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Zabdicene (Armenian: or , romanizedTsavdek' or Zavdek'; Greek: , romanizedZavdikene; Latin: Zabdiccena; Classical Syriac: Zawdai‎) was a Carduchian[1] principality in southeastern Anatolia, in today's Turkey. It was located west of Ake, southwest of Anjewaci and north of Adiabene.

Bezabde and Phinika (Pinaka, Finik, ? in Greek) were located in Zabdicene.[2] In 363, Zabdicene and its cities and fortresses were ceded to the Sasanian Empire.[2] The principality declined by the mid-fifth century. Saint Babai the Great was born in the village of Beth Ainata in the region in 551.


  1. ^ C. Toumanoff, Introduction to Christian Caucasian History II: Status and Dynasties of the Formative Period, Traditio, Vol. XVII, pp.1-107, 1961, Fordham University Press, New York. (see p.31-32-49)
  2. ^ a b Crow, James (2018). "Zabdicene". In Nicholson, Oliver (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 1605. ISBN 978-0-19-866277-8.

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