|Duke of Legnica, Brzeg, Wroc?aw|
|Born||6 June 1296|
|Died||after 13 January 1352|
|Noble family||Silesian Piasts|
|Spouse(s)||Anna of Masovia|
|Father||Henry V the Fat|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Greater Poland|
W?adys?aw of Legnica (Polish: W?adys?aw legnicki; 6 June 1296 - after 13 January 1352), was a Duke of Legnica during 1296-1312 (with his brothers until 1311 and briefly alone during 1311-1312), of Brzeg and Wroc?aw during 1296-1311 (with his brothers).
He was the third son of Henry V the Fat, Duke of Legnica and Wroc?aw, by his wife Elisabeth, daughter of Boles?aw the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland. He was born four months after his father's death, on 22 February 1296.
Since his birth, W?adys?aw was under the tutelage of both his mother, the Dowager Duchess Elisabeth (d. 1304) and his paternal uncle Bolko I (d. 1301). Between 1301-02 the official guardianship of Henry V's sons was taken by Henry of Würben, Bishop of Wroc?aw, and finally the authority over the Duchy of Wroc?aw-Legnica was taken by King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland personally.
In 1311 as a result of the pressure of the nobility of both Wroc?aw and Legnica (tired of the neglected rule of Boles?aw III), the Duchy was divided into three parts: Wroc?aw, Legnica and Brzeg. The poorest and least important was Brzeg. In the division treaty it was stipulated that the brother who took this district would receive from the other two a payment of 50,000 pieces of silver. As the oldest, Boles?aw III was allowed to choose first; as he had financial problems, he surprised his brothers by choosing Brzeg and the monetary compensation, so Henry could take Wroc?aw and W?adys?aw obtain Legnica.
However, W?adys?aw's reign over Legnica lasted only less than a year (1312) when he was deprived of the power by his older brother Boles?aw III, because he wasn't able to pay the financial obligations imposed in the division treaty, but the official pretext was his mental instability. Two years later, in 1314 —and after unsuccessfully attempts to pay his debt and retake Legnica— W?adys?aw's older brothers supported him to take up a spiritual career and he was appointed Canon in Wroc?aw.
Another important turning point W?adys?aw's life occurred around 1325, when he fled to Masovia, broke his vows and married with Anna, the daughter of Duke Boles?aw II on 13 August of that year. However, after three years (1328) —during which he unsuccessfully struggled to obtain his bride's dowry from her brothers— W?adys?aw left his wife and returned to Silesia. The formal dissolution of the marriage was granted one year later, around 13 January 1329.
At that time, W?adys?aw sold all his rights over Legnica to John of Luxemburg, King of Bohemia. This fact left his older brother Boles?aw III in an uncomfortable situation. W?adys?aw arrived as a vassal of Bohemia and with the orders to take control over his former land. However, Boles?aw III made a quick move, and on 9 May 1329 he paid homage to King John and declared himself as his vassal. W?adys?aw probably witnessed this, because he was along with the King on an expedition to cross Lithuania, for which he was set off against the Teutonic Order.
The money that W?adys?aw received from John of Luxembourg was quickly exhausted. To survive, he becomes the chief of a band and with them, he was dedicated to looting the lands of his brother Boles?aw III. Captured, he was imprisoned for half a year in a dungeon of the Legnica castle, and was released only thanks to the intervention of his brother Henry VI the Good. Despite a pension granted to him by his brothers, he resumed his criminal activities. Once captured, he was imprisoned for over a year in dungeons.
When W?adys?aw finally regained his freedom, he was a shadow of himself. His mental illness worsened during his captivity. Boles?aw III decided to maintain him under his custody, and W?adys?aw spent the rest of his life throughout Silesia, under close supervision. The exact date of his death is unknown, the only certain fact is that he survived his brothers and the day of his death was around 11 January.