The historical region of Bahrain on a 1745 Bellin map.
|Capital||Al-Hasa, Qatif and Awal|
|Common languages||Classical Arabic|
|List of first and last Sheikh|
o 1074 (first)
|Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni|
o 1239 (last)
|Emad Al Deen Mohamad bin Masod|
o (651 AH), the Bedouin Usfurids brought down the Uyunid dynasty, thereby gaining control over eastern Arabia, including the islands of Bahrain.
The Uyunid Emirate, Uyunid Kingdom or Uyunid State (Arabic: ), was founded by Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni in 1076-1077. The tribe seized the country from the Qarmatians with the military assistance of the Great Seljuq Empire in 1077-1078 AD. The country mainly consisted of the region of Bahrain in the east of the Arabian Peninsula.
Under Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Abu'l-Hussin b. Abu Sinan, the Uyunid's territory stretched from Najd to the Syrian desert. Due to the influence of the Uyunid kingdom, Caliph al-Nasir li-Din Allah gave Muhammad b. Ahmad authority to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca. Muhammad was later murdered by a family member, instigated by his cousin, Gharir b. Shukr b. Ali. In the years 587 - 605 H. Mohammed bin Abi Al-hussain unites Qatif and Al-Hasa.
The country was mainly Bahrain (historical region) in the east of the Arabian Peninsula. It stretched from the south of Basra along the Persian Gulf coast and included the regions of Kuwait, al-Hasa, Qatif, Qatar, and the Awal Islands, now known as Bahrain, UAE and to the edges of Oman. The Uyunid's territory stretched from Najd to the Syrian desert. Due to the influence of the Uyunid kingdom, Caliph al-Nasir li-Din Allah gave Muhammad b. Ahmad authority to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca.
|Parent house||Abdul Qays|
|Founder||Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni|
|Final ruler||Fadl III ibn Muhammad|
|Cadet branches||Al Ghardaqa|
The Uyunid dynasty were an Arab dynasty that ruled Uyunid Emirate for almost 200 years, from the 11th to the 13th centuries. They were the remnants of Bani Abdul Qays tribe and seized the country from the Qarmatians with the military assistance of Great Seljuq Empire in the year 1077-1078 AD.
The Uyunid dynasty ruled with the Maliki school of jurisprudence. Sheikh Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni, commanded that the spread of the Maliki school, throughout the kingdom. To this day countries in this region follow the Maliki jurisprudence, such as, UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, kuwait.
The Uyunids sect is disputed; some sources mention they were Shia, others Sunni. According to Nakash, the populations of Bahrain, Hasa, and Qatif, may have accepted Twelver Shi'ism during this period. On the other hand, Iraqi historian Safa Khulusi said they were Sunni. Over all the population living within the kingdom were mostly Muslim, however there are two different sect within the kingdom, Sunni and Shi'a.
Ali bin al Mugrab Al Uyuni, a poet from al-Hasa, died in 630 AH (1232 AD), one of the late known poets specialists hair systems eloquent among the people of the Arabian Peninsula before the modern era.[clarification needed] Percentage due to Al Uyuni built from Abdul Qays, who ruled Ahsa in that period after extracted from Qarmatians. Al Uyuni poet, and is considered his office and explanations which are attached by one of the most important sources on the history of that state.
The Khamis Mosque is believed to be the first mosque in Bahrain, built during the era of the Umayyad caliph Umar II. According to Al Wasat journalist Kassim Hussain, other sources mention that it was built in a later era during the rule of Uyunids with one minaret. The second was built two centuries later during the rule of Usfurids. The identical twin minarets of this ancient Islamic monument make it easily noticeable as one drives along the Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis.
It is considered to be one of the oldest mosques in the region, as its foundation is believed to have been laid as early as 692 AD. An inscription found on the site, however, suggests a foundation date of sometime during the 11th century. It has since been rebuilt twice in both the 14th and 15th centuries, when the minarets were constructed. The Khamis mosque has been partially restored recently.