Vigilius of Thapsus
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Vigilius of Thapsus

Vigilius of Thapsus (before 484) also known as Vigilius Tapsensis, Vigilius Afer,[1] or Vergil of Tapso,[2] was a 5th-century Bishop of Thapsus in the province Byzacium, in what is now Tunisia,[3] and as well as a theological writer and polemicist.

After the Synod of 484, he was probably banished by the Vandal king Huneric, who supported Arianism, for his Trinitarian beliefs, along with other Catholics.[4][5] He may have fled to Constantinople.[6]

Works

He wrote one treatise, Adversus Nestorium et Eutychem Libri quinque pro defesione Synodi Chalcedonensis, often shortened to simply Contra Eutychetem, in five volumes, according to the Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature.[7] It provides a summary of the arguments against Eutychianism and defends Chalcedonian Christianity.[8]

The Catholic Encyclopedia attributes another work to him, a series of dialogues:[a] Contra Arianos, Sabellianos, et Photinianos; Athanasio, Ario, Sabellio, Photino et Probo judice, interlocutoribus.[6] The dialog takes the form of a fictional debate among Arius, Sabellius, Photinus and a judge, Probus.[5]

Other dialogues and treatises are said to be written by him; these include works often attributed to other authors (including Hydatius, Ambrose, and Augustine), possibly due to controversy.[1] The following is a partial list:[3]

  • Contra Felicianum, de Unitate Trinitatis, ad Optatum
  • Altercatio sub nomine Athanasii adversus Arium
  • De Trinitate[b]
  • De Trinitate adversus Varimadum
  • Contra Palladium Arianum episcopum

Notes

  1. ^ William Ramsay, in the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, states that the dialogues are two separate works, Altercatio sub nomine Athanasii adversus Arium and Altercationes tres, and notes that the former is often included in the corpus of Athanasius.[3]
  2. ^ According to Smith, Jean-Jacques Chifflet attributed the work to Vigilius; general scholarly opinion has attributed this to Augustine.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Cornwall, N.E. (October 1877). "The genuineness of I. John, V. 7, proved by neglected witnesses". American Church Review. 29: 509-528.
  2. ^ Wengert, Timothy J. (2012). Dingel, Irene; Wengert, Timothy J.; Kolb, Robert; Kuropka, Nicole (eds.). Philip Melanchthon : theologian in classroom, confession, and controversy. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. p. 222. ISBN 9783525550472. OCLC 809610268.
  3. ^ a b c d Public Domain Ramsay, William (1870). "Vigilius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
  4. ^ McClintock, John; Strong, James. "Vigilius of Thapsus - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature - Bible Encyclopedia - StudyLight.org". Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b Jörg, Ulrich (2011). "Vigilius of Thapsus". doi:10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_sim_026343. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ a b Healy, Patrick Joseph (1912). "Vigilius, Bishop of Tapsus" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  7. ^ Wikisource Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C., eds. (1911). "Vigilius Thapsensis" . Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century (3rd ed.). London: John Murray.
  8. ^ Vigilius (1677). Contra Eutychetem ; Contra Arrium dialogi ; De Trinitate libri XII (in Latin). OCLC 885360778.

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