|o District||786 km2 (303 sq mi)|
|o District density||66/km2 (170/sq mi)|
Yeni?ehir is a district of Bursa province. It is 52 km far from the east of Bursa and Bursa city center. Bursa's international airport is within the borders of Yeni?ehir. For this reason, the Airport is called 'Yeni?ehir Airport'.
County economics is agriculture- and livestock-based. Although founded by the municipality in 2004, the YOIZ (Yeni?ehir Organized Industrial Zone) began the industrialization boom. It is the number one district of Bursa, especially in the export of agricultural products. Tomato and capsicum cultivation is world famous.
The region has a mild Marmara climate.
It is located close to ?negöl and ?znik. Some of the people of Yeni?ehir go to Bursa and ?negöl to work. Yeni?ehir is neighbor to Kestel in the west, ?negöl in the south, ?znik in the north, Orhangazi in the north-west and Bilecik in the east. The total population of the district is around 52,200.
Yeni?ehir, which was established by building permanent houses for the first time from the tent life in the Beylik period of the Ottoman Empire, was used by the Ottoman Army in Anatolia and Middle East expeditions due to its wetland and wide plain. The city was founded by Osman Gazi,where for the first time, a sermon was read, coins were printed, taxes were collected, a regular army was started to be established, and the first law (edict) was commanded here. Then the city was the capital for a short time (29 years) (although Sö?üt is also claimed to be the capital) and the city handed over the duty as capital with the acquisition of Bursa. The district is one of the developing districts of Bursa province.
The known history of Yeni?ehir dates back to the beginning of the 14th century. It was connected to the Ertu?rul sanjak, where Bilecik was the center at that time, and continued this position until 1926. ?znik was the subdistrict of the city between 1926 and 1930.
After the capture of Köprühisar and Yarhisar in the years when the Ottoman Empire became a state, Osman Bey gave this region to his veterans as a sword right. Yeni?ehir became known with this name for the first time since it was opened for construction. In the book "Ottoman History", written by ?smail Hakk? Uzunçarl?, the phrase "A Turkish city was established in the plain and a headquarters was built because it was close to the battlefield".
In the light of this information, it is understood that Yeni?ehir was established as a Turkish city and opened to residence. Yeni?ehir, a 680-year-old Turkish city, was occupied by the Greeks during the Turkish War of Independence/Greco-Turkish War between 27 October 1920 and 6 September 1922, and on 6 September 1922, the city was liberated from the occupation. The establishment of the villages goes back to old times, for example, the Yarhisar neighborhood is known to have Tekfur barracks during the Byzantine period. Likewise, Akb?y?k and Süleymaniye villages have remained from the Byzantine period (castle). The Ottomans built many historical monuments in the city. 10 of the 17 mosques in the district center belong to the Ottoman period. Some of the mosques and baths built in villages were built during the Ottoman period. Other historical monuments in the district are Babasultan Lodge, Sinanpa?a Mosque and Caravansary, Çiftehamamlar, Süleymanpa?a Mosque and Mausoleum, Palace Bath, Shemaki House.
While describing the history of Yeni?ehir, it made it easier to tell that Osman Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, spent his childhood in the Yarhisar neighborhood, and won great victories against the Byzantines in the Koyunhisar plain. The Ottomans also went to the west in several wars. In these wars, Osman Bey's brother Aydo?du Bey was martyred. His grave is still in Koyunhisar neighborhood.
The district, which is located 52 km east of Bursa and joined the Ottoman territory in the period of Osman Gazi, was granted to the veterans by Osman Gazi under the name of sword right. The city, which was established at the location opened to living, was named Yeni?ehir.
It has rich historical artifacts from the Ottoman period. The Palace Bath, which was left behind from the palace built by Osman Gazi in Yeni?ehir, is the Postinpu? Baba Lodge from the period of Murad I. Voyvoda Mosque (Ç?narl? Mosque), built in the 14th century, Koca Sinan Pasha Complex, Bali Bey Mosque, built in the 16th century. Ulu Mosque, Süleyman Pasha Complex, built by Orhan Bey, Double Bath, built by Hüseyin Pasha of Yeni?ehir in 1645, Yarhisar Village Orhan Mosque and Clock Tower are historical buildings worth seeing. In addition, there are historical tumuluses in Barc?n Neighborhood of Yeni?ehir.
The main income source of the district is agriculture. 78.7% of the total population lives on agriculture. All villages provide their livelihood with agricultural production, and 10,789 people of the district center's population also provide their livelihood with agricultural production. Industrialization in the district, where agriculture can be made in approximately 65% of its land, has started to develop. In 2004 and in the total area of 173.5 hectares in the Organized Industrial Zone, by Turkey Glass Bottle Factories, Anatolia Glass Yeni?ehir Inc. and Thrace Glass Yeni?ehir Inc., two factories operating in the field of glass packaging and flat glass were established. The total number of workers working in both factories is 1,064.
In addition, there are 2 vegetable oil factories, 3 flour factories, 1 dairy factory, 3 dairy workshops and 1 auto spare parts mold production factory. 343 people are employed in these facilities.
It was built in the 18th century by the Shemaki family who came to Anatolia from Shemakh town of Iran and settled in Yeni?ehir. On the ground floor of the two-story house there is a stony kitchen and a cellar to the right and two winter rooms to the left.
You can go upstairs with wooden stairs adjacent to the kitchen wall. Facing the garden, the front facade opens to the outside with arched sections in the form of porticoes. There is a big room opening to the sofa with iwan on the left and two rooms, one on the right and one on the small. Pen works with ornamental motifs and landscape decorations adorning the house from the 19th century.
There is no bathhouse part that is said to be located in the garden today.
Yeni?ehir Shemaki House Museum is open to visitors every day except Monday.
Yeni?ehir is 25 km from ?znik district in the north, 27 km from ?negöl district in the south, 45 km from Bilecik province in the east and 52 km from Bursa province in the west. There are scheduled bus services to Yeni?ehir from all four cities.
At Bursa Yeni?ehir Airport, scheduled civil flight services and cargo transportation can be made.
Visual media service was provided for a period under the name of Yeni?ehir TV (Yörem TV). There was also a radio publishing house broadcasting on the FM band called Radio S?rda? locally. Today, there is no active radio and television channel in the district. Representations of national and regional news agencies and media organizations are located in the district.
Some non-governmental organizations operating in the district are: