Yi (Cyrillic)
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Yi Cyrillic
Cyrillic letter Yi
Cyrillic letter dotted Yi - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[ji]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
Non-Slavic letters
Archaic letters

Yi (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Yi is derived from the Greek letter iota with diaeresis.

It was the initial variant of the Cyrillic letter , which saw change from two dots to one in 18th century, possibly inspired by similar Latin letter i. Later two variants of the letter separated to become distinct letters in the Ukrainian alphabet.

It is used in the Ukrainian alphabet, the Pannonian Rusyn alphabet, and the Pre?ov Rusyn alphabet of Slovakia, where it represents the iotated vowel sound /ji/, like the pronunciation of ⟨yea⟩ in "yeast". As the historical variant of the Cyrillic it represented either /i/ (as i in pizza) or /j/ (as y in yen).

In various romanization systems, ? is represented by Roman ji, yi, i, or even ï, but the most common is yi.

It was formerly also used in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet in the late 1700s and early 1800s, where it represented the sound /j/; in this capacity, it was introduced by Dositej Obradovi? but eventually replaced with the modern letter ? by Vuk Stefanovi? Karad?i?.[1][2]

In Ukrainian, the letter was introduced as part of the Zhelekhivka orthography, in Yevhen Zhelekhivsky's Ukrainian-German dictionary (2 volumes, 1885-6).

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character information
Preview Ї ї
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1031 U+0407 1111 U+0457
UTF-8 208 135 D0 87 209 151 D1 97
Numeric character reference Ї Ї ї ї
Named character reference Ї ї
KOI8-U 183 B7 167 A7
Code page 855 141 8D 140 8C
Code page 866 244 F4 245 F5
Windows-1251 175 AF 191 BF
ISO-8859-5 167 A7 247 F7
Macintosh Cyrillic 186 BA 187 BB


  1. ^ Mareti?, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga knji?evnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karad?i?, Vuk Stefanovi?. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod'a, 1814.

External links

  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ? at Wiktionary
  • Ager, Simon. "Ruthenian (Rusyn/)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 2012.
  • Ager, Simon. "Ukrainian (?)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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