|Coordinates (Yancheng municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|o Type||Prefecture-level city|
|o CPC Yancheng Secretary||Zhu Kejiang ()|
|o Mayor||Dai Yuan ()|
|o Prefecture-level city||16,920.83 km2 (6,533.17 sq mi)|
|o Urban||1,914 km2 (739 sq mi)|
|o Prefecture-level city||7,200,000|
|o Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-JS-09|
|GDP||¥548.7 billion / US$79.77 billion (2018)|
|GDP per capita||¥75,986 / US$11,047 (2018)|
|License Plate Prefix||?J|
|Literal meaning||Salt City|
Yancheng (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China. As the city with the largest jurisdictional area in Jiangsu, Yancheng borders Lianyungang to the north, Huai'an to the west, Yangzhou and Taizhou to the southwest, Nantong to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the east.
Yancheng, literally "Salt City", is named after the salt harvest fields surrounding the city. According to historical records,[which?] collection and production of sea salt in the region began as early as 119 BC, during the Western Han Dynasty, when the settlement on the current location of Yancheng was named Yandu County (). According to the 2010 Census, Yancheng has a registered population of 8,203,728 — with 7,260,240 permanent residents. Its built up area of Tinghu and Yandu Districts was home to 1,615,717 inhabitants in 2010.
The prefecture-level city of Yancheng administers 9 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties. The population information here presented uses 2010 census data of permanent residents.
|Subdivision||Simplified Chinese||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)||Density (/km2)|
|Tinghu District||Tínghú Q?||904,417||1,072.25||843.48|
|Yandu District||Yánd? Q?||711,300||1,050.32||677.22|
|Dafeng District||Dàf?ng Q?||707,069||3,008.08||235.06|
|Xiangshui County||Xi?ngshu? Xiàn||509,524||1,473.80||345.72|
|Binhai County||B?nh?i Xiàn||956,162||1,949.60||490.44|
|Funing County||Fùníng Xiàn||843,275||1,438.78||586.10|
|Sheyang County||Shèyáng Xiàn||896,639||2,605.72||344.10|
|Jianhu County||Jiànhú Xiàn||741,646||1,157.07||640.97|
|Satellite cities (County-level cities)|
|Dongtai City||D?ngtái Shì||990,208||3,175.67||311.81|
Yancheng has a history of 2,100 years since the first canton was founded here in Han Dynasty at year 119 BC. It was named for the salt reserves in rivers around the area, its name literally meaning "Salt City". In later years, the city was the home of Fan Zhongyan, the 12th century statesman and Shi Nai'an, the reputed author of famous novels.
Yancheng was in the limelight during the Chinese Civil War from the 1930s to 1940s. The New Fourth Army led by the Communist Party of China was reestablished in Yancheng after being ambushed and battered by the enemy. After the revival, the Army played a very important role in the war and finally the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Many monuments in honor of these heroes can still be found around Yancheng.
A major fire and explosion accident happened in March 2019, killing 78 people and at least 94 were severely injured. Around 640 people required hospital treatment and were taken to 16 hospitals. The facility--located in Yancheng's industrial park--was operated by Tianjiayi Chemical (), and was used to produce fertilizer or pesticides. Tianjiayi Chemical had previously been penalized six times for infractions of pollution and waste management laws, and China Daily reported fines over safety issues. According to the South China Morning Post, this plant paid bribes, paid journalists and local officials so this chemical plant could remain open without any negative publicity or reasons to shut down.
On 27 November 2007, an explosion occurred in one of the chemical factories in Chenjiagang Chemical Zone (), with seven killed and around 50 injured. On 23 November 2010, more than thirty were poisoned by a toxic gas release. In the early morning of 11 February 2011, rumors of toxic chemical release and potential imminent explosions in the Chenjiagang Chemical Industry Park led over ten thousand residents to evacuate in panic from the towns of Chenjiagang and Shuanggang () during which four people died and many were injured. On the afternoon of May 18 and again on July 26 in 2011, there were explosions at local factories.
Yancheng occupies roughly 582 km (362 mi) of coastline, more than half of the whole province. By the end of the Mesolithic period, the marine transgressions changed almost of the area into a shallow bay. Continued deposition of silt carried by the Yangtze River and the Huai River extend its coast to the east gradually. Since 1128, the course of the Yellow River have changed to join up with the Huai River. The change has accelerated.
Typical of northern and central Jiangsu, Yancheng has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa/Cwa), strong influenced by the East Asian Monsoon. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 1.7 °C (35.1 °F) in January to 26.9 °C (80.4 °F) in July, with the annual mean at 14.68 °C (58.4 °F). A majority of the mean annual precipitation of 1,002 mm (39.4 in) is distributed in June thru August.
|Climate data for Yancheng (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.7
|Average low °C (°F)||-1.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||30.4
|Average relative humidity (%)||73||74||74||75||76||79||85||86||81||76||75||72||77|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Xinyi-Changxing Railway runs through the city.
The Yancheng District SRT Line 1 began testing in March 2021 and officially opened for trial operation on 16 April 2021 with a 17-station, 13 km (8.1 mi) route. The line uses the Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit system with four-segment 320 passenger guided vehicles. During the trial operation, the B3 line of Yancheng City Public Transport Company will run on the same line as the SRT.
Yancheng Nanyang International Airport now flies directly to Shanghai and Beijing, as well as flying directly to Hong Kong, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and so on.
The economy of Yancheng City has sustained its momentum. Preliminary statistics found that in 2015 gross regional products of the city was RMB 421,250,000,000, a 10.5 percent increase by comparable price from previous year. Agriculture has increased by RMB 51,653,000,000 in value, a 3.6 percent increase from previous year; industry has increased by RMB 192,547,000,000 in value, a 10.5 percent increase from previous year; tertiary business has increased by RMB 177,050,000,000 in value, a 12.5 percent increase from previous year.
Gross regional products per capita was RMB 58,299 (or US$8,862 at the average exchange rate of 2015), a 10.4 percent increase from previous year.
Outdoor activities include the Yangcheng wetlands and salt marshes, home of some unique and endangered species, including Père David's deer and the red-crowned crane. There is also a famous food street in east road springing up in recent years in which there are many restaurants in the style of Huizhou architecture.
Yancheng is twinned with the following domestic and foreign cities.