Voiced Bilabial Implosive
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Voiced Bilabial Implosive
Voiced bilabial implosive
?
IPA Number160
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɓ
Unicode (hex)U+0253
X-SAMPAb_<
Braille? (braille pattern dots-236)? (braille pattern dots-12)
Audio sample

A voiced bilabial implosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b_<.

Features

Features of the voiced bilabial implosive:

  • Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also oral, with no nasal outlet, the airflow is blocked entirely, and the consonant is a plosive.
  • Its place of articulation is bilabial, which means it is articulated with both lips.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the central-lateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is implosive (glottalic ingressive), which means it is produced by pulling air in by pumping the glottis downward. Since it is voiced, the glottis is not completely closed, but allows a pulmonic airstream to escape through it.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Ega[1] [?á] 'send away'
English Southern American[2] boy [?] 'boy' Possible realization of word-initial /b/.[2] See English phonology
Fula[3] ful?e
[ful?e] 'Fulbe person' (g.)
Goemai ?as [?as] 'to fetch'
Hausa ?a?ewa [?aua] 'quarreling'
Jamaican Patois[4] beat [?i:t] 'beat' Allophone of /b/ in the onset of prominent syllables.
Kalabari[5] ?á [?á] 'kill'
Khmer [j] 'three'
Mayan Yucatec balam [?alam] 'jaguar'
Mono[6] 'baloe [?ál] 'at'
Paumarí[7] 'bo'da [?o?a] 'old'
Seereer-Siin[8] ?ood [?o:d] 'to crawl' Contrasts phonemically with voiceless implosive
Saraiki[9] [:.l] 'child'
Sindhi [?a?r?]
Tera[10] ?ala [?ala] 'to talk' Contrasts phonemically with palatalized implosive, //
Tukang Besi [a?a] 'previous'
Vietnamese[11] b?n [?an] 'you' See Vietnamese phonology
Zulu ubaba [ú'?à:?á] 'my father'

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Connell, Ahoua & Gibbon (2002:100)
  2. ^ a b Wells (1982:489)
  3. ^ Keer (1999:82)
  4. ^ Devonish & Harry (2004:456)
  5. ^ Harry (2003:113)
  6. ^ Olson (2004:233)
  7. ^ Everett (2003:23)
  8. ^ Mc Laughlin (2005:203)
  9. ^ Bashir, Elena; J. Conners, Thomas (2019). "3.3.1.3". A Descriptive Grammar of Hindko, Panjabi, and Saraiki. Volume 4 of Mouton-CASL Grammar Series. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 28. ISBN 9781614512257. Saraiki has four voiced implosive stops: bilabial /?/, alveolar /?/, palatal /?/, and velar /?/. |volume= has extra text (help)
  10. ^ Tench (2007:228)
  11. ^ Thompson (1959:458-461)

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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