Visa Requirements For United States Citizens
Get Visa Requirements For United States Citizens essential facts below. View Videos or join the Visa Requirements For United States Citizens discussion. Add Visa Requirements For United States Citizens to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Visa Requirements For United States Citizens
A United States passport with biometric chip.

Visa requirements for United States citizens and non-citizen nationals are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United States.

As of 13 April 2021, holders of a United States passport could travel to 187 countries and territories without a travel visa, or with a visa on arrival. The United States passport currently ranks[Note 1] 7th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Belgium, New Zealand, Switzerland, and the UK) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for holders of regular United States passports
  United States
  Visa free access
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization or online payment required / eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required prior to arrival
  Travel ban

Visa requirements

General visa requirements of sovereign countries towards United States citizens:

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees) Reciprocity
 Afghanistan Visa required[2][3]
  • Visitors born in Afghanistan do not require a visa.
  • Visitors arriving via military air need to legalize their stay if they wish to leave via commercial airline.
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[4]
?
 Albania Visa not required[5][6] 1 year[7] X
 Algeria Visa required[8][9]
  • Persons may be denied entry if entering with a passport containing visas or stamps issued by Israel.
?
 Andorra Visa not required[10] 3 months[11][12] ?
 Angola eVisa[13][14][15] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[16]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[17]
X
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[18][19] 6 months[20]
  • Stringent application of rules regarding proof of sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[21]
X
 Argentina Visa not required[22] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.
X
 Armenia Visa not required[23] 180 days X
 Australia eVisa[24] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted[25]
  • May enter using SmartGate.[26]
?
 Austria Visa not required[27][28] 90 days ?
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[30] 30 days[31]
  • If intending to stay in the Republic of Azerbaijan for more than ten days, the visitor must register at the State Migration Service of the Republic of Azerbaijan within three days upon arrival in Azerbaijan.[32]
  • Applicants of Armenian ancestry or with Armenian visas in their passport may not obtain a visa.[33]
  • Can obtain a 30 days visa on arrival only if arriving on a direct flight of Azerbaijan Airlines from New York City.[34]
X
 Bahamas Visa not required[35][36] 8 months
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
X
 Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival[37] 14 days[38]
  • Visa also obtainable online[39]
X
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[40] 30 days[41] X
 Barbados Visa not required[43][44] 6 months[45] X
 Belarus Visa not required[46] 30 days X
 Belgium Visa not required[51] 90 days ?
 Belize Visa not required[53][54] 30 days[55]
  • Departure tax applies.[56]
X
 Benin eVisa[57][58] 90 days X
 Bhutan Visa required[60]
  • $250 per day is a non-negotiable minimum daily tariff paid by all visitors to Bhutan.
  • Visas are issued only to tourists booked with a local licensed tour operator.[61]
?
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[62][63] 30 days[64]
  • Beginning February 8, 2021, all U.S. citizens visiting Bolivia for tourism will be required to obtain a tourist visa.
X
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[65][66] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[67]
X
 Botswana Visa not required[68][69] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period[70]
X
 Brazil Visa not required[71][72] 90 days
  • Up to 90 days per visit, but no more than 180 days per year.
X
 Brunei Visa not required[73][74] 90 days
?
 Bulgaria Visa not required[75][76] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[77]
X
 Burkina Faso Visa on arrival[78] 1 month X
 Burundi Visa required[80]
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
?
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[81] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[82]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure.[83]
X
 Cameroon Visa required[84] ?
 Canada Visa not required[86][87] 6 months
  • Anyone with a criminal record (including misdemeanors or alcohol-related driving offenses in the US) may not be able to enter Canada without first obtaining an approval for rehabilitation[88] or a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP).[89]
  • Passport Card, NEXUS card, or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
?
 Cape Verde Visa not required[90] 30 days
  • Must register online at least five days prior to arrival.[91]
X
 Central African Republic Visa not required[92][93][94] 180 days X
 Chad Visa required[96][97] ?
 Chile Visa not required[100] 90 days[101][102] ?
 China Visa required[103]
  • Registration mandatory within 24 hours of arrival;[104]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure between the ages of 14 and 70.
  • Visas for U.S. citizens are valid for up to 10 years.[106]
?
 Colombia Visa not required[107][108] 90 days
  • Extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period[109]
  • Colombian-born U.S. citizens and U.S. citizens traveling with children may face special exit requirements.[110]
X
 Comoros Visa on arrival[111][112] X
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[113][114] ?
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[116][117] ?
 Costa Rica Visa not required[119] 90 days
  • Departure tax applies.[120]
X
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[121] 3 months X
 Croatia Visa not required[123][124] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[125]
X
 Cuba Tourist Card required[126] 30 days
  • Tourist travel was historically prohibited under U.S. law for U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and others subject to U.S. jurisdiction.[127] Under the Cuban Assets Control Regulations, all persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are not permitted to travel to Cuba, and must be licensed in order to engage in any travel-related transactions pursuant to travel to, from, and within Cuba. In July 2015, the United States resumed diplomatic relations with Cuba. Discussions on lifting the travel ban have initiated. On June 16, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced new travel restrictions.[128]
  • Tourist Card can be extended up to maximum 60 days with a fee.
?
 Cyprus Visa not required[129][130] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[131]
X
 Czech Republic Visa not required[132][133] 90 days ?
 Denmark Visa not required[135][136] 90 days
  • US citizens can enter Denmark for up to 90 days every six months, regardless of whether they have stayed in other Schengen countries (except other Nordic countries) prior to entry into Denmark.[137]
?
 Djibouti eVisa[138] 31 days
X
 Dominica Visa not required[139][140] 6 months
  • Departure tax applies.[141]
X
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[142][143] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Sea Travel
X
 Ecuador Visa not required[144] 90 days
  • Extendable for another 90 days, per year[145]
X
 Egypt eVisa / Visa on arrival[146] 30 days X
 El Salvador Visa not required[149][150] 3 months X
 Equatorial Guinea Visa not required[151] 90 days X
 Eritrea Visa required[153]
  • Airport departure tax applies.[154]
?
 Estonia Visa not required[155][156] 90 days ?
 Eswatini Visa not required[158] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 60 days[159]
X
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[160] up to 90 days
  • Visitors are fingerprinted
X
 Fiji Visa not required[163] 4 months[164] X
 Finland Visa not required[165][166] 90 days ?
 France Visa not required[168][169] 90 days ?
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[175] 6 months X
 Gambia Visa required[178][179] ?
 Georgia Visa not required[181] 1 year X
 Germany Visa not required[182] 90 days ?
 Ghana Visa required[184][185] ?
 Greece Visa not required[187][188] 90 days ?
 Grenada Visa not required[190][191] 3 months
  • Extensions possible
X
 Guatemala Visa not required[192] 90 days X
 Guinea eVisa[194] up to 5 years X
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[196] 90 days[197]
  • Visitors must apply for a visa on arrival in advance or online.[198]
X
 Guyana Visa not required[199] 3 months[200] X
 Haiti Visa not required[201][202] 3 months X
 Honduras Visa not required[203] 3 months X
 Hungary Visa not required[204][205] 90 days ?
 Iceland Visa not required[207][208] 90 days ?
 India eVisa[210] 180 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 2] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 3][211]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • $100 fee along with bank surcharge of 2.5%[212]
  • Confirmation has to be shown at the border where a visa on arrival is issued.
  • Visitors are fingerprinted.
  • American citizens are eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa.[213]
  • American citizens of Pakistani heritage are not eligible for a ten-year, multiple-entry tourist visa, and must apply for a regular visa.
X
 Indonesia Visa not required[214][215] 30 days X
 Iran Visa required[216]
  • Iranian visas must be obtained from the Special Interests section of the Embassy of Pakistan, Washington, D.C. or an Iranian embassy all around the world [217]
  • US visitors are fingerprinted and photographed upon entry.[218]
  • Independent travelers must be accompanied by an authorized guide at all times.
  • Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa for a total of 14 days. [219][circular reference] [220]
?
 Iraq Visa on arrival[221] For 60 days Us citizens can apply for on-arrival visas at approved land, sea and air border crossings. X
 Ireland Visa not required[222][223] 3 months
  • Strict application of immigration rules regarding providing proof of the trip purpose, sufficient funds, return ticket and accommodation.[224]
?
 Israel Visa not required[225] 3 months
  • Dual nationals of Israel and the United States who don't have an Israeli passport, including infants, may be required to obtain an Israeli passport in order to leave Israel.[226]
  • Entry prohibited for any person "who knowingly issues a public call for boycotting Israel".[227]
X
 Italy Visa not required[228][229] 90 days ?
 Jamaica Visa not required[231] 6 months
  • There is a departure tax for travelers, which is regularly included in airfare.[232]
X
 Japan Visa not required[233] 90 days
  • All visitors are fingerprinted[234]
?
 Jordan Visa on arrival[235] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival obtainable at most international ports of entry and at most international land border crossings (except King Hussein/Allenby Bridge crossing).[236]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival and departure[237]
X
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[238][239] 30 days
  • As part of the no-visa pilot program in period 15 July 2014 - 15 July 2015. In June 2015 this program was extended until December 31, 2017.[240][241]
X
 Kenya eVisa[242] 3 months X
 Kiribati Visa not required[244] 30 days
  • Airport Embarkation Tax applies.[245]
X
 North Korea Travel restricted[246][247][248]
  • U.S. passports holders must obtain a special passport validation from the U.S. federal government before travel.
?
 South Korea Visa not required[249] 90 days
  • All visitors are fingerprinted.[250]
?
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[251] 3 months X
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[252] 60 days[253] X
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[254][255] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 4] and at 13 border crossings[Note 5] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[256] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[257]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points -- Wattay International Airport and the First Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
X
 Latvia Visa not required[258][259] 180 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area[260]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows an additional 90 days of stay in Latvia (to a total of 180) regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries.[261]
?
 Lebanon Free visa on arrival[262] 1 month
  • Extendable for 2 additional months.
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport or any other port of entry if there is no Israeli visa or seal, holding a telephone number, an address in Lebanon, and a non refundable return or circle trip ticket
X
 Lesotho Visa not required[263] 14 days
  • Extendable up to 180 days.[264]
X
 Liberia Visa required[265] ?
 Libya Visa required[267]
  • Visitors travelling to Libya for touristic purposes are required to convert US$1,000 or equivalent on arrival.
  • Holders of passports bearing an Israeli visa or entry/exit stamps from Israel are not allowed to enter Libya.[268]
?
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[269] 90 days ?
 Lithuania Visa not required[271][272] 90 days ?
 Luxembourg Visa not required[274][275] 90 days ?
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[277] 90 days X
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[278][279]
  • From 1 October 2015 visitors are generally advised to obtain a visa in advance.[280]
X
 Malaysia Visa not required[281] 3 months
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure.[282]
  • Immigration offenses, such as visa overstaying, are punishable by caning.
X
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[283][284] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 90 days.
X
 Mali Visa required[285][286] ?
 Malta Visa not required[288][289] 90 days ?
 Marshall Islands Visa not required[291] unlimited ?
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[293] X
 Mauritius Visa not required[295] 90 days[296] X
 Mexico Visa not required[297][298] 180 days
  • Visitors must obtain a Forma Migratoria Multiple. There is no charge for a tourist FMM for stays of less than 7 days when entering by land. For visitors staying more than 7 days up to 180 days and entering by land the cost is 575 Mexican Pesos. An FMM is required for all visitors entering via air, regardless of length of stay, and the cost is included in the travelers airfare and remitted by the airline.[299][300]
  • Passport Card or Enhanced Drivers License valid for Land and Sea Travel
X
 Micronesia Visa not required[301] unlimited[302]
  • All states except Yap have a departure fee.[303]
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in Micronesia under the Compact of Free Association.
  • There is no limit to the length of time U.S. citizens can remain in the FSM.[304]
?
 Moldova Visa not required[305] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period
  • Registration upon arrival is mandatory.[306]
X
 Monaco Visa not required[307] 90 days ?
 Mongolia Visa not required[310] 90 days
  • Registration required after 30 days.[311]
X
 Montenegro Visa not required[312] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory.[313]
X
 Morocco Visa not required[314] 3 months[315] X
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[316] 30 days[317] X
 Myanmar eVisa[318] 28 days X
 Namibia Visa not required[319] 3 months[320] X
 Nauru Visa required[321]
  • Visas are issued with validity of 30 days.[322]
?
   Nepal Visa on arrival[323] 90 days
  • Obtainable at Tribhuvan International Airport and certain land borders.
  • Total of no more than 150 aggregate days in any given calendar year.[324]
  • Also available Multiple Entry 5 years Tourist Visa
X
 Netherlands Visa not required[325][326] 90 days ?
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[328] 3 months[329][330]
  • May enter using eGate.[331]
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy (IVL) must be paid upon requesting an Electronic Travel Authority. IVL not required for American Samoan citizens.[332]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[333] Such travelers are not required to pay the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy.[332]
?
 Nicaragua Visa not required[334] 90 days X
 Niger Visa required[336][337] ?
 Nigeria Visa required[339][340] ?
 North Macedonia Visa not required[341] 90 days
  • Registration with the local police within 24 hours of arrival is mandatory[342]
X
 Norway Visa not required[343][344] 90 days
  • 3 months within a 6-month period, regardless of previous time spent in other Schengen countries, but including time spent in other Nordic countries[345][346]
?
 Oman eVisa[347] 30 days
  • Holders of a visa or entrance stamp of the Emirate of Dubai that is valid for at least 21 days are visa exempt.[348]
  • Holders of a visa for Qatar that is valid for travel to Oman and valid for at least one month are visa exempt when arriving directly from Qatar.[349]
  • Iris scan is taken on arrival.[237]
X
 Pakistan Online Visa[350]
  • Online Visa eligible.[351]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[352]
X
 Palau Visa not required[353] 1 year[354] ?
 Panama Visa not required[355] 180 days
  • Denial of entry or transit to any person who has a criminal conviction.[356]
X
 Papua New Guinea Free eVisa / Visa on arrival[357] 60 days
  • Extendable for 30 days[358]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
X
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[359] 90 days
  • U.S. citizens arriving by air may obtain a visa on arrival at Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Asuncion. This is a multiple entry visa with a validity of up to 10 (ten) years. If entering elsewhere, a visa must be obtained in advance from the embassy or consulate.[360]
X
 Peru Visa not required[361] 183 days
  • Determined on arrival[362]
X
 Philippines Visa not required[363][364] 30 days
  • Naturalized US citizens of former Philippine nationality (balikbayan) allowed to stay for one year.
X
 Poland Visa not required[365] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Dual nationals must use their Polish passport[366]
  • A bilateral agreement pre-dating the Schengen area allows a stay in Poland regardless of days spent in other Schengen countries.[367][368][174]
?
 Portugal Visa not required[369][370][371] 90 days ?
 Qatar Visa not required[373] 30 days X
 Romania Visa not required[374][375] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period.[376]
X
 Russia Visa required[377]
  • 72-hour visa-free for international cruise ship/ferry passengers only if travelling with an organized tour and accompanied at all times by a tour operator.
  • Registration required after 7 business days.[378][379]
  • American citizens may receive multiple entry visas valid for three years.[380]
?
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[381][382] 30 days X
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[384][385] 3 months X
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[386][387] 6 weeks X
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[388] 1 month[389] X
 Samoa Visa not required[390] 60 days
  • Departure tax applies.[391]
X
 San Marino Visa not required[392][393] ?
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[394] 15 days X
 Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[396][397] 90 days X
 Senegal Visa not required[398] 90 days X
 Serbia Visa not required[400] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[401]
X
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[402] 3 months
  • Extendable up to a year[403]
X
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[404] X
 Singapore Visa not required[406] 90 days[407]
  • All visitors are fingerprinted on arrival and departure[408]
?
 Slovakia Visa not required[409][410] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Medical insurance required.
  • Sufficient funds of $50 per person per day required.
  • Registration within 3 working days required.[411]
?
 Slovenia Visa not required[412][413] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period in the Schengen Area.
  • Registration with the local police within 72 hours of arrival is mandatory.[414]
?
 Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[415] 3 months
  • 3 months within 12 months[416]
X
 Somalia Visa on arrival[417] X
 South Africa Visa not required[418] 90 days
  • Holders of passports without 2 blank pages may be refused entry.[419]
X
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[420] X
 Spain Visa not required[422][423] 90 days ?
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[425] 30 days[426] X
 Sudan Visa required[427][428]
  • Holders of passports that contain visas or entry/exit stamps for Israel will likely be refused entry.
  • Exit visa required.
  • Registration within 3 days mandatory.[429]
?
 Suriname E-tourist card[430] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[431]
X
 Sweden Visa not required[432][433] 90 days ?
  Switzerland Visa not required[435][436] 90 days ?
 Syria Visa required[438][439]
  • Registration required within 15 days.
  • Departure tax applies at all borders.
  • Persons with passports bearing Israeli visas or entry/exit stamps are not allowed to enter.[440]
  • Visas are not currently available to United States residents.[441]
?
 Tajikistan eVisa[442][443] 45 days
  • If arriving from a country that has a Tajik diplomatic mission a visa should be obtained in advance.
  • eVisa holders can enter through all border points.[444]
X
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[445][446][447] 3 months
  • Ordinary visa available on arrival for $100[448]
X
 Thailand Visa not required[449] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
X
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[450] 30 days
  • For arrivals by air only[451]
X
 Togo Visa on arrival[452] 7 days[453] X
 Tonga Free visa on arrival[454][455] 31 days X
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[456] 90 days[457] X
 Tunisia Visa not required[458] 90 days[459] X
 Turkey eVisa[460][461] 3 months
  • single or multiple entry visa[462]
X
 Turkmenistan Visa required[463]
  • Departure fee applies.[464]
  • 10-day visa on arrival if holding letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan with a prior approval from the Foreign Ministry.[465]
?
 Tuvalu Free visa on arrival[466] 1 month
  • Extendable up to 3 months[467]
  • Visa on arrival is issued free of charge.
X
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[468] 90 days
  • Determined at the port of entry.
  • Must apply online at least 2 business days or more prior to travel.[469] As of March 2017, airlines were refusing passengers permission to board flights to Uganda if they did not have a print-out of the document showing that they had successfully applied for an eVisa. Ugandan immigration authorities also may require additional documentation, including proof of a return plane ticket and detailed tour itinerary in Uganda.
  • International Certificate of Vaccination required.[470]
X
 Ukraine Visa not required[471] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180-day period[472]
X
 United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival[473][474] 30 days
  • Extension possible with a fee
  • Iris scan taken on arrival
  • U.S. passport holders can sign up for E-Gate access on arrival/departure at Dubai International Airport
X
 United Kingdom Visa not required[475][476] 6 months[477] ?
 Uruguay Visa not required[478] 3 months[479] X
 Uzbekistan eVisa[480][481] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[482]
  • Registration within 3 days is mandatory.[483]
X
 Vanuatu Visa not required[484] 30 days
  • Extendable up to 120 days[485]
X
  Vatican City Visa not required[486] X
 Venezuela Visa required[487]
?
 Vietnam eVisa[487] 30 days X
 Yemen Visa required[491][492]
  • Registration mandatory.
  • Exit visa required for stays over 30 days.[493]
?
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[494] 90 days X
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[497] 3 months
  • Tourism purposes only.[498]
  • Electronic visa also available.[499]
X

Territories or administrative subdivisions with different visa policies

Visa requirements for United States citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries not mentioned in the list above, recognized administrative subdivisions that operate on different visa policies and restricted zones:

Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[500]
 Ascension Island eVisa[501][502] 3 months
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visa Free with Payment Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[503]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[504]
 Mayotte Visa not required[505] 90 days
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara, same entry requirements with Morocco, controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[506][507]
 Réunion Visa not required[508] 90 days
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[509]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[510]
China Hainan Visa not required when travelling as part of a tour group Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (2 or more people)[511][512]
 Hong Kong Visa not required 90 days[513]
India Protected and restricted areas of India PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[514][515][516][517][518][519]
 Iraqi Kurdistan Free Visa stamp on arrival Visa free stamp on arrival for 30 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.[221]
Kazakhstan Baikonur & Priozersk Special permission required Special permission required for the city of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Priozersk near Almaty.[520]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Tourists for Kish Island do not require a visa.[218]
 Macau Visa not required 30 days[521]
Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak Visa not required These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.[522]
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required Tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of the Maldives.[523]
Saudi Arabia Mecca and Medina Special access required Non-Muslims and those following the Ahmadiyya religious movement are strictly prohibited from entry.
India North Sentinel Island Travel restricted Travel to anywhere within five nautical miles of the island requires very special permission from the Indian government, regardless of nationality.
 Palestine Visa not required Travel to Gaza Strip may be restricted .[524]
Taiwan Taiwan Visa not required 90 days[525] Visitors fingerprinted
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[526][527][528]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[529][530][531]
Turkmenistan Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[532]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone
Vietnam Phú Qu?c Visa not required 30 days[489]
 Yemen outside Sana'a or Aden Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana'a or Aden.[493]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[533]
 Aruba Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[534][535]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 Bermuda Visa not required 6 months Decided on arrival.[536]
Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[537][538]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 British Virgin Islands Visa not required 30 days Extensions possible[539]
 Cayman Islands Visa not required 6 months[540]
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist Card on arrival Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[541]
 Curaçao Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any year period[542]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
France French West Indies Visa not required 3 months French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy[543]
 Greenland Visa not required[544]
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required All visitors are fingerprinted.[545]
 Montserrat Visa not required 6 months
 Sint Maarten Visa not required 90 days 90 days in 1 year[546][547]
90 days in Aruba, Caribbean Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten combined
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required 90 days[548]
Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required[549]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[550][551]
Ukraine ATO zone Special permission required[552]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required 10 days[553]
 Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[554]
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.[555]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[556][557]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[558] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[544]
 Gibraltar Visa not required[559]
 Guernsey Visa not required[560]
 Isle of Man Visa not required[561]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[559] 24 hours Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[562] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[563]
 Jersey Visa not required[564]
 Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[565]
 Artsakh Visa required[566][567] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[568]
Russia Closed cities of Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[379]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[569][570]
 Svalbard Visa not required[571] Unlimited Anyone may live and work freely in Svalbard per the Svalbard Treaty.
 Transnistria Visa not required 24 hours Registration required after 24h.[572][573]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
American Samoa American Samoa Freedom of movement Unlimited
  • Passport is required for entry because American Samoans, by law, are not US citizens; rather they are US nationals.
  • U.S. citizens may live and work freely in American Samoa.[574]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[575]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[576]
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[577]
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[164]
 French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days 90 days within any 180-day period[578]
Guam Guam Freedom of movement Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in Guam. Passport/EDL is required for entry.[579][580]
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days[581]
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Freedom of movement Unlimited U.S. citizens and American Samoan citizens may live and work freely in the Northern Mariana Islands. Passport/EDL is required for entry.[582]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days Visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[583][584][585]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[586]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[587][588][589][590][591][592][593]
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
Bandera Provincia Galápagos.svg Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[594]
France French Guiana Visa not required 3 months[595] International Certificate of Vaccination required.
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa not required Visa is not required.[596]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[597][598]
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[599][600][601][602][603][604][605][606][607][608][609][610]

Passport card

The United States Passport Card can be used as an alternative to the passport booklet only when travelling to and from Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and Caribbean islands at maritime ports-of-entry or land border crossings. The card is not valid for air travel whatsoever; if traveling by air, the passport book is required.[611]

APEC Travel Business Card

The APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) is meant to facilitate travel for U.S. citizens engaged in verified business in the APEC region.[612]

The U.S. ABTC should enable access to a dedicated fast-track lane for expedited immigration processing at some participating foreign APEC member airports.[613] U.S. APEC Business Travel Card holders may also use the Global Entry kiosks at participating airports upon their U.S. return.[614] However, the U.S. APEC Business Travel Card cannot be used in lieu of a visa to enter an APEC member country in the way that some other countries' APEC cards can be used in lieu of visas. This is because the U.S. has decided not to participate in the visa reciprocity part of the program because the US government is unwilling to waive visa interviews.[615] The program was initially set to expire on 30 September 2018, but the November 2017 signing of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards Act of 2017 (S. 504) ensured it would permanently remain.[616]

Consular protection of U.S. citizens abroad

American diplomatic missions (in the year 2007), including embassies (blue), interests sections, and other representations (light blue)

The United States has the most diplomatic missions of any country in the world.
See also List of diplomatic missions of the United States and List of diplomatic missions in the United States.

The Department of State regularly publishes travel warnings or travel alerts.

Non-visa restrictions

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[617] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[618]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[619]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries will increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers when deciding to allow them entry or not or require them to quarantine since recently published research shows that the Pfizer vaccine effect lasts for six months or so.[620]

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[621] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[622] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[623] Philippines,[624] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[625]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[626] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[627] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[628] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[629][630] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[631]

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[632] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[633]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[634] Lebanon,[635] Libya,[636] Sudan,[637] Syria,[638] and Yemen[639] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[640]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[641][642][643] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[644][645][646]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[646] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxar? ?skipara, Barxudarl?, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[647] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[648] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[649]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[650][651] Argentina,[652] Brunei, Cambodia,[653] China,[654] Ethiopia,[655] Ghana, Guinea,[656] India, Japan,[657][658] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[659] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[660] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[661] Singapore, South Korea,[662] Taiwan, Thailand,[663] Uganda[664] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[665][666][667] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[668]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[669] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[670][671] The United States Department of Homeland Security has announced plans to greatly increase the biometric data it collects at US borders.[672] In 2018, Singapore began trials of iris scanning at three land and maritime immigration checkpoints.[673][674]


Foreign travel statistics

These are the numbers of visits by U.S. nationals to various countries in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Data for 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb Data for 2017
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Data for 2014
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Counting only guests in tourist accommodation establishments.
  5. ^ a b c Data for 2013
  6. ^ a b c d Data for arrivals by air only.
  7. ^ a b Data for 2012
  8. ^ Excluding one-day visits
  9. ^ a b c d Data for 2010
  10. ^ Data for 2007
  11. ^ Data for 2009
  12. ^ Data for 2005
  13. ^ Data for arrivals by air only.
  14. ^ a b Data for 2015

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Using dense ranking.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  5. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)

References

  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Passport Index". Henley & Partners. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ "Afghanistan".
  4. ^ "Afghanistan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  6. ^ "Ministria e Punëve të Jashtme" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Albania Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2014.
  8. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  9. ^ "Algeria Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  11. ^ "Andorra Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  12. ^ "Turisme d'Andorra. Useful information on the Principality".
  13. ^ "SME E-VISA".
  14. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  15. ^ "Angola".
  16. ^ Angola: Migration Service to Speed Up Visa Exemption Procedure
  17. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Gulf Air. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  19. ^ "Visa Entry Requirements for Antigua and Barbuda". Archived from the original on 2013-05-12.
  20. ^ "General Visa Information - Immigration Antigua and Barbuda". www.immigration.gov.ag.
  21. ^ "Antigua and Barbuda Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2013.
  22. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  23. ^ "U.S. visa to be issued for 10 year-period".
  24. ^ General information, American Samoa Visitors Bureau.
  25. ^ "Australia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  26. ^ "Australia opens biometric 'SmartGate' programme to US citizens - Planet Biometrics News".
  27. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  28. ^ "Electronic Travel Authority (Subclass 601)". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Retrieved 2013.
  29. ^ "Austria Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2013.
  30. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  31. ^ "Home Page - The Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic". evisa.gov.az.
  32. ^ "Important Notice to Foreign Visitors". Embassy of Azerbaijan, Washington, D.C. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  33. ^ "Azerbaijan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  34. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Embassy of Azerbaijan".
  35. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  36. ^ "Bahamas, The Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  37. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
  38. ^ "Bahrain Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  39. ^ "Bahrain Electronic Visa Service".
  40. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  41. ^ "Instruction and Requirement for Visa". Embassy of Bangladesh in Washington, D.C. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  42. ^ "Bangladesh Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  43. ^ [1], Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 1 July 2020.
  44. ^ Visa Information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados
  45. ^ "Barbados Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  46. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  47. ^ "Information on visa-free travel via the checkpoint "Minsk National Airport" - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus". mfa.gov.by. Retrieved .
  48. ^ "Regulations on visiting Belovezhskaya Pushcha by foreign tourists approved in Belarus". 20 May 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-06-29. Retrieved .
  49. ^ "Belarus allows visiting Augustow Canal without visas".
  50. ^ "Belarus Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  51. ^ Visa for Belgium, Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs of Belgium.
  52. ^ "Belgium Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  53. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
  54. ^ "Belize Visa Requirements" (PDF).
  55. ^ "Belize Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  56. ^ "Information for Travelers | Belmopan, Belize - Embassy of the United States".
  57. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
  58. ^ "Accueil e-visa". evisa.gouv.bj.
  59. ^ "Benin Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  60. ^ Visa, Tourism Council of Bhutan.
  61. ^ "Bhutan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  62. ^ Requirements to enter Bolivia, General Directorate of Migration of Bolivia (in Spanish).
  63. ^ [2]
  64. ^ "Bolivia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  65. ^ Visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  66. ^ "Visas for Bosnia and Herzegovina". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06.
  67. ^ "Bosnia-Herzegovina Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  68. ^ Requirements for visa application, Government of Botswana.
  69. ^ "COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT REQUIRE VISA TO ENTER BOTSWANA". Archived from the original on 2014-03-27.
  70. ^ "Botswana Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  71. ^ Visas to travel to Brazil, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil (in Portuguese and English).
  72. ^ "Brazil Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  73. ^ Country category for visa application, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Brunei.
  74. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade of Brunei Visa Information". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27.
  75. ^ Visa for Bulgaria, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria.
  76. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Visa for Bulgaria".
  77. ^ "Bulgaria Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ "Burkina Faso Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  80. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  81. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  82. ^ "Kingdom of Cambodia - Ministry of Foreign Affairs & International Cooperation".
  83. ^ "Cambodia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  84. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  85. ^ "Cameroon Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  86. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  87. ^ Branch, Government of Canada, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Communications. "Entry requirements by country".
  88. ^ "Canada Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  89. ^ "Overcome criminal convictions". Government of Canada. 1 August 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  90. ^ Cabo Verde alarga isenção de vistos aos cidadãos do Brasil, Canadá e Estados Unidos
  91. ^ EASE
  92. ^ "PDF Document CAR Visa.pdf".
  93. ^ "Central African Republic International Travel Information". travel.state.gov.
  94. ^ "PDF Document CAR Visa.pdf".
  95. ^ "Central African Republic Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  96. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  97. ^ "Chad Travel Warning".
  98. ^ "Chad Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  99. ^ "The Police Station in N'Djamena: Chad, Republic of Chad, Places in N'Djamena, Chad Location, Travel Guide". Chad Now. Retrieved 2016.
  100. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  101. ^ "Chile Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  102. ^ "US Citizens No Longer Required to Pay Chilean Reciprocity for Travel to Chile".
  103. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  104. ^ "China Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  105. ^ "144"
  106. ^ Nelson, Katie. "China issues first group of 10-year visas to US citizens".
  107. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  108. ^ "MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES EXTERIORES COORDINACION DE VISAS E INMIGRACION Visas entre Colombia y los demás países" (PDF).
  109. ^ "Colombia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  110. ^ "Special Entry/Exit Instructions for U.S. Citizens Born in Colombia" (PDF). United States Department of State. Additional Exit Requirements for Minors. Retrieved 2018.
  111. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  112. ^ "Comoros Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  113. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  114. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo Travel Warning".
  115. ^ "Congo, Democratic Republic of the Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  116. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  117. ^ "Congo, Republic of".
  118. ^ "Congo, Republic of the Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  119. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  120. ^ "Costa Rica Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  121. ^ http://www.snedai.com/e-visa/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  122. ^ "Cote d'Ivoire Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  123. ^ Visa requirements overview, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia.
  124. ^ "MVEP o Visa requirements overview".
  125. ^ "Croatia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  126. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  127. ^ "Cuba".
  128. ^ Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (2015-09-18). "U.S. Eases Some Limits on Cuban Travel and Commerce". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved .
  129. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  130. ^ "Travel Information for Foreign Visitors to Cyprus". Archived from the original on 2014-03-23.
  131. ^ "Cyprus Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  132. ^ List of states whose citizens are exempt from visa requirement, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, 13 July 2017.
  133. ^ "General visa information for Czech Republic".
  134. ^ "Czech Republic Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  135. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
  136. ^ UM. "Danish visa rules".
  137. ^ "Visa-free travel". Danish Immigration Service. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  138. ^ "eVisa". www.evisa.gouv.dj.
  139. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  140. ^ ENTRY REQUIREMENTS, Discover Dominica Authority
  141. ^ "Dominica Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  142. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  143. ^ "Portal de Servicios Consulares de la República Dominicana".
  144. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  145. ^ "Ecuador Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  146. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  147. ^ "Egypt e-Visa Portal". Ministry of Interior (Egypt). Retrieved 2017.
  148. ^ "Egypt Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  149. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  150. ^ "El Salvador Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  151. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  152. ^ "Equatorial Guinea Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  153. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  154. ^ "Eritrea Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  155. ^ Who does not need a visa to visit Estonia?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Estonia, 2 November 2017.
  156. ^ "Visiting Estonia". Archived from the original on 2014-03-24. Retrieved .
  157. ^ "Estonia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  158. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  159. ^ "Swaziland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2015-11-15. Retrieved 2015.
  160. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  161. ^ "Ethiopia visa on arrival". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 2018.
  162. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 2018.
  163. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  164. ^ a b "Fiji Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  165. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  166. ^ "Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland: Entering Finland and travelling abroad: Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland".
  167. ^ "Finland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  168. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  169. ^ affairs, The French Ministry of Foreign. "Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements".
  170. ^ "France Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  171. ^ "Arrangement for the waiver by France of visa requirements for United States citizens visiting Metropolitan France and certain French territories, and for the granting by the United States of gratis passport visas to French citizens as nonimmigrants" (PDF). United Nations Treaty Series. 84: 283. 1949-03-31.
  172. ^ "French record of Exchange of Notes of 16 March 1949" (PDF). Nomadic Matt. 1948-03-16. Retrieved .
  173. ^ "Treaties in Force" (PDF). United States Department of State. 2019-05-01. Retrieved .
  174. ^ a b "Your Guide to (Legally) Staying in Europe for More Than 90 Days". Nomadic Matt's Travel Site. 2018-06-05. Retrieved .
  175. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  176. ^ "Gabon e-Visa". evisa.dgdi.ga.
  177. ^ "Gabon Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  178. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  179. ^ "ENTRY INTO THE GAMBIA. GAMBIA IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT". gid.gov.gm. 2017-12-23. Retrieved .
  180. ^ "Gambia, The Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  181. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  182. ^ Overview of visa requirements/exemptions for entry into the Federal Republic of Germany, Federal Foreign Office of Germany.
  183. ^ "Germany Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  184. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  185. ^ "Ghana".
  186. ^ "Ghana Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  187. ^ Countries requiring or not requiring a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 13 June 2017.
  188. ^ "Visas - Hellenic Republic - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". www.mfa.gr.
  189. ^ "Greece Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  190. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  191. ^ "Grenada Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  192. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  193. ^ "Guatemala Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  194. ^ Guinea eVisa
  195. ^ "Guinea Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  196. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  197. ^ "Guinea-Bissau Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  198. ^ "Republic of Guinea-Bissau Electronic Visa Application Form". Republic of Guinea-Bissau. Retrieved 2016.
  199. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  200. ^ "Guyana Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  201. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  202. ^ "Haiti Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  203. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  204. ^ Countries that do not need a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary.
  205. ^ "Consular Services".
  206. ^ "Hungary Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  207. ^ Who does not need a visa, Directorate of Immigration of Iceland.
  208. ^ "UTL".
  209. ^ "Iceland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  210. ^ "Indian e-Visa". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  211. ^ e-Visa
  212. ^ "Country/Territory Wise e-Visa Fee" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  213. ^ "India Now Offering US Citizens 10 Year Visas". The Points Guy. Retrieved 2016.
  214. ^ "Embassy of Republic of Indonesia in Washington, DC". Archived from the original on 2015-09-07. Retrieved .
  215. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  216. ^ "Iran". travel.state.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-05-17. Retrieved .
  217. ^ "Iran Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Embassy of Pakistan. Retrieved 2016.
  218. ^ a b "Interests Section of the Islamic Republic of Iran". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2015.
  219. ^ Visa policy of Iran#Kish and Qeshm Islands
  220. ^ "Iran International Travel Information". travel.state.gov.
  221. ^ a b Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  222. ^ Countries that need a visa for Ireland, Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service.
  223. ^ inispagemaster@justice.ie. "Visas".
  224. ^ "Ireland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  225. ^ Tourist visa table, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 23 May 2017.
  226. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. *Arab-Americans may be subject to questioning or denied entry. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  227. ^ "Israel parliament approves travel ban for supporters of BDS movement". The Independent. 2017-03-07. Retrieved .
  228. ^ Visa for Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy.
  229. ^ "Visa for Italy".
  230. ^ "Italy Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  231. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  232. ^ "Jamaica Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  233. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  234. ^ "Japan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  235. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  236. ^ "Jordan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  237. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-31. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  238. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  239. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  240. ^ "Kazakhstan". Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved .
  241. ^ Kazakhstan Dropping Visa Requirements For Citizens Of 10 Countries ç
  242. ^ eCitizen. "eCitizen - Gateway to All Government Services".
  243. ^ "Kenya Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  244. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  245. ^ "Kiribati Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  246. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  247. ^ "Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  248. ^ "U.S. to ban travel to North Korea from September 1, says Americans should leave". Reuters. Retrieved 2017.
  249. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  250. ^ "Korea, Republic of Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  251. ^ "Kuwait e-Visa".
  252. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  253. ^ "Kyrgyzstan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2015-10-26. Retrieved 2015.
  254. ^ Laos eVisa
  255. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  256. ^ "The Department Of Immigration. Checkpoints". The Department Of Immigration Of Lao People's Democratic Republic. Retrieved 2018.
  257. ^ [3]
  258. ^ Countries whose citizens may enter Latvia without a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia, 9 October 2017.
  259. ^ "Consular information".
  260. ^ "Latvia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  261. ^ "Entry requirements for the citizens of countries with whom Latvia has signed a bilateral visa waiver agreement". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia. 2019-05-20. Retrieved .
  262. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  263. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  264. ^ "Lesotho Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  265. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  266. ^ "Liberia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  267. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  268. ^ "Libya Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  269. ^ Visa, Government of Liechtenstein (in German).
  270. ^ "Liechtenstein Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  271. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, 30 August 2017.
  272. ^ "Consular information for Lithuania". Archived from the original on 2014-02-26.
  273. ^ "Lithuania Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  274. ^ Staying in Luxembourg for less than 90 days, Government of Luxembourg.
  275. ^ "VISAS & Immigration for Luxembourg". Archived from the original on 2014-04-06.
  276. ^ "Luxembourg Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  277. ^ "eVisa | Welcome to the eService of Tourism, Immigration and Emigration". www.evisamada.gov.mg.
  278. ^ "Malawi e-Visa System | Malawi Visa Online | the Official e-Visa Application Portal of Malawi | Department of Immigration and Citizenship Services".
  279. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  280. ^ "Malawi introduces visas for European, Asian visitors - News by Country - Reuters". Reuters. 29 September 2015. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015.
  281. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  282. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  283. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  284. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  285. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  286. ^ "Mali".
  287. ^ "Mali Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  288. ^ Who requires a visa?, Identity Malta.
  289. ^ "Travelling to Malta".
  290. ^ "Malta Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  291. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  292. ^ "Marshall Islands Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  293. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  294. ^ "Mauritania Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  295. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  296. ^ "Mauritius Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  297. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  298. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Migración - Gobierno - gob.mx".
  299. ^ "Mexico Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  300. ^ "Manual of Tourist Entry" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-26.
  301. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  302. ^ "Visa Information". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2014.
  303. ^ "Micronesia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  304. ^ "Visa Information". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  305. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  306. ^ "Moldova Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2017-05-18. Retrieved 2015.
  307. ^ Before you leave, Monaco Government Tourist Office.
  308. ^ "Monaco Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  309. ^ "Monaco - FAQ / About Monaco / Site officiel de Monaco".
  310. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  311. ^ "Mongolia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  312. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  313. ^ "Montenegro Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  314. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  315. ^ "Morocco Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  316. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  317. ^ "Mozambique Government Announces 30-day Tourist Visas now Available at Borders for all Visitors - Mozambican Hotels". www.mozambicanhotels.com.
  318. ^ "Myanmar eVisa (Official Government Website)".
  319. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  320. ^ "Namibia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  321. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  322. ^ "Nauru Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  323. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  324. ^ "Nepal Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  325. ^ Short-stay Schengen visa (90 days or less), Government of the Netherlands.
  326. ^ Zaken, Ministerie van Buitenlandse. "Visas - Topic - Government.nl".
  327. ^ "Netherlands, The Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  328. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  329. ^ "New Zealand Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2019.
  330. ^ "E2.1 People to whom a visa waiver applies". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. 1 July 2019.
  331. ^ "eGate". customs.govt.nz. New Zealand Customs Service. Retrieved 2021.
  332. ^ a b "Paying the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 2021. Many tourists, people on working holidays, and some students and workers coming to New Zealand must pay an International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy (IVL) of NZD $35.
  333. ^ "Information about: Australian Resident Visa". immigration.govt.nz. Immigration New Zealand. Retrieved 2020. Australian citizens and permanent residents can visit, work and live in New Zealand. You do not need a visa before you travel to New Zealand.
  334. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  335. ^ "Nicaragua Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  336. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  337. ^ "Niger Travel Warning".
  338. ^ "Niger Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  339. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  340. ^ "Nigeria Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  341. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  342. ^ "Macedonia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  343. ^ Persons who do not need a visa to visit Norway, Norwegian Directorate of Immigration.
  344. ^ "Skal søke: Besøk og ferie".
  345. ^ "UDI 2010-080 Bortvisningspraksis for borgere fra stater Norge har inngått bilaterale visumfrihetsavtaler med" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Directorate of Immigration. 28 November 2019.
  346. ^ "UDI 2010-080V1 Liste over visumfrie borgere som er omfattet" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Directorate of Immigration. 28 November 2019.
  347. ^ "Home - Evisa". evisa.rop.gov.om.
  348. ^ "Royal Oman Police Website - Information - Visa Types - Visa Facility with Dubai". rop.gov.om.
  349. ^ "Royal Oman Police Website - Information - Visa Types - Common Visa with Qatar". rop.gov.om.
  350. ^ "Pakistan Online Visa System - Government of Pakistan".
  351. ^ "Tourist Visa".
  352. ^ "Business Visa On Arrival".
  353. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  354. ^ "Palau Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  355. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  356. ^ "Panama Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  357. ^ eVisa, Papua New Guinea (PNG) Immigration and Citizenship Authority (ICA)
  358. ^ "Papua New Guinea Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  359. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  360. ^ "Paraguay Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  361. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  362. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-02-04. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  363. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  364. ^ "Philippines Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  365. ^ Visa-free countries, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  366. ^ "Poland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  367. ^ "Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes between the Government of the Republic of Poland and the Government of the United States on the abolition of visas for US citizens". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland. 1991-04-04. Retrieved .
  368. ^ "Do I need a visa". Office for Foreigners, Republic of Poland. Retrieved .
  369. ^ Third countries whose citizens are required to have a visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal.
  370. ^ "Visa".
  371. ^ "Visa Information for Portugal". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09.
  372. ^ "Portugal Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2015-11-03. Retrieved 2015.
  373. ^ "Qatar Visas".
  374. ^ Do I need a visa?, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Romania.
  375. ^ "V. Do I need a visa? - Ministry of Foreign Affairs".
  376. ^ "Romania Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  377. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  378. ^ "Visa Information". Timatic. Retrieved 2013.
  379. ^ a b "Russian Federation Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  380. ^ "3 Year Russian Visas for US Citizens - Way to Russia Guide". Way to Russia. Retrieved 2016.
  381. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-27. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  382. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  383. ^ "Rwanda Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  384. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  385. ^ "Saint Kitts and Nevis Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  386. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  387. ^ "Saint Lucia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  388. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  389. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  390. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  391. ^ "Samoa Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  392. ^ Border formalities, San Marino Tourism Board.
  393. ^ "Border formalities - Ufficio di Stato per il Turismo".
  394. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  395. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  396. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  397. ^ "Saudi Arabia".
  398. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  399. ^ "Senegal Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  400. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  401. ^ "Serbia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  402. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  403. ^ "Seychelles Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  404. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  405. ^ "Sierra Leone Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  406. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  407. ^ "Singapore Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  408. ^ hermesauto (27 May 2016). "Fingerprint-scanning system at Singapore's checkpoints identifies immigration offenders".
  409. ^ Consular information and travel visa, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia.
  410. ^ "Consular information and travel visa for Slovakia". Archived from the original on 2014-08-10.
  411. ^ "Slovakia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  412. ^ Visa regimes and visas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia.
  413. ^ "Entry into the Republic of Slovenia and the Schengen Area - Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Archived from the original on 2014-03-23.
  414. ^ "Slovenia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  415. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  416. ^ "Solomon Islands Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  417. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  418. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  419. ^ "South Africa Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  420. ^ https://www.evisa.gov.ss/eligibility
  421. ^ a b https://www.evisa.gov.ss/
  422. ^ Entry requirements, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain.
  423. ^ "Information for Foreigners".
  424. ^ "Spain Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  425. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  426. ^ "Sri Lanka Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  427. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  428. ^ "Sudan".
  429. ^ "Sudan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  430. ^ "Suriname E-Visa | VFS Global | Official partner of the Government of Suriname".
  431. ^ Who can apply for E-Visa?
  432. ^ List of foreign citizens who require visa for entry into Sweden, Government of Sweden.
  433. ^ "Visiting Sweden - Swedish Migration Agency".
  434. ^ "Sweden Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  435. ^ Overview of ID and visa provisions according to nationality, State Secretariat for Migration of Switzerland.
  436. ^ EJPD. "Do I require a visa?".
  437. ^ "Switzerland Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  438. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  439. ^ "Syria".
  440. ^ "Syria Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2013.
  441. ^ "Syria International Travel Information". travel.state.gov.
  442. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  443. ^ "Tajikistan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  444. ^ "Tajikistan e-Visa".
  445. ^ "Tanzania eVisa - Welcome". eservices.immigration.go.tz.
  446. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  447. ^ "Tanzania Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2017-02-24. Retrieved 2015.
  448. ^ "List of Countries and Specific Visa Eligibility". The United Republic of Tanzania - Ministry of Home Affairs - Immigration Services Department. Archived from the original on 30 September 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  449. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  450. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  451. ^ "Timor-Leste Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  452. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  453. ^ "Togo Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  454. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  455. ^ "Tonga Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  456. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  457. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  458. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  459. ^ "Tunisia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  460. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  461. ^ "Statement From The Turkish Mission To The United States". Turkish Embassy in Washington, D.C. Retrieved 2017.
  462. ^ "Turkish embassy in U.S."
  463. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  464. ^ "Turkmenistan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  465. ^ "Turkmenistan visa".
  466. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  467. ^ "Tuvalu Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  468. ^ "Visa Requirements". washington.mofa.go.ug.
  469. ^ "Uganda e-Visa".
  470. ^ "Uganda Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  471. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  472. ^ "Ukraine Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  473. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  474. ^ "United Arab Emirates Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  475. ^ UK visa requirements: list for carriers, Government of the United Kingdom, 2 October 2017.
  476. ^ "UK Visas and Immigration - GOV.UK".
  477. ^ "United Kingdom Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  478. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  479. ^ "Uruguay Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  480. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  481. ^ "OFFICIAL ELECTRONIC VISA PORTAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN". mfa.uz. Retrieved 2018.
  482. ^ "? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?". lex.uz. 4 July 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  483. ^ "Uzbekistan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  484. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  485. ^ "Vanuatu Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  486. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  487. ^ a b Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  488. ^ "E-visa".
  489. ^ a b "No visa required for tourists to Phu Quoc on short stay - Vietsea Tourist - Travel to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand - Vietnam Travel Tours".
  490. ^ "Phu Quoc Visa - Exemptions - Requirements - Vietnam".
  491. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  492. ^ "Yemen".
  493. ^ a b "Yemen Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  494. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  495. ^ "Zambia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  496. ^ Company, Alfa XP Software. "e-Visa". Archived from the original on 2015-08-09. Retrieved .
  497. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  498. ^ "Zimbabwe Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  499. ^ "eVisa Zimbabwe". www.evisa.gov.zw.
  500. ^ Splinter, Hans van der. "Ministry of Tourism - Tourism Service Center".
  501. ^ "Ascension Island E-Visa System". 13 November 2018.
  502. ^ "Entry Visas". 13 November 2018.
  503. ^ "Useful info - St Helena Tourism". Sthelenatourism.com. Retrieved .
  504. ^ "Tristan da Cunha Information for Visitors".
  505. ^ "Mayotte Visa: Application, Requirements. Apply for Mahoran Visas Online". VisaHQ.com.
  506. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  507. ^ https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/International-Travel-Country-Information-Pages/Somalia.html
  508. ^ "Reunion Visa: Application, Requirements. Apply for French Visas Online". VisaHQ.com.
  509. ^ "Republic of South Sudan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  510. ^ "British Indian Ocean Territory travel advice - GOV.UK".
  511. ^ Tours must be organized by a travel agent registered in Hainan province and approved by the National Tourism Administration of China.
  512. ^ http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/visas/hrsq/
  513. ^ Visit visa / entry permit requirements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Immigration Department of Hong Kong, April 2017.
  514. ^ "https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&...". 14 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. External link in |title= (help)
  515. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  516. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-01. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  517. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-09. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  518. ^ https://mha.gov.in/PDF_Other/AnnexVII_01022018.pdf
  519. ^ "Tourism in Lakshadweep". Archived from the original on 2014-07-13.
  520. ^ "Kazakhstan Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  521. ^ Entry and exit of non-residents, Public Security Police Force of Macau.
  522. ^ "Malaysia Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  523. ^ "Maldives Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  524. ^ "Israel Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  525. ^ Visa, Bureau of Consular Affairs of Taiwan.
  526. ^ "Pamirs - the roof of the world". www.pamirs.org.
  527. ^ host, just. "Welcome traveltajikistan.com - Justhost.com". Archived from the original on 2015-04-23.
  528. ^ "Tajikistan Visa". 19 April 2012.
  529. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  530. ^ "How to get Tibet Travel Permit, Successful Application Tips".
  531. ^ "How to get a Tibet Travel Permits - Tibet Visa 2016?". Archived from the original on 2017-10-22. Retrieved .
  532. ^ "https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&...". 14 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. External link in |title= (help)
  533. ^ Visa requirements for Anguilla, Government of Anguilla, October 2016.
  534. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  535. ^ "Aruba Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  536. ^ Bermuda entry visas, Government of Bermuda.
  537. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  538. ^ "Bonaire, St. Eustatius, and Saba (BES) Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  539. ^ Visas, Tourism Board of the British Virgin Islands.
  540. ^ Visa-free and visa-required countries, Department of Immigration of the Cayman Islands.
  541. ^ Timatic
  542. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  543. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  544. ^ a b "Denmark travel advice - GOV.UK".
  545. ^ "Venezuela Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2015.
  546. ^ Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  547. ^ "Sint Maarten Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2015.
  548. ^ Requirements to obtain a Turks and Caicos visitor's visa, Ministry of Border Control and Employment of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
  549. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-06-23. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  550. ^ "The Friends of Mount Athos - A Pilgrim's Guide to Mount Athos: Planning Your Visit".
  551. ^ Ioannis, DATAFON Verginis G. "MOUNT ATHOS INFO, ?, BERG ATHOS, OURANOUPOLIS, ". Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved .
  552. ^ Developed.", Government Authorities or Not Fully (15 January 2015). "Ukraine requires special permission to enter the ATO zone starting January 21 -". Euromaidan Press.
  553. ^ "Visa-free travel time up to ten days in parts of Brest Oblast, Grodno Oblast as from 1 January". Eng.belta.by. Retrieved .
  554. ^ "Foreigners Now Need Russian Visa to Visit Crimea".
  555. ^ "Ukraine imposes passport control on rebel-held regions". 6 November 2014.
  556. ^ Cyprus, Korinia Estate Agency, North. "Northern Cyprus, Living in North Cyprus, Postal System, Passports and Visa".
  557. ^ "How to get to North Cyprus? - Passport, Visa & Entry Requirements".
  558. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-21. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  559. ^ a b Visas and immigration, Government of Gibraltar.
  560. ^ "Do I require an entry clearance/ VISA". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02.
  561. ^ "An overview of Immigration in the Isle of Man". Archived from the original on 2013-11-23.
  562. ^ Crew, Jan Mayen. "JAN MAYEN HOMESITE, EDITED BY THE JAN MAYEN CREW".
  563. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  564. ^ Jersey, States of. "Visa and passport requirements for visitors".
  565. ^ "Special Categories Exempted From Visa Requirements - For Foreign Citizens - Consular Services - Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo".
  566. ^ "The procedure of foreign citizens' entry to the NKR - MFA NKR". Retrieved .[dead link]
  567. ^ "The Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in USA".
  568. ^ FS. "Az?rbaycan Respublikas?n?n Xarici l?r Nazirliyi Az?rbaycan Respublikas?n?n v?t?nda?lar?na Liviyada mövcud olan v?ziyy?tl? ba?l? x?b?rdarl?q edir, 12 may 2011-ci il".
  569. ^ "? - ".
  570. ^ "Procedure of the Entry to the Territory of the Republic of South Ossetia - ". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved .
  571. ^ "Visa and passport requirements". Retrieved 2015.
  572. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  573. ^ "Rules and recommendations - Transnistria tour".
  574. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 14, 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  575. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 31, 2012. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  576. ^ Quintero, Bruno. "Clipperton - Ile de La Passion".
  577. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  578. ^ Ruling of 29 December 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of French Polynesia, Légifrance (in French).
  579. ^ "Getting In and Out of Guam - Entry & Exit Formalities".
  580. ^ "Customs Entry into Guam U.S.A. Official Guam site".
  581. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  582. ^ "Northern Mariana Islands Visa - Application, Requirements - Passport & Travel Guide".
  583. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-18. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  584. ^ Haigh, Bill. "Pitcairn Islands".
  585. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.government.pn.
  586. ^ "https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?FullText=1&...". 15 March 2014. Archived from the original on 15 March 2014. External link in |title= (help)
  587. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  588. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  589. ^ "Redirect Page". www.fws.gov.
  590. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  591. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  592. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  593. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  594. ^ "INFORMACIÓN A LA CIUDADANÍA - Consejo de Gobierno de Regimen Especial de Galápagos". Archived from the original on February 21, 2015.
  595. ^ Ruling of 26 July 2011 regarding the documents and visas required for the entry of foreigners in the territory of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and the collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Légifrance (in French).
  596. ^ fatpromotions.co.uk. "Entry and Exit requirements -Need to know -Travel Guide -The Falklands archipelago is teeming with wonders of wildlife and nature -Falkland Islands Tourist Board".
  597. ^ "South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (British Overseas Territory) travel advice - GOV.UK".
  598. ^ http://www.gov.gs/docsarchive/Visitors/Information/Information%20for%20visitors%20to%20South%20Georgia%202017-18.pdf
  599. ^ "Antarctic tourism - British Antarctic Survey".
  600. ^ "Antarctic tourism - British Antarctic Survey".
  601. ^ "British Antarctic Territory - GOV.UK".
  602. ^ "Accès à l'Antarctique". Archived from the original on 2018-05-01. Retrieved .
  603. ^ "Accès aux Terres australes françaises". Archived from the original on 2014-05-02. Retrieved .
  604. ^ "Accès aux îles Eparses". Archived from the original on 2018-04-17. Retrieved .
  605. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-05. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  606. ^ "Forms expeditioners must sign".
  607. ^ Division, c=AU;o=Commonwealth of Australia;ou=Department of the Environment and Energy;ou=Australian Antarctic. "Frequently asked questions".
  608. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  609. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  610. ^ Trade, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and. "The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade acts in the world to make New Zealanders safer and more prosperous". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
  611. ^ state.gov: Passport Card Archived 2015-09-05 at the Wayback Machine, accessdate: June 6, 2015
  612. ^ "U.S. APEC Business Travel Card Program Frequently Asked Questions - U.S. Customs and Border Protection". Archived from the original on 2016-05-07. Retrieved .
  613. ^ "ABTC Summary - APEC Business Travel Card". Archived from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved .
  614. ^ "Airports with Global Entry Kiosks - U.S. Customs and Border Protection".
  615. ^ "Does a U.S. APEC Business Travel Card Allow Visa-Free Travel to China? - Chodorow Law Offices". 13 December 2015.
  616. ^ "S.504 - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Business Travel Cards Act of 2017". Congress.gov. Retrieved 2019.
  617. ^ "Country Information". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  618. ^ Agence régionale de sante Guyane (September 2, 2018). "Fièvre jaune" (in French). Retrieved 2019.
  619. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation; and other vaccination requirement
  620. ^ Ian, Sample (1 April 2021). "Pfizer vaccine has 91% efficacy for up to six months, trial shows". The Guardian. Retrieved 2021. He said scientists had become "terribly worried" about the variant's ability to evade immunity from previous infection or vaccination. "Studies like this confirm our sense that the vaccine gives such massive protective headroom that even with some loss of immunity, you're still safe," he said.
  621. ^ Bahrain government website
  622. ^ "PASSPORTS AND VISA | GoIsrael - the Official Website of Tourism to Israel".
  623. ^ "Government Of Peru Requires Six-Month Validity On Passports To Enter Peru". Traveling & Living in Peru. Retrieved 2021.
  624. ^ "Bureau of Immigration of the Republic of the Philippines". Retrieved 2021.
  625. ^ Timatic
  626. ^ "Maldives Reduces Passport Validity Requirement of Minimum 6 Months to Just 1 Month". Corporate Maldives. Retrieved 2021.
  627. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Embassy of Japan in New Zealand. Retrieved 2021. 15. How long does my passport need to be valid in order to enter Japan? Japan does not have any regulations relating to passport validity, so long as your passport will be valid until after you leave Japan.
  628. ^ "Entering the UK". Gov.UK. Retrieved 2021. You're not from an EEA country: you must have a valid passport to enter the UK. It should be valid for the whole of your stay.
  629. ^ "Foreign Affairs Manual, 9 FAM 403.9-3(B)(2) f". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  630. ^ "How long should my passport be valid when traveling to the United States?" (PDF). U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017.
  631. ^ "Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Republic of Turkey. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 2018. Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany - Passports expired within the last year / ID's expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria - Valid ordinary passport
  632. ^ Government of Canada -- Overcome criminal convictions
  633. ^ Mar 18, INDIATIMES NEWS NETWORK /; 2005; Ist, 12:31. "No entry for Modi into US: visa denied | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved .CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  634. ^ "Travel Report - Kuwait". Voyage.gc.ca. 2012-11-16. Retrieved .
  635. ^ Travel Advice for Lebanon - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-24 at the Wayback Machine and Lebanese Ministry of Tourism Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  636. ^ "Travel Advice for Libya - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved .
  637. ^ "Travel Advice for Sudan - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved .
  638. ^ Travel Advice for Syria - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine and Syrian Ministry of Tourism
  639. ^ "Travel Advice for Yemen - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Smartraveller.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2011-08-20. Retrieved .
  640. ^ "It is possible to visit KSA with an Israeli stamp on the passport?". Visit Saudi. Retrieved .
  641. ^ "2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Azerbaijan". U.S. Department of State. Office of the Inspector General. 30 March 2021. Retrieved 2021. Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killing; torture; arbitrary detention; harsh and sometimes life-threatening prison conditions; political prisoners; arbitrary interference with privacy; politically motivated reprisal against individuals outside the country; pervasive problems with the independence of the judiciary; heavy restrictions on free expression, the press, and the internet, including violence against journalists, the criminalization of libel and slander, harassment and incarceration of journalists on questionable charges, and blocking of websites; substantial interference with the rights of peaceful assembly and freedom of association; restrictions on freedom of movement; severe restrictions on political participation; systemic government corruption; police brutality against individuals based on sexual orientation; and existence of the worst forms of child labour. Significant human rights issues connected with the Nagorno-Karabakh armed conflict included unlawful killings, civilian casualties, and inhuman treatment. The government did not prosecute or punish the majority of officials who committed human rights abuses; impunity remained a problem.
  642. ^ "ECRI REPORT ON AZERBAIJAN (fifth monitoring cycle)" (PDF). European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI). Council of Europe. Retrieved 2021. there is a conflict-ridden domestic political discourse and Azerbaijan's leadership, education system and media are very prolific in their denigration of Armenians. Political opponents are accused of having Armenian roots or of receiving funds from Armenian sources. An entire generation of Azerbaijanis has now grown up listening to constant rhetoric of Armenian aggression. According to a 2012 survey, 91% perceived Armenia as Azerbaijan's greatest enemy. As a result, the Armenians living in the country need to hide their ethnic affiliation and there is no organisation of the Armenian minority in the country with which ECRI's delegation could have met. The human rights activists Leyla and Arif Yunus, who worked inter alia towards reconciliation with Armenia, have been arrested and sentenced under controversial accusations to heavy prison terms.
  643. ^ The Caucasus: Frozen Conflicts and Closed Borders: Hearing Before The Committee On Foreign Affairs House Of Representatives One Hundred Tenth Congress Second Session (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2021. Our goal is the complete elimination of Armenians. You, Nazis, already eliminated the Jews in the 1930s and 40s, right? You should be able to understand us.
  644. ^ Kucera, Joshua (5 July 2017). "Russia Complains To Azerbaijan About Discrimination Against Armenians". Eurasianet, an independent news organization. Retrieved 2021. Russia has formally complained to Azerbaijan about "ethnic discrimination" against Russian citizens of Armenian origin, saying that 25 Russians so far this year have been denied entry to Azerbaijan because they had Armenian names. #"Russian citizens arriving in Azerbaijan are truly discriminated against on ethnic grounds," the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement on July 5. "We demand the cessation of this outrageous practice, inconsistent with the friendly relations between our two countries." Azerbaijan has long denied entry to citizens of all countries, not just Russians, whose names end in the standard Armenian surname suffixes -ian or -yan.
  645. ^ "Citing ethnicity, Azerbaijan bars photojournalist". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 2021. Diana Markosian, a freelance photographer for Bloomberg Markets magazine was denied entry to Azerbaijan last week by authorities who cited her ethnicity as a reason, international news reports said. On June 27, border guards at the Heydar Aliyev International Airport in Baku detained Markosian on arrival from the Latvian capital, Riga, then expelled her the next day, according to press reports and CPJ interviews. Markosian told CPJ that the border guards took her passport, saying that she had an Armenian last name and that they "needed to clarify something." Then they put her in the airport's transit zone where she spent 16 hours until she was put on a flight to Tbilisi, Georgia. Markosian holds both U.S. and Russian citizenship, she told CPJ. A government spokesman told the Baku-based news agency APA that Markosian was deported because authorities would be unable to provide her with "security" since she is an ethnic Armenian.
  646. ^ a b "Azerbaijan Country Page of the NCSJ (advocates on behalf of Jews in Russia, Ukraine, the Baltic States & Eurasia) accessed 23 May 2010". Archived from the original on 8 March 2009. Retrieved .
  647. ^ "Warning for the foreign nationals wishing to travel to the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2017.