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Holders of ordinary passports of the following jurisdictions do not require a visa to visit Brazil for up to 90 days (unless otherwise noted). An identity document is accepted instead of a passport in some cases.
^For nationals of Croatia, Finland, France, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain, a stay of up to 90 days. For other European Union citizens, a stay of up to 3 months during a 6-month period.
^ abcdefghFor a stay of up to 90 days during a 180-day period.
uncertain dates before 15 February 2001: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Vatican City; Andorra, Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia, Liechtenstein, Malaysia, Namibia, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (for tourism). Agreements with some of these countries have been in force from the dates below, but visa waivers may have started earlier on previous agreements:
1 August 1931: Austria (replaced by another agreement from 21 October 1967)
21 May 2021: Dominican Republic (pending implementation)
Electronic visa (applications discontinued from 13 June 2019, replaced with visa waiver from 17 June 2019)
21 November 2017: Australia
11 January 2018: Japan
18 January 2018: Canada
25 January 2018: United States
Visits with the visa exemption are limited to the same purposes as those with a visit visa (tourism, business, transit, artistic and sport activities, without payment from Brazilian sources).
Visas are not required for airport transit, from any nationality, as long as the traveler does not leave the international transit area.
Nationals of Spain are specifically required to hold proof of sufficient funds of at least R$170 per day, proof of confirmed hotel accommodation (paid or guaranteed by credit card) or a notary certified invitation letter from a resident of Brazil, and documents required for their next destination. Those traveling on business are exempt from these requirements when holding an original letter from their company, stating the purpose of the visit.
Brazilian citizens who also have another nationality are allowed to enter and leave Brazil with the passport of the other country in combination with any document attesting Brazilian nationality such as a Brazilian identity card or an expired Brazilian passport. If they do not provide such document, they may still enter Brazil as foreigners, subject to the regular requirements and limitations as such. However, usually this case is only possible if Brazil does not require a visa from the other nationality. Brazil only issues visas to dual citizens in exceptional circumstances, such as for those who work in foreign government jobs that prohibit the use of a Brazilian passport.
Diplomatic and service passports
Visa exemption for diplomatic and service passports
Sierra Leone - 90 days, or the entire period of a mission if accredited to Brazil, for holders of diplomatic, official or service passports
In October 2019, the Brazilian government announced its intention to unilaterally waive the visitor visa requirement for nationals of China and India.
Visa types and requirements
The visit visa (VIVIS) allows stays of up to 90 days, for the following purposes:
Tourism, including cultural and recreational activities, family visits, attending conferences, volunteer work, research, study and teaching;
Business, including meetings, events, reporting, filming, surveying, signing contracts, audits, consulting, airplane and ship crew;
Artistic and sport activities.
Holders of visit visas are not allowed to receive payment from Brazilian sources for the activities during their stay, except for daily allowances for living expenses, payments for entertainment performances, compensation for management of their own business, reimbursement of travel expenses, and competition prizes.
The visit visa is usually valid for multiple entries during the visa validity period, which is generally one year but may be longer for some nationalities. Each stay is initially limited to 90 days, but an extension may be requested from the Federal Police after arrival. The combined stays must not exceed 180 days per any one-year period.
Many types of temporary visas (VITEM) are available, for stays longer than 90 days. Certain types of visas allow employment in Brazil. For some visas based on work or investment, the applicant must obtain authorization from the General Coordination of Immigration (CGIG) before requesting the visa.
All holders of temporary visas intending to stay for more than 90 days are required to register with the Federal Police within 90 days after arrival. After registration, they receive a migration registration card (CRNM) and are granted residency for a certain period. In some cases this period may be "indeterminate" (permanent residency). Temporary residents may later apply to renew their residency period or convert it to permanent residency in some cases. Only the time spent as a permanent resident qualifies for naturalization.
VITEM III is granted to nationals or stateless residents of countries experiencing serious instability, armed conflict, disaster or violations of human rights. Brazil has designated Haiti and Syria for this type of visa. Residency is granted initially for two years, after which the applicant may request permanent residency.
VITEM VI is a working holiday visa, whose primary purpose must be tourism but paid work is also allowed. This visa is available only by international agreement with the country of nationality. Such agreements are in effect with France,Germany and New Zealand. These agreements require that the applicant be between 18 and 30 years of age, and allow a stay of up to one year.
VITEM IX is available for three types of investment. One type is for managers and executives whose companies invest at least 600,000 BRL in a Brazilian company, or at least 150,000 BRL and also generate at least 10 new jobs within two years. Another type is for applicants who personally invest at least 500,000 BRL in a Brazilian company, or at least 150,000 BRL in research activities. In both cases, the applicant is granted permanent residency from the start.
The other type of investment requires the personal purchase of urban real estate, for at least 700,000 BRL if located in the North or Northeast region, or at least 1 million BRL if located in another region. In this case, residency is granted initially for two years, after which the applicant may request permanent residency.
VITEM XI is available for spouses, domestic partners, children, grandchildren, parents, grandparents and dependent siblings of a Brazilian citizen, or of a person holding or applying for Brazilian residency not also based on family reunification, and for legal guardians of a Brazilian citizen. For this visa, residency is granted initially for the same period as the family member. Applicants may request permanent residency when the family member acquires it or after four years of residency.
VITEM XIII is available for nationals of countries with residency agreements. Agreements providing permanent residency from the start are in effect with Argentina and Uruguay. A Mercosur agreement is also in effect with Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru, providing residency initially for two years, after which the applicant may request permanent residency.
VITEM XIV is available for retirees and beneficiaries of survivor pensions who have a monthly income of at least 2,000 USD and can transfer it to Brazil. Residency is granted initially for two years, after which the applicant may request permanent residency.
VITEM XV (VICAM) is available for medical doctors licensed in countries with more than 1.8 doctors per 1,000 people. They are assigned to work in locations with low numbers of doctors in Brazil. The visa allows a stay of up to three years, renewable for three more years.
Requests for residency while already in Brazil
Requests for residency with the same purposes and conditions as temporary visas (except VITEM XII and XV) may also be made while the individual is already in Brazil, having entered with a certain visa or waiver but later qualifying for a different or more desirable category. In addition, individuals in various circumstances may also request residency while already in Brazil:
^Residency is granted until 18 years of age, when the applicant may request permanent residency.
^Residency is granted for the duration of the sentence or probation.
^ abcResidency is granted initially for two years, after which the applicant may request permanent residency.
Diplomatic, official and courtesy visas
Brazil issues diplomatic visas (VIDIP) to representatives of foreign governments or international organizations, as well as official visas (VISOF) to their staff. It also issues courtesy visas (VICOR) to notable people for unofficial trips, to family members and domestic workers of holders of diplomatic or official visas, and to artists and athletes for free cultural events.
^Law no. 13.445 and its regulating decree no. 9.199 combined the tourism and business visas into one type of visit visa. As a result, visa waivers that were limited to tourism were extended to business purposes as well.