Voiced Velar Lateral Approximant
Get Voiced Velar Lateral Approximant essential facts below. View Videos or join the Voiced Velar Lateral Approximant discussion. Add Voiced Velar Lateral Approximant to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Voiced Velar Lateral Approximant
Voiced velar lateral approximant
IPA Number158
Entity (decimal)ʟ
Unicode (hex)U+029F
Braille? (braille pattern dots-35)? (braille pattern dots-123)
Audio sample

The voiced velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used as a distinct consonant in a very small number[1] of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨?⟩ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\.

The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [].[2]


Features of the voiced velar lateral approximant:

The velar lateral [?] involves no contact of the tip of the tongue with the roof of the mouth: just like for the velar stop [?], the only contact takes place between the back of the tongue and the velum. This contrasts with the velarized alveolar lateral approximant [?] - also known as the dark l in English feel [fi:?] - for which the apex touches the alveolar ridge.[3]


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Southern US[4] middle ['m?d] 'middle' May occur before or after a velar consonant, as in milk and cycle, when assimilating /?/, as in wolf, or before labial consonants, as in help. See English phonology
full ['f:] 'full'
Hiw[5] r?evr?ov [?] 'evening' Realized as prestopped [].
Korean / dalguji [tudi] 'cart' Allophone of final consonant [?] ⟨?⟩ before velar consonants. See Korean phonology.
Melpa[6] pa?a [pa?a] 'fence' Realized as prestopped [].
Mid-Wahgi[7] aglagle [a?a?e] 'dizzy' Realized as prestopped [].

See also


  1. ^ François (2010), pp. 422-426.
  2. ^ François (2010), p. 425.
  3. ^ François (2010), p. 423.
  4. ^ Wells (1982), p. 551.
  5. ^ François (2010), p. 419.
  6. ^ Ladefoged (2005), p. 169.
  7. ^ Roca & Johnson (1999), p. 73.


  • François, Alexandre (2010), "Phonotactics and the prestopped velar lateral of Hiw: resolving the ambiguity of a complex segment" (PDF), Phonology, 27 (3): 393-434, doi:10.1017/s0952675710000205
  • Ladefoged, Peter (2005), Vowels and Consonants (2nd ed.), Blackwell
  • Roca, Iggy; Johnson, Wyn (1999), A Course in Phonology, Blackwell Publishing
  • Wells, John C. (1982). Accents of English. Volume 3: Beyond the British Isles (pp. i-xx, 467-674). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-52128541-0 .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes