Weinan
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Weinan
Weinan

WeiNan.JPG
Location of Weinan City jurisdiction in Shaanxi
Location of Weinan City jurisdiction in Shaanxi
Coordinates (Weinan municipal government): 34°31?14?N 109°28?16?E / 34.5206°N 109.4710°E / 34.5206; 109.4710Coordinates: 34°31?14?N 109°28?16?E / 34.5206°N 109.4710°E / 34.5206; 109.4710
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShaanxi
Settled668 BC
Municipal seatLinwei District
Divisions
County-level:


Township-level:

2 district
2 county-level cities
7 counties

143 towns and villages
Government
 o CPC Ctte SecretaryLi Mingyuan
 o MayorLi Yi
Area
 o Land13,134 km2 (5,071 sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2018)[1]
78 km2 (30 sq mi)
Population
(2010)
 o Prefecture-level city5,520,772
 o Urban
 (2018)[1]
660,000
 o Urban density8,500/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Guanzhong dialect
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
714000
Area code(s)0913
ISO 3166 codeCN-SN-05
GDP2011
 - TotalCNY1,119.0 billion
(USD177.6 billion)
 - Per capitaCNY19,424
(USD3,007)
Licence plate prefixes?E
Website(in Chinese) Weinan.gov.cn
(in English) EN.Weinan.gov.cn

Weinan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wèinán) is a prefecture-level city in the east central Shaanxi province, China. The city lies on the lower section of the Wei River confluencing into the Yellow River, about 60 km (37 mi) east of the provincial capital Xi'an, and borders the provinces of Shanxi and Henan to the east.

The name "Weinan", literally meaning "south of the Wei River", describes the location of the city's urban districts being mostly south of the Wei River, although majority of its metropolitan area actually lies on the north side of the river.

History

Xiyue Temple was first built in the Han Dynasty

As a significant area between the ancient Chinese capital Xi'an and Luoyang, Weinan has a long history.

Ancient

Weinan Drum Tower, built in the Ming Dynasty

The ancient Dali Man lived in the modern area of Weinan. The Xiagui county was settled in the year of 668 BC by the state of Qin. Weinan got its name in the year of 360 by the Former Qin regime. In the Tang Dynasty, 10 emperors were buried in Weinan after their death. On the morning of 23 January 1556, the deadliest earthquake on record with its epicenter in Huaxian killed approximately 830,000 people, destroying an 840 kilometre-wide (520 mi) area.[2]

Modern

The Weinan prefecture-level city was established in 1995, in replacement of the Weinan prefecture. Due to the construction of the Sanmenxia Dam, the economy of the city was restricted to agricultural sections, and therefore the development level of the city is much lower than other cities in the province. The city developed rapidly after economic reform in China. The east part of Guanzhong Plain now belongs to the city, making Weinan the second most populated city in the Shaanxi province, after the capital Xi'an.

Administration

The municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Linwei District, together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux.

Administrative divisions of Weinan City
Division code[3] English name Chinese name Pinyin Area
(km)
Seat Postal code Subdivisions[4]
Subdistricts Towns Residential communities Villages
610500 Weinan City Wèinán Shì 13030.56 Linwei District 714000 12 130 215 3218
610502 Linwei District Línwèi Q? 1263.76 Duqiao Subdistrict (?) 714000 8 16 56 514
610503 Huazhou District Huàzh?u Q? 1132.46 Huazhou Subdistrict (?) 714100 1 9 15 242
610522 Tongguan County Tónggu?n Xiàn 427.35 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 714300 1 4 15 78
610523 Dali County Dàlì Xiàn 1690.60 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 715100 1 15 26 400
610524 Heyang County Héyáng Xiàn 1317.15 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 715300 1 11 19 353
610525 Chengcheng County Chéngchéng Xiàn 1121.64 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 715200 1 9 14 266
610526 Pucheng County Púchéng Xiàn 1579.81 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 715500 1 15 8 373
610527 Baishui County Báishu? Xiàn 983.95 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 715600 1 7 11 194
610528 Fuping County Fùpíng Xiàn 1245.99 Chengguan Subdistrict (?) 711700 1 14 9 337
610581 Hancheng City Hánchéng Shì 1591.60 Xincheng Subdistrict (?) 715400 2 10 26 275
610582 Huayin City Huày?n Shì 676.26 Taihua Road Subdistrict () 714200 2 4 16 186
Note: The statistic of Linwei District inclouds the 2 subdistricts of Weinan High-Tech Industrial Development Zone.

Geography

Climate data for Weinan (1981-2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
9.3
(48.7)
15.1
(59.2)
22.0
(71.6)
27.3
(81.1)
31.9
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
25.9
(78.6)
19.9
(67.8)
12.7
(54.9)
6.4
(43.5)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) -0.3
(31.5)
3.4
(38.1)
8.6
(47.5)
15.2
(59.4)
20.4
(68.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.0
(77.0)
20.0
(68.0)
14.0
(57.2)
6.8
(44.2)
0.9
(33.6)
13.8
(56.9)
Average low °C (°F) -4.4
(24.1)
-1.3
(29.7)
3.2
(37.8)
9.1
(48.4)
14.0
(57.2)
18.9
(66.0)
21.7
(71.1)
20.4
(68.7)
15.6
(60.1)
9.6
(49.3)
2.2
(36.0)
-3.2
(26.2)
8.8
(47.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.6
(0.22)
10.3
(0.41)
22.9
(0.90)
41.8
(1.65)
51.3
(2.02)
62.4
(2.46)
93.3
(3.67)
96.2
(3.79)
94.1
(3.70)
62.5
(2.46)
23.5
(0.93)
5.5
(0.22)
569.4
(22.43)
Average relative humidity (%) 67 64 65 66 67 63 74 80 82 79 75 71 71
Source: China Meteorological Administration[5]

Demographics

Breakdown of Weinan population by district and county (2010 census)
Division Permanent residents[6](November 2010) Hukou residents[7]
(by end of 2010)
Total Percentage Population density (persons/km2)
Weinan City 5286077 100 405.67 5600599
Linwei District 877142 16.59 694.07 976822
Huazhou District 322148 6.09 284.47 347913
Tongguan County 155463 2.94 363.79 165860
Dali County 693392 13.12 410.15 718340
Heyang County 436441 8.26 331.35 451983
Chengcheng County 386150 7.31 344.27 404663
Pucheng County 743000 14.06 470.31 782571
Baishui County 279679 5.29 284.24 294823
Fuping County 743385 14.06 596.62 791246
Hancheng City 391164 7.40 245.77 399696
Huayin City 258113 4.88 381.68 266682
Note:The permanent residents of Linwei district include the 49209 permanent residents of Weinan High-Tech Industrial Development Zone.

According to the sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, there are 5,286,077 people resident in Weinan.[8] Compared to the previous census data from 2000, the population has decreased by 108,729 persons. Among the residents, 50.75% are males and 49.25% are females. The number of male and female residents are separately 2,682,710 and 2,603,367. The sex ratio is 103.05.[8]

Transportation

Due to its location on the plain, Weinan is well connected, especially to the provincial capital Xi'an.

Public Transportation

As of March 2015, there are 20 bus routes operated in the urban area of the city. Apart from line 1 and 2 with air-conditioning carrying a fare of 2 RMB, all other bus route fares are 1 RMB. There are also 1000 taxis in the urban city, The base fare is currently ¥5 which covers the first 2.5 km. Additional kilometers cost ¥1.4 or ¥1.5 each.

Roads

China National Highway 108 and China National Highway 310 pass through the city. Major expressways in the city are G5 Beijing-Kunming Expressway, G30 Lianyungang-Khorgas Expressway and G65E Yulin-Lantian Expressway. 5 bridges connect north and south part of the city on the Wei River, there are also 3 road bridges connecting the city to the neighboring Shanxi Province on the Yellow River.

Rail

Weinan North railway station is connected by two high-speed railways.

The urban city of Weinan owns 4 railway stations. Weinan railway station was open in 1934. Located on the important Longhai railway, almost all Chinese major cities can be reached through the train. Weinan North railway station is served by high-speed trains on the Xuzhou-Lanzhou and Datong-Xi'an lines. The station is part of the Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge, one of the longest bridges in the world. Weinan South railway station and Weinan West railway station are on the Nanjing-Xi'an Railway, they are both only served by the slowest trains.

In the suburban area, there are also 2 stations for high-speed railway:Huashan North Railway Station and Dali Railway Station, there are as well also stations for conventional rail like the Huashan railway station and Hancheng railway station.

Air

There is no commercial passagenger airport in Weinan, the nearest airport is Xi'an Xianyang International Airport. A shuttle bus connects the Weinan Railway Station with the airport frequently throughout the day. A smaller airport is under construction in Huazhou District to serve the tourism of Hua Mountain.

Tourism

Education

Schools

As of end in 2012, there are 2859 schools of all kinds; 75 high schools, 70 vocational schools, 310 junior high schools, 1266 primary schools, 1002 kindergartens and 7 special education schools.

Universities

Weinan has 3 higher educational institutions. The Weinan Normal University is a comprehensive multi-discipline research university. Weinan has 2 other tertiary institutions, they are Shaanxi Railway Institute and Weinan Vocational and Technical College.

Notable people

International relations

Weinan's twin towns and sister cities are:

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ "China's History of Massive Earthquakes". 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  3. ^ (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. Retrieved .
  4. ^ Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 2014? (in Chinese). China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.
  5. ^ ? - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved .
  6. ^ National Bureau of Statistics of China (2012). 2010? (in Chinese). China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  7. ^ Ministry of Public Security of China. ?2010? (in Chinese). . ISBN 978-7-5014-4917-0.
  8. ^ a b 2010?. Bureau of Health and Family Planning of Weinan City, in Chinese. Retrieved .
  9. ^ . Weinan People's Government. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Weinan
 



 



 
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