retention of Alan Baron to Lead Inquiry into Possible Impeachment of Judge Porteous" (Press release). U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. October 2, 2008. Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  14. ^ a b "House panel moves toward impeaching a judge". Associated Press. September 18, 2008. Retrieved 2009.
  15. ^ Conyers, John Jr. (January 6, 2009). "H. Res. 15: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach G. Thomas Porteous, a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 2009.
  16. ^ Conyers, John Jr. (May 29, 2009). "H. Res. 424: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach Samuel B. Kent, a judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved 2009.
  17. ^ "Victims allege years of sexual misconduct by federal judge". CNN. June 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009.
  18. ^ Powell, Stewart (June 19, 2009). "U.S. House impeaches Kent". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009. In action so rare it has been carried out only 14 times since 1803, the House on Friday impeached a federal judge -- imprisoned U.S. District Court Judge Samuel B. Kent...

External links

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