Wikiquote
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Wikiquote
Wikiquote
Wikiquote logo
Wikiquote screenshot 2008.png
Screenshot of the wikiquote.org home page
Type of site
Quotation repository
Available inMultilingual (67 active)[1]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byDaniel Alston, Brion Vibber and the Wikimedia community
URLwww.wikiquote.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
Launched10 July 2003; 18 years ago (2003-07-10)
Current statusactive

Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. Based on an idea by Daniel Alston and implemented by Brion Vibber, the goal of the project, which began as an outgrowth to popflock.com resource Famous Quotations, is to produce collaboratively a vast reference of quotations from prominent people, books, films, proverbs, etc. and to be as proper as possible in regard to the details of the quotations and also providing the appropriate human reference of the quotation.

Initially, the project was created solely in English in July 2003; a later expansion to include additional languages was started in July 2004.[2] As of July 2021, there are active Wikiquote sites for 67 languages[1] comprising a total of 255,014 articles and 1,487 recently active editors.[3]

History

Growth of the largest eight Wikiquotes until early 2008

The Wikiquote site originated in 2003.[4] The article creation milestones are taken from WikiStats.[2]

Date Event
27 June 2003
Temporarily put on the Wolof language popflock.com resource (wo.wikipedia.org).
10 July 2003
Own subdomain created (quote.wikipedia.org).
25 August 2003
Own domain created (wikiquote.org).
17 July 2004
New languages added.
13 November 2004
English edition reaches 2,000 pages.
November 2004
Reaches 24 languages.
March 2005
Reaches 10,000 pages in total. English edition has close to 3,000 pages.
June 2005
Reaches 34 languages, including one classical (Latin) and one artificial (Esperanto)
4 November 2005
English Wikiquote reaches 5,000 pages.
April 2006
French Wikiquote taken down for legal reasons.
4 December 2006
French Wikiquote restarted.
7 May 2007
English Wikiquote reaches 10,000 pages.
July 2007
Reaches 40 languages.
February 2010
Reaches a total of 100,000 articles among all languages.
May 2016
Reaches a total of 200,000 articles among all languages.
January 2018
Introduced in the curriculum of national partnerships between schools and non-profits (Italy[5])

Operation

Though there are many online collections of quotations, Wikiquote is distinguished by being among the few that provide an opportunity for visitors to contribute[6] and the very few which strive to provide exact sources for each quotation as well as corrections of misattributed quotations. Wikiquote pages are cross-linked to articles about the notable personalities on Wikipedia.[7]

Multi-lingual cooperation

As of July 2021, there are Wikiquote sites for 89 languages of which 67 are active and 22 are closed.[1] The active sites have 255,014 articles and the closed sites have 638 articles.[3] There are 4,009,278 registered users of which 1,487 are recently active.[3]

The top ten Wikiquote language projects by mainspace article count:[3]

No Language Wiki Good Total Edits Admins Users Active users Files
1 Italian it 40,113 170,750 1,159,199 11 86,211 110 295
2 English en 39,932 180,869 2,976,402 14 3,098,191 422 0
3 Polish pl 24,645 52,004 523,959 8 49,455 84 1
4 Russian ru 14,064 37,924 363,946 7 92,557 56 0
5 Czech cs 10,555 14,436 119,557 3 15,973 29 1
6 Persian fa 8,808 30,442 161,033 4 24,906 41 39
7 German de 7,866 20,149 515,738 6 59,510 29 17
8 Portuguese pt 7,577 28,783 175,224 3 34,784 38 19
9 French fr 7,190 29,224 327,782 7 65,267 54 0
10 Ukrainian uk 7,086 32,297 111,940 6 14,575 22 0

For a complete list with totals see Wikimedia Statistics: [8]

Use in experiments

It can be possible to utilise Wikiquote as a text corpus for language experiments.[9] The University of Wroclaw team entering Conversational Intelligence Challenge of the 2017 Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2017) used Wikiquote to produce a conversational talker module for extraction of rare words.[10]

Reception

Wikiquote has been suggested as "a great starting point for a quotation search" with only quotes with sourced citations being available. It is also noted as a source from frequent misquotes and their possible origins.[11][12] It can be used for analysis to produce claims such as "Albert Einstein is probably the most quoted figure of our time".[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Sitematrix. Retrieved July 2021 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/meta.tab
  2. ^ a b "Wikiquote Statistics - Article count (official)". Wikimedia. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Siteinfo. Retrieved July 2021 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/data.tab
  4. ^ Woods, Dan; Theony, Peter (February 2011). "3: The Thousand Problem-Solving Faces of Wikis". Wikis for Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-118-05066-8. OCLC 897595141. OL 5741003W.
  5. ^ "Protocollo MIUR-Wikimedia" (in Italian). Ministero dell'istruzione, dell'università e della ricerca. 26 January 2018. Archived from the original on 28 January 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ DeVinney, Gemma (18 January 2007). "Wikiquote: Another source for quotes on the Web". UB Reporter. University of Buffalo. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  7. ^ Ahsan, Hafsa (27 January 2007). "It's all about Wikis". DAWN. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Wikiquote Statistics". Meta.Wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2020.
  9. ^ Buscaldi, D.; Rosso, P. (2007). Masulli F.; Mitra S.; Pasi G. (eds.). Some Experiments in Humour Recognition Using the Italian Wikiquote Collection. International Workshop on Fuzzy Logic and Applications. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-73400-0_58. ISBN 978-3-540-73399-7.
  10. ^ Chorowski, Jan; ?ancucki, Adrian; Malik, Szymon; Pawlikowski, Maciej; Rychlikowski, Pawe?; Zykowski, Pawe? (21 May 2018). A Talker Ensemble: the University of Wroc?aw's Entry to the NIPS 2017 Conversational Intelligence Challenge (Report). arXiv:1805.08032v1.
  11. ^ Rickson, Sharon (22 November 2013). "How to Research a Quotation". New York Public Library. On the Web. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Rentoul, John (11 May 2013). "The top ten:Misquotations". The Independent. Independent Digital News & Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 11 December 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ Robinson, Andrew (4 December 2019). "5 things you (probably) didn't know about Albert Einstein". History extra - BBC. Albert Einstein is probably the most quoted figure of our time. Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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