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English /?/ is generally an approximant or an [hw] sequence, not a fricative, but Scots/?/ has been described as a fricative,
especially older Scots, where it was [xw]. Maddieson and Ladefoged were unable to confirm that any language has fricatives produced at two places of articulation. They conclude that "if it is a fricative, it is better described as a voiceless labialized velar fricative."
^?u?tar?i?, Rastislav; Komar, Smiljana; Petek, Bojan (1999), "Slovene", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 136, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874, ISBN0-521-65236-7
^Ladefoged, Peter (2006), A Course in Phonetics (5th ed.), Fort Worth: Harcourt College Publishers, p. 68.
^Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA: Cambridge University. 2007. p. 22. ISBN978-0-521-65236-0.
^ abJohnston, Paul (1997). "Regional Variation". In Jones, Charles (ed.). The Edinburgh History of the Scots Language. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 499, 510.
?u?tar?i?, Rastislav; Komar, Smiljana; Petek, Bojan (1999), "Slovene", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 135-139, doi:10.1017/S0025100300004874, ISBN0-521-65236-7