Get Voiceless Palatal Lateral Fricative essential facts below. View Videos or join the Voiceless Palatal Lateral Fricative discussion. Add Voiceless Palatal Lateral Fricative to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
This sound is somewhat rare; Dahalo has both a palatal lateral fricative and an affricate; Hadza has a series of affricates. In Bura, it is the realization of palatalized // and contrasts with [?].
The IPA has no dedicated symbol for this sound. The devoicing and raising diacritics may be used to transcribe it: ⟨⟩. However, the extIPA has the expected letter ⟨?⟩ (PUA ⟨?⟩):
If distinction is necessary, the voiceless alveolo-palatal lateral fricative may be transcribed as ⟨⟩ (retracted and palatalized ⟨?⟩) or ⟨?⟩ (devoiced, advanced and raised ⟨?⟩); these are essentially equivalent, since the contact includes both the blade and body (but not the tip) of the tongue. The equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are K_-_j or K_-' and L_0_+_r, respectively. A non-IPA letter ⟨⟩ (devoiced and raised ⟨?⟩ can be used, which is an ordinary "l", plus the curl found in the symbols for alveolo-palatal sibilant fricatives ⟨?, ?⟩).
Some scholars also posit the voiceless palatal lateral approximant distinct from the fricative. The approximant may be represented in the IPA as ⟨⟩. The distinction is not recognized by the International Phonetic Association.
Features of the voiceless palatal lateral fricative:
^An example of a scholar disagreeing with this position is Scholtz (2009). On page 15, she provides a phoneme chart for Trøndersk, in which /?/ is included. Under the phoneme chart she writes "Vanvik also lists // as an underlying phoneme, but that's ridiculous." She provides no further explanation for that.
Árnason, Kristján (2011), The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese, Oxford University Press, ISBN978-0-19-922931-4
Chirkova, Katia; Chen, Yiya (2013), "Xumi, Part 1: Lower Xumi, the Variety of the Lower and Middle Reaches of the Shuiluo River", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (3): 363-379, doi:10.1017/S0025100313000157
Chirkova, Katia; Chen, Yiya; Kocjan?i? Antolík, Tanja (2013), "Xumi, Part 2: Upper Xumi, the Variety of the Upper Reaches of the Shuiluo River", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 43 (3): 381-396, doi:10.1017/S0025100313000169
Zimmer, Karl; Orgun, Orhan (1999), "Turkish", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 154-158, ISBN0-521-65236-7