|City of Zaje?ar|
From top: National Museum, Archaeological site Gamzigrad, Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos, Central park, Historical archive, City Hall
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|o Mayor||Bo?ko Ni?i? (SNS)|
|o Urban||97 km2 (37 sq mi)|
|o Administrative||1,069 km2 (413 sq mi)|
|Elevation||134 m (440 ft)|
|o Urban density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
Zaje?ar (Serbian Cyrillic: ?, pronounced [zâj?t?ar]; Romanian: Zaicear or Z?iceari) is a city and the administrative center of the Zaje?ar District in eastern Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the city administrative area has a population of 59,461 inhabitants. Zaje?ar is widely known for its rock music festival Gitarijada and for the festival dedicated to contemporary art ZALET.
The origin of the name is from the Torlak dialect name for "hare" = zajec / (in all other Serbian dialects it is zec / , while in Bulgarian it is "? / zaek"). It means "the man who breeds and keeps hares".
Early renderings of the city in English used Saitchar.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2011)
The Late Roman fortified palace compound and memorial complex of Gamzigrad-Romuliana at the outskirts of Zaje?ar was commissioned by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus, in the late 3rd and early 4th century. It was known as Felix Romuliana, named after the Emperor's mother Romula. The site consists of fortifications, the palace in the north-western part of the complex, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. The site offers a unique testimony of the Roman building tradition marked by the ideology of the period of the Second Tetrachy. The group of buildings is also unique in its intertwining of ceremonial and memorial functions. The relation between two spatial ensembles in this site is stressed by the tetrapylon which is placed on the crossroads between the worldly fortification and palace on the one side and the other-worldly mausoleums and consecration monuments on the other.
Slavs entered the region during the 7th century, and the tribe living in the area was called Timo?ani. During the Middle Ages, the area of Zaje?ar was contested between Bulgaria, Hungary and Serbia. During periods in the 9th-11th centuries and the 13th century the territory of modern-day Zaje?ar was a part of the Bulgarian Empire.  It finally fell under Ottoman rule during the first half of the 15th century. The oldest preserved rendering of Zaje?ar listed in an Ottoman defter dates from 1466. At the time, there were only eight extended families (zadrugas) living there.
The population of the city and of the area to the south of it was partly Bulgarian, as the Serbian ethnographer Milan ?. Mili?evi? recognized. The city actively participated in the Serbo-Turkish War of 1876-1878. In 1883, it was partially engulfed in the famous Timok Uprising, a reaction against a governmental order to confiscate peasants' firearms and against a law replacing the militia with a standing army.
Bulgaria occupied Zaje?ar from 1915 to 1918, during the First World War. From 1929 to 1941, the city was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The German army occupied Zaje?ar on 14 April 1941, during the Second World War; it was administered as part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia from 22 April 1941. Zaje?ar was liberated on 7-8 October 1944 in a joint operation by Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army.
|Climate data for Zaje?ar (1981-2010, extremes 1961-2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||23.0
|Average high °C (°F)||4.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||-0.2
|Average low °C (°F)||-4.2
|Record low °C (°F)||-29.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||38.4
|Average precipitation days||11||10||11||12||12||10||8||7||8||9||11||12||122|
|Average snowy days||8||7||5||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||3||6||28|
|Average relative humidity (%)||79||75||71||69||69||68||64||66||71||78||81||82||73|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||71.7||92.2||129.3||165.7||223.4||254.1||286.5||266.4||188.0||125.8||72.9||55.9||1,932|
|Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia|
Aside from the urban area of Zaje?ar, the city administrative area includes the following settlements:
According to the 2011 census, the city of Zaje?ar has a population of 59,461 inhabitants, while the urban area has 38,165 inhabitants. The city has an urban area of over 97 km².
The ethnic composition of the city:
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||243|
|Mining and quarrying||464|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||178|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||236|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||2,011|
|Transportation and storage||592|
|Accommodation and food services||394|
|Information and communication||158|
|Financial and insurance activities||196|
|Real estate activities||15|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||367|
|Administrative and support service activities||349|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||1,147|
|Human health and social work activities||1,322|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||156|
|Other service activities||234|
|Individual agricultural workers||676|
Zaje?ar hosted 2006 Serbian triathlon championship. The city has two sport-recreation centers, "Popova pla?a" and "SRC Kraljevica" home of ?RK Zaje?ar, while a third, "Kotlujevac", is under reconstruction.
Zaje?ar is home to the "Zoran Radmilovi?" theatre built 2 February 1947 under the name of the "Oblasno narodno pozori?te". The first play ever performed in the new theatre was "?ita cvetaju". The theatre was renamed during its 45th (1992) anniversary as "Zoran Radmilovi?" to celebrate a famous and beloved actor who was born there. Every year, this theatre is home to the "Dani Zorana Radmilovi?a" art festival.
The Festival of Contemporary Art ZALET (stylised as ZA*73T) organizes manifestations, such as exhibitions, concerts, literary evenings and experimental theater, with innovative and progressive aspects of artistic expressions: performance, art comics, low-fi video, video-art, conceptual art, the synthesis of fine and conceptual arts.
Gitarijada (Serbian Cyrillic, trans. Guitar fest) is a musical festival held during the summer in order to promote demo bands. Held since 1969, Gitarijada is one of the longest-lasting festivals in Serbia and in South Eastern Europe. The festival started its life in Zaje?ar during 1970. Some of notable bands from Serbia such as Bjesovi & Galija were winners in the Gitarijada competition during the '80s and '90s. The programme of the Gitarijada festival has several parts. Demo battles as a main item, with performances of famous artists and art exhibitions involving themes like rock, blues, metal and similar ones. So far, Gitarijada has reached its 50th birthday and it is considered to be the biggest rock festival in South Eastern Europe.
The city is the seat of the Megatrend University Faculty of Management; Business School of Management.
Zaje?ar is twinned with:
The people listed below were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Zaje?ar area.